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  • Concurrent Engineering inConstruction Projects

  • Also available from Taylor & Francis

    Agents and Multi-Agent Systems in ConstructionEdited by: Chimay J. Anumba,Onuegbu Ugwu and Zhaomin Ren Hb: 041535904X

    Understanding I.T. in ConstructionMing Sun and Rob Howard Pb: 0415231906

    Advances in Concurrent EngineeringEdited by: R. Goncalves, R. Roy,A. Steiger-Garcao Pb: 9058095029

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  • Concurrent Engineering inConstruction Projects

    Edited byChimay J. Anumba,John M. Kamara and Anne-Francoise Cutting-Decelle

  • First published 2007by Taylor & Francis2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN

    Simultaneously published in the USA and Canadaby Taylor & Francis270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016

    Taylor & Francis is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group,an informa business

    2007 Chimay J.Anumba, John M. Kamara,Anne-Francoise Cutting-Decelle, editorial selection; individual chapters, the contributors

    All right reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted orreproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic,mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafterinvented, including photocopying and recording, or in anyinformation storage or retrieval system, without permission inwriting from the publishers.

    The publisher makes no representation, express or implied, with regardto the accuracy of the information contained in this book and cannotaccept any legal responsibility or liability for any efforts or omissions thatmay be made.

    British Library Cataloguing in Publication DataA catalogue record for this book is availablefrom the British Library

    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication DataConcurrent engineering in construction projects / edited by

    Chimay J.Anumba, John M. Kamara, and Anne-Francoise Cutting-Decelle.

    p. cm.Includes bibliographical references.1. Construction industryQuality control. 2. Concurrent

    engineering. I.Anumba, C. J. (Chimay J.) II. Kamara, John M.III. Cutting-Decelle,Anne-Francoise.

    TH438.C638 2006690.0685dc22 2005028154

    ISBN10: 0415394880 (hbk)ISBN10: 0203968913 (ebk)

    ISBN13: 9780415394888 (hbk)ISBN13: 9780203968918 (ebk)

    This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2007.

    To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledgescollection of thousands of eBooks please go to

    ISBN 0-203-96891-3 Master e-book ISBN

  • Contents

    List of figures viiList of tables xList of contributors xiAcknowledgements xiii

    1 Introduction to Concurrent Engineering in construction 1JOHN M. KAMARA, CHIMAY J. ANUMBA


    2 Foundations of Concurrent Engineering 12LAURI KOSKELA

    3 Readiness assessment for Concurrent Engineering in construction 30MALIK M. A. KHALFAN, CHIMAY J. ANUMBA AND


    4 The voice of the client within a Concurrent Engineering design context 57JOHN M. KAMARA AND CHIMAY J. ANUMBA

    5 Procurement, contracts and conditions of engagement within a Concurrent Engineering context 80PETER WALKER

    6 Process management for concurrent life cycle design and construction 98MICHAIL KAGIOGLOU, GHASSAN AOUAD, SONG WU,


  • 7 Ontologies and standards-based approaches to interoperability for Concurrent Engineering 118LINE C. POUCHARD AND ANNE-FRANCOISE


    8 Integrated product and process modelling for Concurrent Engineering 161CHIMAY J. ANUMBA, N. M. BOUCHLAGHEM, ANDREW N.


    9 Document management in concurrent life cycle design and construction 183ROBERT AMOR AND MIKE CLIFT

    10 Enabling Concurrent Engineering through 4D CAD 201SHERYL STAUB-FRENCH AND MARTIN FISCHER

    11 Telepresence Environment for concurrent lifecycle design and construction 218CHIMAY J. ANUMBA AND A. K. DUKE

    12 Support for users within a Concurrent Engineering environment 250RAIMER J. SCHERER AND D IGA TURK

    13 Concluding notes 278CHIMAY J. ANUMBA, ANNE-FRANCOISE


    Index 284

    vi Contents

  • Figures

    1.1 A framework for understanding CE 32.1 Transformation, flow and value generation view in

    design: conceptualisation and modelling 173.1 The over the wall approach 363.2 An integrated project team 373.3 CERAM construct model 403.4 BEACON model 413.5 Typical team structure within a virtual construction

    organisation 443.6 CE readiness of clients 463.7 CE readiness of consultants 473.8 CE readiness of contractors 483.9 CE readiness of sub-contractors 493.10 CE readiness of material suppliers and manufacturers 504.1 A CE project model 584.2 Context diagram showing the three main stages

    of the CRPM 664.3 Client requirement, design metric and design solution 684.4 Complete entity diagram of the CRPM information

    model 694.5 Primary, secondary and tertiary requirements for the

    Bobton bypass project 736.1 Types of processes 1006.2 Process levels 1016.3 Process Protocol framework 1086.4 Process representation 1106.5 Inputs and outputs to the process 1106.6 Entity relationship diagram for Process Protocol

    framework 1126.7 Process map creation tool 1146.8 Process management tool system architecture 1157.1 Overview of the STEP document architecture 126

