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  • 1.119118 1CHAPTER ONE WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A LEADER? CHAPTER OUTLINE The Nature of Leadership The New Reality for Todays Organizations Comparing Management and Leadership Evolving Theories of Leadership Leadership Is Not Automatic Learning the Art and Science of Leadership Organization of the Rest of the Book In the Lead Darwin E. Smith, Kimberly-Clark Frances Hesselbein and the Girl Scout Way Leaders Self-Insight Your Learning Style: Using Multiple Intelligences Your Leadership Potential Are You on a Fast Track to Nowhere? Leaders Bookshelf Leadership Leadership at Work Leadership Right-Wrong Leadership Development: Cases for Analysis Sales Engineering Division Airstar, Inc. 2222TTTttt22111Thomson Learning, Inc. 1

2. 2219218 SUMMARY AND INTERPRETATIONThis chapter introduced the concept of leadership and explained how individuals can grow as leaders. Leadership is defined as an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purposes. Thus leadership involves people in a relationship, influence, change, a shared purpose, and taking personal responsibility to make things happen. Most of us are aware of famous leaders, but most leadership that changes the world starts small and may begin with personal frustrations about events that prompt people to initiate change and inspire others to follow them. Your leadership may be expressed in the classroom, your neighborhood, community, or volunteer organizations.Concepts of leadership have evolved over time. Major research approaches include Great Man theories, trait theories, behavior theories, contingency theories, influence theories, and relational theories. Elements of all these approaches are still applicable to the study of leadership. In addition, emerging theories of leadership focus primarily on how leaders create change by providing vision and direction as well as the culture and values that help attain it.The biggest challenge facing leaders today is the changing world that wants a new paradigm of leadership. The new reality involves the shift from stability to change and crisis management, from control to empowerment, from competition to collaboration, from uniformity to diversity, and from a self-centered focus to a higher ethical purpose. In addition, the concept of leader as hero is giving way to that of the humble leader who develops others and shares credit for accomplishments. These dramatic changes suggest that a philosophy based on control and personal ambition will probably fail in the new era. The challenge for leaders is to evolve to a new mindset that relies on human skills, integrity, and teamwork.The soft skills of leadership complement the hard skills of management, and both are needed to effectively guide organizations. Although leadership is often equated with good management, leadership and management are different processes. Management strives to maintain stability and improve efficiency. Leadership, on the other hand, is about creating a vision for the future, designing social architecture that shapes culture and values, inspiring and motivating followers, developing personal qualities, and creating change within a culture of integrity. Leadership can be integrated with management to achieve the greatest possible outcomes. Organizations need to be both managed and led, particularly in todays chaotic environment. Many managers already have the qualities needed to be effective leaders, but they may not have gone through the process needed to bring these qualities to life. It is important to remember that most people are not born with natural leadership skills and qualities, but leadership can be learned and developed. 22222TTTttt2222 Thomson Learning, Inc.2 3. 3193183 YOUR LEADERSHIP CHALLENGE After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Understand the full meaning of leadership and see the leadership potential in yourself and others. Recognize and facilitate the six fundamental transformations in todays organizations and leaders. Identify the primary reasons for leadership derailment and the new paradigm skills that can help you avoid it. Recognize the traditional functions of management and the fundamental differences between leadership and management. Appreciate the crucial importance of providing direction, alignment, relationships, personal qualities, and outcomes. Realize how historical leadership approaches apply to the practice of leadership today. KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTSLeadership: an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purposes.Paradigm: a shared mind-set that represents a fundamental way of thinking about, perceiving, and understanding the world.Management: the attainment of organizational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling organizational resources.Vision: a picture of an ambitious, desirable future for the organization or team.Position power: a written, spoken, or implied contract wherein people accept either a superior or subordinate role and see the use of coercive as well as noncoercive behavior as an acceptable way to achieve desired results.Learning leader: open to learning and change and encourages the growth and development of others.2222TTTttt22333 Thomson Learning, Inc. 3 4. 4 419418 INTRODUCTIONAs commander of the USS San Antonio, Brad Lee is responsible for up to 400 sailors, twice that many Marines, numerous aircraft, fighting vehicles, smaller vessels, and tactical support. Lee is confident in himself and, more significantly, in his crew. Every sailor is important, Lee tells his crew members, stressing that success is never a one-man mission. So, its not about me. Its about the ship and the success of our mission. It was the desire to help other sailors, rather than personal ambition, that spurred Lee to seek increasing levels of leadership responsibility. By the time he took command of the USS San Antonio, he had served 18 years in the Navy and earned numerous awards and medals. What does it mean to be a leader? For Commander Brad Lee, it means striving to make a difference in the lives of others and the world. It means believing in yourself and those you work with, loving what you do and infusing others with energy and enthusiasm.ANNOTATED LECTURE/OUTLINE _____________________________________________________________________________ _ Leadership Challenge #1: Understand the full meaning of leadership and see the leadership potential in yourself and others. The Nature of LeadershipExhibit 1.1: What Leadership Involves What does leadership mean?Leadership has been of interest to historians and philosophers since ancient times, but scientific studies began in the twentieth century.Defining leadership has been a complex problem because of the complex nature of leadership. Some suggest that leadership is nothing more than a romantic myth.When times are tough, people may look to a grand, heroic type of leader to alleviate fear and uncertainty. In recent years, this view has been challenged.Definition of LeadershipLeadership: an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their shared purposes.Leadership involves influence it occurs among people those people intentionally desire significant changes 4 the changes reflect purposes shared by leaders and followers.2222TTTttt2244 Thomson Learning, Inc.4 5. 519518 5 Influence means that the relationship among people is not passive; it is multidirectional and non- coercive.Leadership is reciprocal: superiors influence subordinates subordinates also influence superiors.Leadership involves creating changes which reflects purposes leaders and followers share. Leaders influence others to unite around a common vision.Leadership is a people activity, distinct from administrative paperwork or planning. It occurs among people; it is not something done to people Since leadership involves people, there must be followers.Good leaders know how to follow and set an example for others.Leadership is shared among leaders and followers, with everyone fully engaged and accepting higher levels of responsibility.Is a musician or athlete who is an expert considered a leader?Only if followers are involved.The qualities for effective leaders are the same as those needed for an effective follower. Effective followers think for themselves and carry out assignments with energy and enthusiasm.Discussion Question #1: What do you consider your own strengths and weaknesses for leadership? Discuss your answer with another student.Notes_________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ __Leadership and the Business of LivingBy not equating leadership with "greatness" and public visibility, it becomes easier to see opportunities for leadership every day. Leadership that has big outcomes often starts small. Leadership involves influence and change toward a desired goal or outcome. Leadership is an everyday way of acting and thinking.What opportunities for leadership do you recognize at hand? Action Memo: As a leader, you can recognize the opportunities for leadership all aroundyou and act to influence others and bring about changes for a better future.2222TTTttt22555 Thomson Learning, Inc.5 6. 6 619618 Discussion Question #3: Of the elements in the leadership definition in Exhibit 1.1, which is the easiest for you? Which is hardest? Explain.Notes_________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Le