Carbon & Alloy Steels Nomenclatura AISI SAE

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carbon & allly

Text of Carbon & Alloy Steels Nomenclatura AISI SAE

  • 295

    Composition ranges and limits for alloy steel pressure-vessel plate (ASTM specifications)

    ASTM specifi- Type or UNS es and limits, o/o a cation grade designation Mn p s Nl Mo v Other A202 Grade A 1

  • 296

    Composition ranges and limits for carbon steel pressure-vessel plate (ASTM specifications)

    Type or UNS Heat composition ranges and limits, ga) Specification grade designation c Mn p s 51 A285 Grade A K01700 0.17 O.o35 0.045

    GradeS K02200 0.22 0.90 O.o35 0.045 GradeC K02801 0.28 0.90 O.Q35 0.045

    A288 K02803 0.30 0.90-1.50 0.035 0.040 0.15..0.30 A442 Grade 55 K02202 0.24 0.60-1.10 0.04 0.05 0.15..0.30

    Grade60 K02402 0.27 0.60-1.10 0.04 0.05 0.15-0.30 A455 Type ! K03300 0.33 0.85-1.20 0.040 0.050 0.10

    Typen K02802 0.28 0.85-1.20 0.040 0.050 0.15..0.30 A515 Grade 55 K02001 0.28 0.90 O.o35 0.040 0.15..0.30

    Grade60 K02401 0.31 0.90 O.Q35 0.040 0.15..0.30 A515 Gradc65 K02800 0.33 0.90 O.D35 0.040 0.15..0.30

    Grade 70 K03101 0.35 0.90 O.D35 0.040 0.15..0.30 A516 Grade 55 K01800 0.26 0.60-1.20 0.035 0.04 0.15..0.30

    Grade60 K02 100 0.27 0.60-1.20 O.D35 0.04 0. 15..0.30 Grade65 K02403 0.29 0.85-1.20 O.o35 0.04 0.15..0.30 Grade 70 K02700 0.3 1 0.85-1.20 O.Q35 0.04 0.15..0.30

    A537 K02400 0.24 0.70-1.60 O.o35 0.040 0.15..0.30 A612(b) K02900 0.27 1.00-1.50 0.035 0.040 0.15..0.30 A662 Grade A K01701 0.17 0.90-1.35 oms 0.040 0.15..0.30

    Grado! 8 K02203 0.19 0.85-1.50 0.035 0.040 0.15..0.30 A724(b) Grade A 0.18 1.00-1.60 0.035 0.040 0.55

    (a) Maximum unless a range is specified. (b) Residual alloying clemcms restricted as follows: 0.35 max Cu; 0.25 max Ni; 0.25 max Cr; 0.08 max Mo; 0.08max V

  • 297

    AMS Designations

    Product descriptions and carbon contents for wrought carbon steels

    Nearest Nearest AMS Carbon AISI-SAE AMS Carbon AISISAE designation Product form content grade designation Product form content grade

    5010E B~w machine stock 1112 S069A Bars, f

  • 298

    Product descriptions and nominal compositions for wrought alloy steels (continued)

    Nearest AMS Nominal composition, % AISISAE designation Product form( a) c Cr Nl Mo Other grade 63250 Bars, forgings (heat treated: 0.38-0.43 0.50 0.55 0.25 8740

    105 ksi lellSile sttength) 63270 Bars, fotgings (heat treated: 0.38.().43 0.50 0.55 0.25 8740

    125 ksi tensile strength) 6328E Bars, forgings. tubing 0.48.().53 0.50 0.55 0.25 8750 6330A Bars, forgings 0.33-0.38 0.6 1.25 3135 63420 Bars, forgings. tubing 0.38.().32 0.80 1.0 0.25 9840 63500 Plate. sheel. slrip r annealed) 0.28.().33 0.95 0.20 4130 6351A Plate, shee(, slrip (spheroidiz.ed) 0.28-0.33 0.95 0.20 4130 6352B Plate, sheet. slrip (annealed) 0.32.().39 0.95 0.2 4135H 6354 Plate. sheet. slrip 0.10.0.17 0.6 0.2 0.75Si NAX9115-AC

    0.1 Zr 63SSG Plate, sheet. strip (annealed) 0.28.().33 0.50 0.55 0.20 8630 6356A Plate, shee(, strip 0.30-0.35 0.95 0.20 63570 Plate, shee(, slrip 0.330.38 0.50 0.55 0.25 8735 6358B Plate. sheet, strip 0.38-0.43 0.50 0.55 0.25 8740 6359B Plate. sheet. strip 0.38.().43 0.80 1.8 0.25 4340 6360F Tubing, seamless 0.28.0.33 0.95 0.20 4130 6361 Tubing, sc:unless (125 ksi 0.27-0.33 0.95 0.2 4130

    tensile strength) 6362 Tubing, seamless (150 ksi 0.27-0.33 0.95 0.2 4130

    tensile strength) 6365E Tubing. seamless 0.33.0.38 0.95 0.20 4135 6370F Bars. forgings. rings 0.28.().33 0.95 0.2 4130 63710 Tubing 0.28-0.33 0.95 0.20 41 30 63720 Tubing 0.33-0.38 0.95 0.20 4135 6373A Tubing, welded 0.28.0.33 0.95 0.20 4130 6378 Ban (die drawn and tempered: 0.38.0.45 0.95 0.2 4140

