ChristianityThe religion based on the life, teachings, and example of Jesus Christ
Son of God ~ Messiah ~ Savior
What is Christianity?A diverse, 2000 year old religion followed by almost one third of the worlds population!Based on the life, teachings, death and resurrection of a first century Jew known as Jesus, believed to be the messiah/savior by his followers, called Christians
Symbols of ChristianityThe Cross -symbolizing Christs sacrifice
The fish - Early Christians used the fish as a secret symbol to mark meeting places and tombs, or to distinguish friends from foes.
Who Was Jesus?Born, lived, and died a Jew in first century Roman occupied Palestine.Jesus was born in Bethlehem, near Jerusalem.He learned carpentry from his father and studied the writings of Jewish prophets.Around age 30, took on a mission of preaching, teaching, and healing
Who Was Jesus?Jesus had a following of 12 primary disciples and countless multitudes attracted by his miracles and words of wisdom.They were all seen as a political threat to the Roman Empire.
PreachingJesus preached a message of love and renewal. People began to follow him and his message of a loving, benevolent, forgiving God.Jesus created excitement by performing miracles of healing; defending the poor and oppressed.
Romes ReactionThe Roman Empire ruled over Palestine. Jesus' popularity- crowds alarmed authorities who feared political uprisingsJesus was arrested, tried, and sentenced to death.Put to death through torturous crucifixion (a Roman punishment).
According to the New Testament, after crucifixion:Jesus rose from the deadAppeared for 40 daysAscended into heaven Followers believe Resurrection and Ascension reveal that Jesus is the Messiah These are matters of faith and cannot be explained any other way.Death and Resurrection
Paul of TarsusOriginally known as Saul, born in Tarsus, in Asia Minor (Present day Turkey)At first he actively opposed teaching that Jesus was the MessiahPaul had a conversion on his way to Damascus and became Christian
Saul 43:00 Roman Empire PBS Season 1 Episode 3
Paul of TarsusIf not for his work, Christianity might have remained a branch of Judaism.Paul believed God sent him to convert non-Jews, or Gentiles
Converting the Gentiles
Paul helped make Christianity broader religion and attracted many new followersPauls epistles, or letters, to those churches later became part of the New Testament
Most knowledge of Jesus comes from the Gospels, the first four books of the Christian Bible, also known as the New TestamentThe New Testament and the Old Testament (books from the Torah) make up todays entire Christian Bible.The Bible-Christian Holy Book
Threat leads to PersecutionThe Roman Empire was mostly polytheistic and Roman emperors were seen Gods. Christians were persecuted for their belief in one God and the denial of the emperor as a God.Large-scale persecution by Romans grew as rulers saw Christianity as a threat to their loyalty to the Empire and the emperor.
Results of PersecutionChristians killed by Roman officials were seen as martyrs -people who choose to die rather than deny a strongly held belief, especially a religious belief.Martyrs were revered which also helped Christianity spread and gain popularity.
Imperial ApprovalThe spread of Christianity was accelerated by Roman Emperor Constantines conversion to Christianity.313 CE, Constantine made Christianity legal within empire-Edict of MilanPolytheism gradually disappeared from the Empire.
ConstantineConstantines mark on Christianity: Made December 25th the birthday of Jesus Christ (Christmas). It had been the birthday of the pagan Sun god.Observance of Sunday as the day of rest.Instituted celebrating Easter and Lent based on pagan springtime celebrations.
What is this symbol?
Christian RitualsDuring Eucharist, people eat bread, drink wine in memory of Jesus' death and resurrection
With baptism, people are admitted to the faith *Water used to purify.
Christian Holy DaysChristmas- commemorates the birth of Christ.
Easter- celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion.