Damayan ng Maralitang Pilipinong Api (DAMPA)

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LAND AND HOUSING: Grassroots Women’s Perspective. Damayan ng Maralitang Pilipinong Api (DAMPA) With the support of the Huairou Commission and CORDAID ,. DAMPA. A grassroots people’s organization Ninety-five (95) members urban poor organizations - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Damayan ng Maralitang Pilipinong Api (DAMPA)

  • Damayan ng Maralitang Pilipinong Api (DAMPA)

    With the support of the Huairou Commission and CORDAID,

    LAND AND HOUSING: Grassroots Womens Perspective

  • DAMPAA grassroots peoples organizationNinety-five (95) members urban poor organizationsTotal membership (as of Dec. 2004) of 22,754 urban poor families (est. 136,524 individuals)Aims to contribute to providing solutions to basic urban poverty issues, such as Appropriate and affordable housing,Demolition and relocation,Education and literacy among urban poor children, Income generation and livelihood development, Basic services,Women and children.

  • FiguresPhilippine population - 81.1 Million Men - 40.8 million Women - 40.3 million

    Daily cost of living:Philippines - P492.19NCR P602.31 (P18,070/mo.)Informal settlers (NHA) in 2001 ay 1,255,382

    Land and HousingHousing demand 3.6M unitsBacklog 1.9M units (2001)

  • Why is Housing a Gender Issue?Concerns of women remain unaddressed in the usual processes aimed at resolving community issues. All issues are womens issues!Women should be recognized as the primary actor in community development.

  • The "Land and Secure Tenure Program (LSTP)Looks at the unique response and specific contribution of women to achieve security of tenure and housing. Listen to the voices of grassroots women.Document best practices.Share lessons and insights. Advocate for new legislation on women.

  • Goals of the Land and Secure Tenure ProgramLink basic community issue to gender and development. Expand existing community development programs to make these responsive. Highlight the experiences and roles of women in efforts towards resolving issues of housing and security of tenure.

  • Examples of best practicesin secure land tenureResettlement action planning and governance engagement.

    Community development planning in Phase and Phase-LAD.

    Direct purchase as a strategy in land and housing.

    Community mortgage program.

  • Demolition and Relocation Kasiglahan Village 3Efective peoples participation in resettlement development planning and effective local governance engagements

    Demolition because of the Pasig River Rehabilitation.Participation of the people in the Housing and Resettlement Committee of the Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission.Drafting of the Resettlement Action Plan.Continuous engagements with local government.Improving basic services delivery in the relocation areas.

  • On-site land acquisitionPhase at Phase-LAD ProgramCommunity development planning as a strategy in achieving security of tenure

    Housing resulting from a Presidential Proclamation.Effective mass organizing as a fundamental foundation of community development.Technical training for community development planning for land acquisition. Participatory community development planning.

  • On-site land acquisitionDVNA KLP PayatasDirect purchase as a strategy to achieve security of housing tenure

    Housing for scavengers in Payatas.Peoples participation in the Land Acqusition Management Program (LAMP).Land research and negotiation.Savings mobilization for land acquisition.Technical training for land acquisition.

  • On-site land acquisitionNAMALU, Quezon CityThe community mortgage program as a strategy for land and housing tenure

    Organizing the poor for land acquisition.The role of key leaders as community organizers. Land research and negotiation.Community development planningAccess to credit.

  • Settlement / Community Development PlanLand and Secure Tenure

  • StrategiesCommunity organizing Lingkaging / Networking Participatory community development planningSavings mobilizationActive and constructive engagement with government Technical training

  • The Role of Women in Land and Secure TenureAng kababaihan ang pangunahing kumikilos para sa kasiguraduhan sa palupa at paninirahan!Women are the primary actors in the struggle for land and secure tenure!!!

  • The feminization of the struggle for land tenurePositive factors:Primary care-givers.More exposed to community problems.Perceived to be more trust worthy.TenaciousHave more tools at their disposal (katawan at luha)Negative factors:Long-standing patriarchal tradition.Gender-divide.Extension of care giving to include the community.Force of circumstance (Kailangang gawin)

  • The Third Burden

  • The Third BurdenAttention is divided between the family and the community.Threat of being left by their husbands (excuses given usually revolve around the wifes supposed incapacity to take care of the family because of too much concern for the community). Sexual favors (for their husbands) in exchange for the opportunity to work (unpaid) for the community. Physical abuse and battering when a wife got home late from doing community work. Some specific examples:

  • Why do women continue to work for land and housing, and community development?satisfaction and fulfillment

    Personal commitment to the work!

    Expand my experience by working with others.Sharing of lessons with fellow leaders, the community, and the family.To improve my personality. My outlook and attitude in life changed!Hightens my credebility and the respect of the community towards women. It gives me Time-out when Im bored in the house. This is Recreation!

    Realization that my personal problems are small compared to the community problems.

  • Womens concerns in Housing and Land Tenure SecurityAffordability.Pricing scheme in the relocation areas (Escalating payments and Rent payments).Titles and the process of land titling. Access to credit for housing / Socialized Housing Funds.Access to housing for Older Persons.Complete implementation of the UDHA (RA7279).Design of the community.House designs.Peace and Security.Sanitation.

  • Challenges women face in Land Tenure Livelihood and income opportunities.Social support / community support.Culture that men have more rights than women, or the right of the man to his wife. Single parenting.Access to health services.Jelousy of family members, especially for attention.Continuous training.Making the community understand the situation of women.Developing structures and mechanisms in local organization that are more responsive to the specific situation of women.Advocacy for laws that support women in their work towards land tenure security.

  • Our Advocacy(Policy recommendations)Based on the points raised above, the group puts forward the following recommendations;

    For Grassroots organization:

    Continue and intensify technical/ legal/ and other relevant capability building training, in two areas;Organizing and capability building program for the organization.Federation building

    Engage with local governments for the provision of services.

  • Our Advocacy(Policy recommendations)For Policy /legislation:

    Amend the Urban Development and Housing Act or UDHA (RA 7279), specifically to include urban poor people as beneficiaries of government housing project even after the cut- off date of UDHA (1992).

    Enact legislation and policies for the provision of basic services in relocation sites and in urban poor communities, as well as other legislation on affordable housing, and those dealing with transparency of project funds.

    Enact legislation for social protection for women in the housing sector, such as access to credit, consideration of womens perspectives in housing design and community planning, and other provisions which incorporate the nine elements.

  • Our Advocacy(Policy recommendations)For Foreign funded projects which affect urban poor housing security:

    In regards to government implementation of foreign-funded projects, the government should enable, through appropriate legislation, the;

    Provision of funding for direct purchase of land for housing by urban poor organizations.

    Monitoring of implementation and adherence to guidelines of foreign funded projects that adversely affect urban poor settlements.

    Participation and representation of affected families in monitoring and evaluating the social impact of local and foreign funded projects.

    Campaign for transparency in the use of project funds of foreign assisted projects.