    130 ksi yield strength) 6379 B;vs (die drown and tempered: 0.40-0.53 0.95 0.2 4140

    165 ksi yield strength) 6381B Tubing 0.38-0.43 0.95 0.20 4140 6382G B;vs. forgings 0.38.0.43 0.95 0.20 4140 6385B Plate. sheet. slrip 0.27.0.33 1.25 0.50 0.65Si

    0.25V 6386A Plate, sheet (heat treated: 90and

    100 ksi yield strength) 6390A Tubing (special quality) 0.38.0.43 0.95 0.20 4140 6395 Plate. sheet. strip 0.38-0.43 0.95 0.20 4140 6406A Plate. sheet, strip 0.410.46 2.1 0.58 1.6Si

    0.05V 6407B B;vs, forgings, tubing 0.27.0.33 1.2 2.05 0.45 6411 Bars. forgings. tubing (P. CM) 0.28.0.33 0.85 1.8 0.40 6412F Bars. forgings 0.35.0.40 0.80 1.8 0.25 4337 64130 Tubing 0.35-0.40 0.8 1.8 0.25 4337 6414A B;vs, forgings. tubing (P) 0.38-0.43 0.80 1.8 0.25 4340 6415G Bars, forgings, tubing 0.38-0.43 0.80 1.8 0.25 4340 6416 Bars. forgings. tubing 0.41.().46 0.8 1.8 0.4 1.6Si

    0.00 v 6417 Bars. forgings. tubing (P, CM) 0.38.0.43 0.82 1.8 0.40 1.6Si 4340mod

    0,07 v 6418C Bars, forgings. tubing 0.23..0.28 0.30 1.8 0.40 l.3Mn Hy-Tuf

    1.5Si 6419 Bars. forgings. tubing (P, CM) 0.41..0.46 0.82 1.8 0.40 1.6Si 300M

    0.07V 6421A Bars. forgings. tubing 0.35-0.40 0.80 0.85 0.20 0.003 B Mod 98B37 6422C Bars. forgings. tubing 0.38-0.43 0.80 0.85 0.20 0.003 B Mod 98B40 6423A Bars. forgings. tubing 0.40-0.46 0.92 0.15 0.52 0.003 B 6426A Bars. forgings. tubing (VM) 0.80-0.90 1.0 0.58 0.75Si 64270 Bars. forgings. tubing 0.28..0.33 0.85 1.8 0.40 0.07V 6428A Bars, forgings. tubing 0.320.38 0.80 1.8 0.35 0.20V 4335mod 6429A Bars, forgings. tubing (CM or 0.33-0.38 0.80 1.8 0.35 0.20V 433Smod

    VM) 6430A Bars. forgings. tubing (special 0.33-038 0.80 1.8 0.35 0.20V 4335mod

    grade) 6431A Bars. forgings, tubing (P, VM) 0.45-0.50 1.05 0.55 l.O 0.11 v 06AC 6432 Bars. forgings. tubing 0.430.49 1.05 0.55 1.0 0.11 v D6A 6433A Plate, sheel. strip (special grade) 0.33..0.38 0.80 1.8 0.35 0.20V 6434A Plate, shee(, slrip 0.31.().38 0.80 1.8 O.JS 0.20V 4335mod 6435A Plate. sheet. strip(P. CM) 0.33.0.38 0.80 1.8 0.35 0.20V 4335mod

    (annealed)

    (a) P, premium quality; VM. vacuum melted: CM, consumable electrode remelted

    (continued)

  • 299

    Product descriptions and nominal compositions for wrought alloy steels (continued) Nearest

    AMS Nominal composition, % AISI.SAE designation Product form( a) c Cr Nl Mo other grade 6436A Plate, sheet. strip 0.20.0.25 1.25 0.5 0.65 Si

    0.85V 6437A Plate, sheet, strip 0.38-0.43 5.0 1.3 0.5 v Hit 6438A Plate. sheet, strip (P. CM) 0.4.5-0.50 1.0.5 0 . .55 1.0 0.11 D6 6440E Bars. wire. forgings 0.98-1.10 1.45 52100 64410 Thbing (bearing quality) 0.98-1.10 1.45 52100 6442C Bars. wire. forgings 0.98-1.10 0.50 50100 6443B Bars. wire. forgings (P. VM) 0.95-1.1 1.05 51100 6444B Bars. wire, forgings.rubing 0.95-1.10 1.45 52100

