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  • CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future

    Professor Stuart HaszeldineSCCS

    University of Edinburgh

    RSC, Edinburgh 22 July 2015

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk

    Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage

    Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3LATelephone +44 (0)131 650 0270 www.sccs.org.uk

    g y

  • CO2 : discovered in Scotland Old College 2011Old College 2011

    Joseph Black was a student atstudent at Edinburgh from 1752-54

    Original lab glassware discovered by Then taught in

    Glasgow, and was Edinburgh

    discovered by excavation in 2011. Now in

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    2

    Edinburgh Professor of Chemistry in 1766

    Royal Scottish Museum

  • WHY CCS ?

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July20153

  • Carbon embedded in electricity is constant

    IEA 2015Tracking Clean Energy Progress Fig 2.2

    Power sector (all sources) has not decarbonised at all since 1990.Growth in Renewables and Efficiency has matched the increased global demand

    i l ik l 6 C i

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July20154

    Progress is very slow. Likely 4 to 6 C warmingCCS not needed to prevent 2C, but to reduce 4C 6C

  • Avoiding a carbon bubble1 tonne CO2 out = 1 tonne CO2 in

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk5Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk

    Faster fossil carbon extraction now Mitigation later .

  • What does CCS do ?

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July20156

  • UK is a fossil carbon state, ALL-energy RES

    Many large EUMany large EU industrial States need a carbon

    storage solution

    27% EU target for 2030

    UK NL BE DE PL 13-18 %

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 7Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

  • What does CCS look like ?look like ?

    expensive

    FINANCE

    t iuncertain

    CONFIDENCE

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk8www.sccs.org

    90% CO2 reduction on site75% along whole chain

  • Geological CO2 storage

    CO2 storage is geologically secure

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk

    Eiffel Tower: 325mgeologically secure(millions of years)

    Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July20159

  • CO2 capture and storage since 1996 : Sleipners ce 996 S e p e

    1 Mt CO /1 Mt CO2 / yr

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201510

  • Recent examples : Learning for CCS

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201511

  • Full-scale full chain CCS projectsBoundary Dam, Sask.Boundary Dam, Sask. Texas Clean Energy Project, Texas Clean Energy Project, TxTx..

    PostPost--combustion aminecombustion amine110MW, 1Mt/110MW, 1Mt/yryr, 2, 2ndnd Oct 2014Oct 2014

    IGCC coal + EORIGCC coal + EOR245MW, 2245MW, 2--3Mt/3Mt/yryr, by 2017, by 2017

    Kemper County, Miss.Kemper County, Miss. QUEST, Alb.QUEST, Alb.

    IGCC coal + EORIGCC coal + EOR Heavy oil HHeavy oil H22 upgraderupgrader

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk

    IGCC coal EORIGCC coal EOR582 MW, 3.5 Mt/582 MW, 3.5 Mt/yryr, May 2015, May 2015

    yy 22 pgpg1.1Mt/1.1Mt/yryr, Late 2015, Late 2015

    12

  • Industry: Vacuum swing, Port Arthur, Texas

    Air Products 2 x units vacuum swing solid adsorbtion, 90% capture, 97% purity, 1 Mt CO2/yr 159km pipe to Hastings field EOR 1 6 3 Mbbl/yr

    Operating 2013 steam reformer for H2

    1 Mt CO2/yr 159km pipe to Hastings field EOR 1.6 3 Mbbl/yr. 28 MWe steam and operations. Upscale potential 56 Mt CO2/yr in USA

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 13Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    Operating 2013, steam reformer for H2 Embedded in Valero refinery

  • Power: new oxycombustion: Drax White Rose

    Drax coal8 % UK electricity

    448 MW new coal and biomass. Alstom Oxy-combustion power plantProducing 2 Mt CO2 / yr new pipe, to aquifer dome storageC tl UK l t l t 5% CO2 St t > 2018 i l 2023

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201514

    Currently UK largest plant, 5% CO2. Start > 2018, commercial 2023Storage undergoing initial drilling 2013, 70 km offshore

  • Capture layout next to Drax

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 15Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    www.whiteroseccs.co.uk

  • Oxycombustion

    www.whiteroseccs.co.uk

    Upscaled Air Separation technology

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 16Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    Upscaled Air Separation technologyNew, multiple and large oxy boiler, burner, heater

