Carbohydrates Fats Protein Fibre Vitamins Dietary Minerals Water

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Dietary Minerals




Liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose. Creates energy for cells, tissues, organs.

Types: simple and complex Simple: In fruits, dairy products.

Complex: In vegetables, whole grain material. Provides vitamins, minerals, fibres. Half of energy per day.

Types of fat: Saturated: (Dairy/animal products, increases blood cholesterol) Unsaturated: (Vegetable sources, healthy for you) Trans: ( Diary/ Meat products, gives heart disease/stroke)

Saturated/trans clogs arteries, giving heart diseases.

Good fat gives you healthy hair, nails, etc…

Fat from fish oil makes you smarter.

In range 20-25 percent of calories Bad fat is unsaturated/trans fat.

Protein type: Amino acids (20 per day)

Amino acids: make protein from food

Supply cells with protein

Builds, maintains, and repairs body's tissue.Energy for body

Comes from meat, fruits, & vegetables.

Get fat from overdose.

Types: cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin pectin's, mucilage's, gums.

Found in grains, vegetables, and fruit.

Lowers risk: heart disease, diabetes, diverticulitis, constipation.

Body can’t digest.

Daily fibre: woman (20g), men (30g)

Hold waters/bind minerals to body.

Not enough fibre: gas, bloating, diarrhea occurs.

Types: A, B, C, D, E.

D in Milk helps bones. (dairy: milk)

C heals your injuries. (citrus: oranges)

A helps your eyesight. (vegetables: carrots) B helps make protein/energy. (leafy vegetables)

E protects cells/ immune system. (sun)

1g of Polar bear liver’s = 12mg Vitamin A.

Types: Calcium, Zinc, Potassium, Iron, Magnesium.

Calcium functions nerves/muscles.

Iron carries oxygen to cells

Magnesium works with calcium to maintain bones.

Potassium corrects cell functions.

Zinc develops body

Body fluids that travel around the body.

Found in vegetables, fruits, meats.

Types: Liquid, solid, gas.

Body: 55-78 %

Requires: 1-7 Liters / day. (2L to function properly.)

Used for bathing, cleaning, drinking, recreation, etc…

Vegetables, fruits, meat, etc… contain water.

80% of newborn

The USA uses 346,000+ gallons per day.