CLASSROOM TECHNIQUES Learning TO HELP as models for application in your own classroom. ... Wakanda Elementary School ... Classroom Techniques to Help Students Engage with Content

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  • PROCESSING NEW INFORMATION

    CLASSROOM TECHNIQUES TO HELP STUDENTS

    ENGAGE WITH CONTENT

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    2015 by Learning S

    ciences International. All rights reserved.

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    2015 by Learning S

    ciences International. All rights reserved.

  • PROCESSING NEW INFORMATION

    CLASSROOM TECHNIQUES TO HELP STUDENTS

    ENGAGE WITH CONTENT

    Tzeporaw Sahadeo-TurnerRobert J. Marzano

    With Gwendolyn L. Bryant and Kelly Harmon

    MARZANOC E N T E R

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    2015 by Learning S

    ciences International. All rights reserved.

  • Copyright 2015 by Learning Sciences International

    All rights reserved. Tables, forms, and sample documents may be reproduced

    or displayed only by educators, local school sites, or nonprofi t entities who

    have purchased the book. Except for that usage, no part of this book may be

    reproduced, transmitted, or displayed in any form or by any means (photo-

    copying, digital or electronic transmittal,electronic or mechanical display, or

    other means) without the prior written permission of the publisher.

    1400 Centrepark Blvd, Suite 1000

    West Palm Beach, FL 33401

    717-845-6300

    email: pub@learningsciences.com

    learningsciences.com

    Printed in the United States of America

    20 19 18 17 16 15 2 3 4

    Publishers Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Sahadeo-Turner, Tzeporaw.

    Processing new information : classroom techniques to help students engage

    with content / Tzeporaw Sahadeo-Turner [and] Robert J. Marzano.

    pages cm. (Essentials for achieving rigor series)

    ISBN: 978-1-941112-03-8 (pbk.)

    1. Learning, Psychology of. 2. Learning strategies. 3. Critical pedagogy. 4.

    E ective teachingUnited States. 5. Classroom management. I. Marzano,

    Robert J. II. Title.

    LB1060 .S23 2015

    370.15`23dc23

    [2014939269]

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  • v

    The Essentials for Achieving Rigor series of instructional guides helps edu-

    cators become highly skilled at implementing, monitoring, and adapting

    instruction. Put it to practical use immediately, adopting day-to-day exam-

    ples as models for application in your own classroom.

    Books in the series: Identifying Critical Content: Classroom Techniques to Help

    Students Know What is Important

    Examining Reasoning: Classroom Techniques to Help Students

    Produce and Defend Claims

    Recording & Representing Knowledge: Classroom Techniques to

    Help Students Accurately Organize and Summarize Content

    Examining Similarities & Di erences: Classroom Techniques to

    Help Students Deepen Their Understanding

    Processing New Information: Classroom Techniques to Help

    Students Engage With Content

    Revising Knowledge: Classroom Techniques to Help Students

    Examine Their Deeper Understanding

    Practicing Skills, Strategies & Processes: Classroom Techniques to

    Help Students Develop Profi ciency

    Engaging in Cognitively Complex Tasks: Classroom Techniques to

    Help Students Generate & Test Hypotheses Across Disciplines

    Creating & Using Learning Targets & Performance Scales: How

    Teachers Make Better Instructional Decisions

    Organizing for Learning: Classroom Techniques to Help Students

    Interact Within Small Groups

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  • vii

    Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.

    Mahatma Gandhi

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  • ix

    Table of Contents

    Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .xi

    About the Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Processing New Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Instructional Technique 1

    Using Collaborative Processing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    Instructional Technique 2

    Using Think-Pair-Share . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    Instructional Technique 3

    Using Concept Attainment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    Instructional Technique 4

    Using Jigsaw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

    Instructional Technique 5

    Using Reciprocal Teaching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

    Instructional Technique 6

    Using Scripted Cooperative Dyads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

    Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

    Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

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  • xi

    Acknowledgments

    We always have more to learn, and we always have more reasons to learn. I

    want to thank my Gentle Giant, my husband, Cooper Jerome Turner III; my

    beautiful children Cierra, Caleb, and Cooper; and my family for allowing me

    to learn more so I can help other children in their endeavors to learn.

    Writing a book is a legacy. It lives forever.

    Tzeporaw

    Learning Sciences International would like to thank the following reviewers:

    Amy Abrams

    2014 Puget Sound Regional Teacher

    of the Year

    Northwood Middle School

    Renton, Washington

    Julie Lima Boyle

    2012 Rhode Island Teacher

    of the Year

    Coventry High School

    Coventry, Rhode Island

    Michael Funkhouser

    2013 West Virginia Teacher

    of the Year

    East Hardy High School

    Baker, West Virginia

    Anne E. Hasse

    2014 Wisconsin Elementary Teacher

    of the Year

    Wakanda Elementary School

    Menomonie, Wisconsin

    Daniele Massey

    2013 Teacher of the Year

    Department of Defense Education

    Activity

    Katie Perez

    2014 Kansas Regional Teacher

    of the Year

    Morgan Elementary

    Hutchinson, Kansas

    Stephanie Seay

    2006 South Carolina State Teacher

    of the Year

    Cannons Elementary

    Spartanburg, South Carolina

    Kathleen M. Turner

    2013 Massachusetts Teacher

    of the Year

    Sharon High School

    Sharon, Massachusetts

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  • xiii

    About the Authors

    TZEPORAW SAHADEO-TURNER, MSEd, MS, has made

    e ective pedagogy and student achievement the primary

    focuses of her career. Her history as a high school science

    teacher, an eighth-grade comprehensive science teacher,

    and an administrator with both Floridas Hillsborough

    County and the Florida Virtual School has allowed her to

    experience and evaluate e ective curricula and pedagogy

    from nearly every angle. She earned both of her masters

    degrees from the University of South Florida.

    ROBERT J. MARZANO, PhD, is CEO of Marzano Research

    Laboratory and Executive Director of the Learning

    Sciences Marzano Center for Teacher and Leader Evalu-

    ation. A leading researcher in education, he is a speaker,

    trainer, and author of more than 150 articles on topics

    such as instruction, assessment, writing and implement-

    ing standards, cognition, e ective leadership, and school

    intervention. He has authored over 30 books, including

    The Art and Science of Teaching (ASCD, 2007) and Teacher Evaluation That

    Makes a Di erence (ASCD, 2013).

    TZEPORAW SAHADEO-TURNER, MSETZEPORAW SAHADEO-TURNER, MSE

    e ective pedagogy and student achievement the primary

    focuses of her career. Her history as a high school science

    teacher, an eighth-grade comprehensive science teacher,

    and an administrator with both Floridas Hillsborough

    County and the Florida Virtual