Connecting Bellingham

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  • 1. Testing Connectivity Metrics in Bellingham, WA American Planning Association Washington State Conference Kennewick, WA October 5-6, 2010

2. Bellingham, WA City of Subdued Excitement

  • Bellingham = 77,000 residents
  • UGA = 9,000
  • Whatcom County = 193,000
  • Bellingham & UGA contains 45% of Whatcom Countys population
  • Bellingham is seat of County government and has 18 of the Top 25 employers in Whatcom County, including:
  • Western Washington University
  • Whatcom Community College
  • Bellingham Technical College
  • St. Josephs Hospital
  • Bellingham School District
  • City of Bellingham
  • Whatcom County

Slide 3. Multimodal Transportation Concurrency Service Areas

  • 5 Urban Village (Type 1)GreenConcurrency Service Areas
  • Downtown-Old Town-Fountain Districts
  • Barkley Village District
  • WWU IMP District
  • N. Samish Way District
  • Fairhaven Village District
  • 4 Transition (Type 2)Yellow Concurrency Service Areas
  • 5 Suburban (Type 3)RedConcurrency Service Areas

Slide 4. Purpose of the Connectivity Study

  • Establish Importance of Connectivity as a Metric
  • Establish Citywide Baseline Measurement of Connectivity
  • Explore Means to Refine Multi-modal Concurrency to Include Connectivity
  • Use Connectivity Metrics to Supplement Capital Improvement Feasibility Studies
  • Explore Use of Connectivity to Refine Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans and Prioritize Projects

5. Bellingham Comprehensive Plan Guidance

  • TG-7Focus on improving traffic circulationand reduce demand for constructing costly system improvements designed to accommodate additional single occupancy vehicle trips.
  • TG-16Identify and commit to connecting missing linkswithin the land-based transportation network for all modes of transportation, including pedestrian, bicycle, transit, and motor vehicles.
  • TG-18 Identify and analyze low-cost opportunities toincrease street connectivityto create better traffic circulation within neighborhoods and throughout the city.
  • TP-60 Discourage cul-de-sacs, where topography allows, andencourage well-connected streetsin new and existing neighborhoods.

6. Bellinghams Transportation Mode Shift Goals SlideTG-28: Set target goals to increase the mode share of pedestrian, bicycle, and transit trips and reduce automobile trips as a percentage of total trips, as listed below. Mode2004 1 2010 22015 2 2022 2 Auto87%84%80%75% Transit2%3%4%6% Bike3%4%5%6% Ped8%9%11%13% Notes:1. 2004 raw data from FTA/Social Data Study 2. City/WTA recommendations based on 2004 raw data from FTA/Social Data Study 7. Citywide Connectivity - Bellingham 8. Bellinghams 16 Concurrency Service Areas Testing ConnectivityQuality of Service (QOS) Indices Connectivity Analyses Focused on CSAs #9 & #14 9. Connectivity by Concurrency Service Area 10. Measures of Connectivity in Concurrency Service Area #9

  • Smart GrowthAccess
  • Safety Active Living

11. CSA #9 Composite Score & Summary Connectivity Indices Composite Scoring 12. Concurrency Service Area #14

  • Smart GrowthAccess
  • Safety Active Living

13. CSA #14 Composite Score & Summary Connectivity Indices Composite Scoring 14. Connectivity Benefit - Birchwood Arterial Connector

  • Interstate 5 = Barrier
  • Birchwood = New east-west arterial grade-separated beneath Interstate 5 via abandoned railroad tunnel
  • Connects 900-acre area annexed to city in 2009
  • New access to Hospital and medical facilities
  • Significant improvement in EMS, fire, and police response times
  • New sidewalk, bicycle lane, transit connections
  • In conjunction with off-street multi-use trail connecting City parks

15. St Joseph Hospital Existing Condition ExistingTravel Distance to St. Joseph Hospital 16. St Joseph Hospital with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Expanded Coverage Area Birchwood Connector 17. St Joseph Hospital with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Reduced Travel Distance to St Joseph Hospital 18. Downtown Library with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Reduced Travel Distance to Bellingham Library 19. Technical College with Birchwood Multimodal Connector Reduced Travel Distance to Bellingham Technical College 20. Recommendations Next Steps

  • Consider Potential Revisions to Connectivity Metric
    • Establish Community Values Weighting Criteria
  • Add Connectivity Metric to Multimodal Concurrency Program for Pedestrian, Bicycle, Transit Modes
  • Examine Connectivity of Remaining CSAs
  • Refine and reconsider citywide Pedestrian and
  • Bicycle System Needs
  • Prepare and Adopt Citywide Pedestrian and
  • Bicycle System Plans

21. Bellingham Contact Information

  • All questions regarding
  • Bellinghams transportation planning programs
  • should be directed to:
  • Chris Comeau, AICP, Transportation Planner
  • City of Bellingham Public Works Department
  • (360) 778-7946; or[email_address]

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