  • Post-combustion amine CCS in Scotland

    2 750 tonnes CO / day

    Peterhead to Goldeneye will capture 1 M tonnes CO2/ yr from 2018

    2,750 tonnes CO2 / day

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 17Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    Peterhead to Goldeneye will capture 1 M tonnes CO2/ yr from 2018First CCS in the world on gas-fuelled power plant

  • Peterhead: overview World First first full-scale World First first full-scale

    CCS project on a gas-based power station

    Where capture at Peterhead Power Station; storage in depleted Goldeneye gas

    Goldeneye Platform

    p y greservoir (100 KM offshore)

    Impact 10 million tonnes of CO captured over a 10 to 15CO2 captured over a 10 to 15-year period (90% CO2 capture from one turbine)

    St Fergus Terminal

    Funding UK Government support for both capital & operating expenses

    g

    Peterhead Power Stationp g p Technology Cansolv post-

    combustion capture using upgraded amines

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 18Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    upgraded amines

  • Peterhead : Onshore capture and compression refit

    bCO2 pipe to subsea

    capture

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 19Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

  • UK CCS : Peterhead - Capture Cansolv post-combustion

    Own-brand di-amine

    Removes 90% CO2At 3.5% 25% concn.

    16-18% penalty

    SO2 reduce to 10-20 ppmNO2 reduced

    Shenzhen, then Beijing 2004 B d D 20142004, Boundary Dam 2014

    Post combustion amineEvolved from refinery and petrochemicals

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk20Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    Tested at power plantScale-up 20x to 3,300 tCO2/day, Boundary Dam Sk

  • Platform, reservoir and multiple seal

    Unstaffed

    Reservoir: 3km

    modelling, g,geochemistry, retention and leak scenarios,

    BACKUP All situationsAll situations

    examined with mitigation

    3 seal layers,

    Reservoir

    y ,CO2 lateral movement

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 21Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    BUILD 2016 operate 2019

  • UK industry CCS, d E h d Oil Rand Enhanced Oil Recovery

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201522

  • UK plans Phase II after first two projects

    1km+

    Research, development and innovationChapter 14

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk23Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    1km+

    https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ccs-policy-scoping-document

  • Tees-side ; UKs largest complex

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 24Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    Existing 5 Mt CO2/yr. Possible 50 Mt /yr. Low cost capture. Local network. Needs new pipe offshore to storage or EOR. Operating 2024

  • INDUSTRY IN SCOTLAND

    Keeping C intensive industry d 9 / CO2 l

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk25Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    needs 9 Mt/yr CO2 cleanup

  • Industry capture : through existing pipelinesEDINBURGH/ GRANGEMOUTH ABERDEEN

    Feeder 10 : 3.8 Mt/yr Captain Clean AND 3.5 Mt/yr CO2Feeder 10 : 3.8 Mt/yr Captain Clean AND 3.5 Mt/yr CO2West Lothian St FergusEDINBURGH/ GRANGEMOUTH ABERDEEN

    Fife Ethylene Plant, 0 6 Mt/yr

    CHP Grangemth Refinery 0 5 Mt/yr

    Grangemouth Refinery 0 5 Mt/yr

    Total3.0

    Total3.0 0.6 Mt/yr Refinery, 0.5 Mt/yr Refinery, 0.5 Mt/yr

    Kinneil oil terminal,

    Mt CO2 / yr

    Mt CO2 / yrKinneil oil terminal,

    0.5 Mt/yr/ yr/ yr

    Fife NGL Plant, 0.1 Mt/yr

    CHP Grangemth Chems, 0.5 Mt/yr

    Grangemouth Chems, 0.3 Mt/yr

    D b i 20% f S tti h GHG i i 13 5 Mt/ CO2 b 2021

    Stuart.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk 26Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

    Decarbonises 20% of Scottish GHG emissions 13.5 Mt/y CO2 by 2021Now eligible for Energy Union 2030 Innovation Fund support ?

  • New Gasifier IGCC coal : Summit PowerCaptain sandstone Primary CO2

    formation for added storage if needed

    Injection for EOR Hub Development

    Drives incremental 30,000 bopd of oil recovery, or 330 million barrels over CCEPs 30 year plant life,

    plus added amounts f