    (P, VM) 6445A Bars. wire, forgings,rubing 0.92-1.02 1.05 1.1 Mn .51100mod

    (P, VM) 6446 Bars. forgings (P) 0.95-1.10 1.05 51100 6447 Bars, forgings.lllbing (P) 0.95-1.10 1.45 52100 6448C Bars. forgings 0.48-0.53 0.95 0.22V 6 1.50 6450C Wire (spring-annealed) 0.48-0.53 0.95 0.22 V 6150 6455C Plate, sheet. strip (spring) 0.48-0.53 0.95 0.22V 6 150 6470F Bars. forgings. tubing for 0.38-0.43 1.6 0.35 1.15 AI

    nitriding 6471 Bars. forgings. tubing for 0.38-0.43 1.6 0.35 1.15 AI

    nitriding(P) 64n Bars. forgings for nitriding (heal 0.38.0.43 1.6 0.35 1.13AI

    treated: 112 ksi tensile strength)

    647SC Bars. forgings. tubing for 0.21-0.26 1.1 3.5 0.25 125AI nitriding

    6485B Bars, forgings 0.38-0.43 5.0 1.3 0.50V Hit 6487C Bars, forgings (P. VM) 0.38-0.43 5.0 1.3 0.50V Hll 6488 Bars, forgings (P) 0.38-0.43 5.0 1.3 0.50V Hll 6490B Bars, forgings. tubing (P, VM) 0.77-0.85 4.0 4.25 l.OV MSO 6512 Bars, forgings. tubing. rings 18 4.9 7.8Co

    (CM) (annealed) 0.40Ti O.IOAI

    6514 Bars. forgings. tubing, rings 18.5 4.9 9.0Co (annealed) (CM) 0.65Ti

    O.IOAI 6520 Plate. sheet, strip (solution heal 18 4.9 7.8Co

    treated) (CM) 0.40Ti O.IOAl

    6521 Plate, sheet. strip (solution heat 18.5 4.9 9.0Co tre:lled) (CM) 0.65Ti

    O.lOAI 6526 Bars. forgings, tubing 0.29-0.34 1.0 7.5 1.0 4.5Co

    (annealed) (P, CM) 0.09V 6530E Tubing. seamless 0.28-0.33 0.50 0.55 0.20 8630 65350 Tubing, seamless 0.33-0.38 0.50 0.55 0.25 8735 6540A Bars, forgings. rings, tubing 0.24-0.30 0.48 8.0 0.48 4.0Co

    (annealed) 0.09V 6541A Bars. forgings, tubing. rings 0.24-0.30 0.48 8.0 0.48 4.0Co

    (annealed) (P. CM) 0.09V 6542A Bars, forgings. tubing 0.42-0.48 0.27 7.75 0.27 4.0Co

    (annealed) (P. CM) 0.09V 6545A Plate, sheet. strip (annealed) 0.24-0.30 0.48 8.0 0.48 4.0Co

    0.09V 6546A Plate. sheet. strip (annealed) 0.24-0.30 0.48 8.0 0.48 4.0Co

    (P. CM) 0.09V 6550E Tubing. welded 0.28-0.33 0.50 0.55 0.20 8630

    (a) P, premium quality: VM. vacuum melted: CM. consumable electrode remelted

  • 300

    Physical Properties

    Densities of steels

    Nearest AISI.SAE Chemical com~sltlon, % Treatment Dens tty grade c Mn Sl Cr Nl Other or condition Mgtm3 lb1Jn.3 1008 0.06 0.38 O.ot Annealed 7.871 0.2844 1024 0.23 0.64 0.11 Annealed 7.859 0.2839 1042 0.44 0.69 0.20 Annealed 7.844 0.2834 (a) 1.22 0.35 0.16 Annealed 7.830 0.2829 5130 0.31 0.74 1.00 Hardened and wmpered 7.84 0.283 52100 0.98 0.28 1.68 Annealed 7.81 0.282 (a) 0.51 0.22 1.72 3.52 Quenched in brine (BQ) 7.79 0.281

    BQ, tempered 190 c (375 oF) 7.80 0.282 BQ, tempered 365 c (690 F) 7.82 0.283 BQ, tempered 6

  • 301

    Specific heat of steels

    Mean apparent specific heat, J/Kg K, at temeerature range1 oc

    Nearest 50 150 200 250 300 350 450 550 650 700 750 850 AISI-8AE Chemical com~sltlon1 % Treatment to to to to to to to to to to to to grade c Mn Cr Nl Mo Other or condition 100 200 250 300 350 400 500 600 700 750 800 900 1008 0.06 0.38 Annealed 481 519 536 553 ~74 S95 662 7S4 867 1105 875 846 1008 0.08 0.3 1 Annealed 481 523 544 557 569 595 662 741 858 1139 960 1010 0.10 0.42 0.008P; Not known 450 500 520 535 565 590 650 730 825

    0.0285 1025 0.23 0.64 Annealed 486 519 532 557 574 599 662 749 846 1432 950 1042 0.42 0.64 Annealed 486 SIS S28 S48 569 586 649 708 770 1583 624 548 1078 0.80 0.32 Annealed 490 532 S48 565 586 607 670 712 770 2081 615 (a) 1.22 0.35 Annealed 486 540

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