Cross-domain collaboration: archives, libraries, museums, National surveys of digital collections reach

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  • Improving Access to European Cultural Heritage 15 October 2009

    Cross-domain collaboration: archives, libraries, museums, audiovisual institutions

    Christophe DESSAUX Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication

    Association MICHAEL Culture

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Europeana Aggregators Round Table 14 October 2009

    Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Cross-domain collaboration : Connecting cultural content in Europe

    • Bridging together the diversity and the richness of European Culture and delivering it to the general public

    • Since early 2000, Member States supported by the European Commission worked together to create the conditions to bring together their digitised resources (Lund principles, 2001)

    • In the National Representatives Group (NRG) and the best practice network MINERVA, they identified the need for a way of promoting access to the richness and diversity of our collections

    • This process was reinforced by a strong political commitment since 2006

  • Optimise the value and develop shared visions of European content, by developing criteria and a framework for an EU collaboration plan for digital cultural and scientific content, together with an appropriate implementation means (Charter, MoU etc). […]

    Improve quality/usability of content, promote unified access for citizens and increase awareness of long-term preservation issues, through developing agreements on interoperability standards; guidelines for digital preservation and content longevity; and coherent models and good practices for rights and asset management together with the development of associated eculture business models.

    European content in global networks Coordination mechanisms for digitisation programmes

    The lund principles – April 2001

  • The MINERVA network www.minervaeurope.org

  • Minerva/Minerva Plus/ Minerva EC (2002-2008)

    It gathered the culture ministries of 20 EU countries. sustained by more than 150 cultural institutions.

    Activities aligned with the Commission’s activities for the development of the European Digital Library

    Action lines:  Integration among the various sectors: libraries, museums, archives;  Thematics of intellectual property rights, interoperability and

    multilingualism;  Sharing good practices in digitisation;  Coordination inside and among Member States;  Monitoring progresses

  • MINERVA outputs

    The MINERVA network (2002-2008) elaborated guidelines and recommendations shared by the EU Member States for the digitisation of cultural heritage and online accessibility.

    OUTPUTS : http://www.minervaeurope.org

    Good practices handbook Digitisation guidelines Quality tools for cultural web sites Cost reduction in digitisation handbook Multilingualism report IPR guidelines Study on user needs of cultural websites and portals

    Annual digitisation report ...

    http://www.minervaeurope.org/

  • Minerva achievements

    MINERVA has contributed in stimulating decision makers and implementers:

    • to use international standards • to adopt guidelines, shared at European level • to enhance interoperability and accessibility of digital

    content • to create the conditions to improve the quality of

    content and services It gathered Ministries and governing bodies of all Member

    States and created a network of hundreds of experts from all over the Member States

  • http://www.michael-culture.org

    More than 10,000 digital collections The digital collections group millions of records.

    http://www.michael-culture.org/

  • One national portal for each Member State

    +1 European portal

    A European inventory of digitised collections

    Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Italy (coordinator)

    MICHAEL /MICHAEL+ (2004-8)

    MICHAEL Culture Association (2007 ->) Created in November 2007 to ensure the sustainability of Michael and to gather Michael partners

    Malta the Netherlands Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden United Kingdom

  • Cultural institutions represented in MICHAEL

    • Ministries • Government • and local heritage agencies • Foundations • Research Networks • Universities • Libraries • Archives • Museums

    National surveys of digital collections reach thousands of cultural institutions spread over the territory, at a national, regional and local level.

    Sustained by Michael Culture Association

  • A reinforced political commitment since 2005

    • April 2005 : Letter from six EU Head of Government to the Commission promoting the creation a European digital library

    • 2006 : Commission recommendation on Digitisation and Online Accessibility of cultural material •2006 : Council Conclusions on the Digitisation and Online Accessibility of Cultural Material, and Digital Preservation (Finnish Presidency)

    •2007 : European Parliament resolution on i2010: towards a European digital library

    •2008 : Council conclusions on the European digital library EUROPEANA (French presidency)

    •2009 : Discussion in the Council (27 November 2009 – Swedish presidency)

  • Based on the diagram presented by E. Niggemann, chair of EDL Foundation - MSEG - Luxembourg - 13/12/2007

    The European Digital Library Galaxy

    Europeana

    National Aggregator

    AC E

    Film Archive X

    Eurbica National

    Archive 1

    MICHAEL

    TE L

    NL 1 NL 2 NL 3

    Museum X

    Archive X

    National Archive 2

    Film Archive 1 National Archive 3

    Library X

    Museum A Archive A Library A

    National cross- domain organisation 2

    National cross- domain organisation 1

    Film Archive 2

  • Europeana The European Digital Library

  • Europeana The European Digital Library

  • Frédéric Chopin ?

  • Connecting cultural content in Europe

    Cross-domain collaboration :

    How to make it happen at national level ?

  • - actively pursue in a sustained manner the implementation of their national strategies and targets […] - promote synergies between them and between the various institutions involved in the digitisation and online accessibility of cultural material […], in order to enrich the supply of digital cultural material, - continue their support, in the context of their national strategies, for the incorporation of digital cultural material in EUROPEANA, particularly by the promotion of interoperability standards, the setting-up or improvement of portals incorporating national content and, where appropriate, by the definition of European themes for the choice of such material, while respecting the priorities of the cultural institutions involved in the project,

    Council conclusions of 20 November 2008 on the European digital library EUROPEANA

  • Cross-domain collaboration : how to make it happen?

    The example of the French national strategy a national digitisation plan for all domains

    run by the Ministry of Culture and Communication

  • Digitisation is one of the priorities defined in the action plan of the Ministry of Culture and Communication :

    - As a major gateway to culture - As an instrument for the transmission of knowledge and the

    democratisation of culture

    November 2008 : European Council conclusions on the European digital library EUROPEANA state that each Member State has to implement a mass digitisation policy in order to contribute to Europeana, single European access point to cultural heritage

    A national strategy in the European framework

  • To increase significatively the offer of digital cultural content available On-line

    To support the development of coordinated networks and develop local partnerships

    To develop On-line access for innovating uses and services

    To increase national and European access

    Four priority objectives

  • National priorities for digitisation of content : - 6 national thematic programmes - territories, persons, French

    and languages of France, art and archeology, architecture, contemporary creation

    -> legibility for the public, -> coherence and -> critical mass

    To increase significatively the offer of digital cultural content available On-line

  • programmes are structured at national level :

    - Bibliothèque nationale de France : Gallica (books)

    - INA : Archives pour tous (audio-visual)

    -National digitisation plan : Archives, libraries, museums, theatres, cinematheques, cultural associations