  • 7.2 STEP data specification 1287.3 STEP on a page: components of the standard (schema) 1297.4 STEP on a page: components of the standard (details) 1307.5 STEP on a page: application modules 1317.6 Functional areas of library usage 1327.7 Library system 1337.8 Structure of library contents 1347.9 Libraries and product data exchange (level 1) 1367.10 Libraries and product data exchange (level 2) 1377.11 Libraries and product data exchange (level 3) 1377.12 PSL Outer Core definitions and their dependencies 1417.13 Core and Outer Core dependencies for duration

    and ordering and resource requirements theories 1427.14 Architecture of the PSL ontology 1437.15 Incompatible content representation 1447.16 Semantic conflict for resource 1457.17 Data and information exchange scenario 1477.18 Door-assembly process described with PSL 1487.19 The MS-task described by PSL 1487.20 Layering concepts of IFC architecture 1527.21 Core extensions from kernel classes 1537.22 IFC 2 overall architecture 1567.23 Information exchange without PSL 1577.24 Information exchange with PSL 1578.1 Areas of potential concurrency 1708.2 Sequence diagram: design stage traditional approach 1718.3 Use case diagram: outline design stage 1728.4 Activity diagram: design stage 1739.1 A process map specialised for a project with

    relevant documents 1949.2 The ToCEE system framework 198

    10.1 Architectural layout of Sequus project 20310.2 Software used to perform design, cost and

    schedule integration 20410.3 Top-down view of equipment platform 20610.4 IDEF0 diagram of 4D model generation process 20810.5 Original activity and elaborated activities for

    piping installation 20910.6 Original and reorganised piping drawings of

    equipment platform: (a) Original piping drawings organised by piping system; (b) Revised piping drawings organised by workflow 210

    10.7 Grouped CAD objects and schedule activities for piping in zone 1. Reorganised design: organised by zones 211

    viii Figures

  • 11.1 Architectural review meeting inside the VisionDome 221

    11.2 Ideal topology 22311.3 Currently feasible topology 22511.4 Conceptual architecture 22811.5 Architecture of demonstrator 23111.6 Technologies architecture 23211.7 Example storyboard scene 23411.8 Building model 23511.9 Mouse over an avatar 23611.10 Notification window 23711.11 Forum meeting 23811.12 Project document in separate browser window 24012.1 The four types of users of the platform 25412.2 Typical current architecture of services for

    engineers on the Web 25512.3 ISTforCE architecture. Three kinds of services are

    made available to be plugged in on three distinct layers 25512.4 The ISTforCE Concurrent Engineering Service

    Platform (CESP) The users gateway to the CE client-server world 257

    12.5 The five services domains of the ISTforCE architecture 25812.6 Access diagram of the CESP 25912.7 Allocation of the components on the five domains of

    the ISTforCE architecture 26112.8 Service management in the ISTforCE environment:

    adding a new service to the platform 26212.9 Selecting a service by the Service Launcher 26312.10 User management in the ISTforCE environment: adding

    a new user and associating him with one or more specific roles 264

    12.11 Screenshot of the PPS/C enabling user-centric ordering and selection of tasks from multiple projects by appropriate combining and filtering of multiple project workflows 265

    12.12 Core management console 26712.13 Schematic diagram of core services. Interface is

    through the GUI and API. The latter is specified in a machine readable form 267

    12.14 Generation of a personal workflow from different projects 269

    12.15 ECS processes overview 27212.16 Lotus Notes application for support staff 27212.17 Knowledge base search form, search result

    and knowledge document 273

    Figures ix

  • Tables

    1.1 Matrix of concurrency 21.2 Support requirement matrix for CE 41.3 The rationale for adopting CE in construction 62.1 Transformation, flow and value generation

    concepts of design 223.1 Comparison of CE readiness asse