CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick .CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick Reference Table of Contents Section

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  • CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick Reference

    Table of Contents

    Section 1 Troubleshooting Cisco Unified Communications v8.0 ...............................................4

    Section 2 Real Time Monitoring Tool ...........................7

    Section 3 Cisco Unified Serviceability .....................15

    Section 4 Command-Line Interface ............................33

    Section 5 Troubleshooting Endpoint Registration .....................................................................................36

    Section 6 MGCP ........................................................................39

    Section 7 H.323 and SIP Gateways ............................44

    Section 8 Troubleshooting Database Issues ........49

    Section 9 Troubleshooting Call Setup Issues ......54

    Section 10 Tracing Calls .....................................................63

    Section 11 Troubleshooting Off-Net Call Setup .........................................................................................65

    Section 12 Troubleshooting Voice Quality Issues ................................................................................66

    Section 13 Cisco Service Advertisement Framework ..................................................70

    Section 14 Troubleshooting Device Mobility Issues ..............................................................................79

    Section 15 Extension Mobility Issues ........................82

    Section 16 Cisco Unified Mobility General Issues ..............................................................................86

    Section 17 Troubleshooting Media Resources ........................................................................................89

    Section 18 Troubleshooting Media Termination Points .....................................................................92

    Section 19 Troubleshooting Conferences .............94

    Section 20 Troubleshooting Transcoder Issues......................................................................97

    Brion S. Washington

    ciscopress.com

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick Reference

    About the AuthorBrion S. Washington, CCNA, is a senior voice engineer consultant in Atlanta, GA. He has more than ten years of Cisco experience, with the last five years dedicated to VoIP; he has worked with all the Cisco VoIP products. Brion has done many large projects involving VoIP, from complete network design, implementation, and the last level of escalation. He is currently finishing up his CCVP.

    About the Technical ReviewerAlex Hannah, CCIE Voice No. 25853, is a certified Cisco instructor, specializing in teaching the Cisco Advanced IP Communications product line. He has more than seven years consulting experience in Cisco Unified Communications for SMB through Enterprise spaces. He is president of Hannah Technologies LLC, a Richmond, Virginia-based Cisco consulting firm specializing in Cisco Advanced IP Communications and application development using Microsoft technologies. He holds a bachelors degree in Information System from Virginia Commonwealth University with a minor in Business. Additionally, he is the founder of UCCX.net, a video-based training website for the Cisco UC product line. In his spare time, you can find Alex on his boat wakeboarding with his family and friends.

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick Reference

    DedicationsTons of people were a part of making this guide what it is. I personally want to thank each of them.

    My family: My wife Christi, and kids Taylor, Brittney, and Nathan for their patience and understanding during this project. They kept me sane.

    Alex Hannah: Whose website I visited before while trying to understand UCCX. His meticulous technical editing and knowledge guided this project from infancy to maturity. Thank you, Alex.

    Amanda Finley: For the hours we spent playing Bad Company 2 on the PS3, thanks for helping me relax and enjoy my down time.

    The Cisco Press Team: Brett Bartow, Mandie Frank, Keith Cline, and Sheri Cain. They are the biggest reason this project was successful. I appreciate all that the team did for me and the project.

    Brion S.Washington

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick Reference

    Section 3

    Cisco Unified Serviceability

    A main section of CUCM is Unified Serviceability. Within in this section, you have access two useful web-based tools and resources that can be crucial to a healthy Unified Communications environment: Alarm Configuration and Traces. We discuss both here.

    Alarm ConfigurationThe options for configuring Alarms are clearly shown in Figure 3-1. You must select the server and service, and then chose which alarms you want to set up:

    Configuration (where you configure your alarms)

    Definitions (provides alarms definitions)

    Select server

    Select service

    Select service group

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    Section 3 Cisco Unified Serviceability

    Alarm destinations are as follows:

    Local syslogs

    Remote syslogs

    SDI (System Diagnostic Interface)

    SDL (Signal Distribution Layer)

    FigURE 3-1 Alarm Configuration Page

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    Section 3 Cisco Unified Serviceability

    All alarms have a few options in the drop-down list:

    Emergency: Designates the system is unusable.

    Alert: Immediate action is required.

    Critical: Critical issue.

    Error: An error exists.

    Warning: Informational warning message.

    Notice: Significant condition, but normal.

    Informational: Informational messages.

    Debug: TAC engineers use these for debugging.

    TracesThis section is where you configure the traces that can assist you in troubleshooting. They are trace configurations and troubleshooting traces. You can configure three types of traces: SDI, SDL, and Log4j. The trace configuration option you pick has a big impact on the information you will receive and how much time you will probably spend during problem resolution. You can see what type of traces you can configure by checking out Figure 3-2. The files can be viewed in RTMT:

    Configuration: Configure traces.

    Troubleshooting Trace Settings: Set up predefined troubleshooting traces.

    You are probably wondering how to choose between a trace and troubleshooting trace. The following table lists the main difference between these two.

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    Section 3 Cisco Unified Serviceability

    Traces Troubleshooting Traces

    Minimal information, could miss relevant information

    Lots of information, more than is needed to troubleshoot a specific problem

    Apply filters Turns on almost all trace optionsLess system impact Major system impact

    Trace types include the following:

    SDI

    Runtime events for the related software

    IP address

    Time stamp

    Device name

    SDL

    Call processing from Unified Communications Manager and Cisco CTI Manager Services.

    Used by Cisco TAC engineers. Normal administrators provide this information to them only upon request.

    Log4J

    Used for Java applications

    Note: Traces affect system performance, so use them only for troubleshooting purposes. If you want to practice traces, use a nonproduc-tion system. In addition, SDL traces can be more difficult to read than SDI. Therefore, you usually start with SDI traces to find logs related to CUCM issues.

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright. Please see page 99 for more details.

    Section 3 Cisco Unified Serviceability

    FigURE 3-2 Where and How You Set Up Traces

    To configure a trace, follow these steps:

    1. Select the server.2. Select the service group from the drop-down.3. Select the service.4. Check the trace boxes you want.5. Click Save.

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    2011 Cisco Systems Inc. All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright.

    CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick Reference

    CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 Quick ReferenceBrion S. Washington

    Technical Reviewer: Alex Hannah

    Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.Published by:Cisco Press800 East 96th Street Indianapolis, IN 46240 USAAll rights reserved. No part of this digital Quick Reference may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review.Digital Edition April 2011ISBN-10: 0-13-249816-2ISBN-13: 978-0-13-249816-6

    Warning and DisclaimerThis digital Quick Reference is designed to provide information about the CCNP Voice TVoice 642-427 exam. Every effort has been made to make this digital Quick Reference as complete and accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied.The information is provided on an as is basis.