Text of Canada’s Natural Resources First Nations Before European settlers arrived in Canada, First...
Canadas Natural Resources
First Nations Before European settlers arrived in Canada, First Nations and Inuit peoples lived in Canada. They lived in groups called tribes, with many different ways of life and traditions depending on the type of land and the weather in the region. Some were nomadic, which means they moved around while hunting and gathering food. Others were farmers who settled down in a particular area.
Exploring Canada John Cabot An Italian who moved to England and eventually sailed for King Henry VII He was inspired by Columbus & de Gama and was also looking for a route to Asia in 1497 Landed somewhere in North America and claimed it for England Returned with reports of bountiful fish and forests which inspired others to explore there as well Made a second voyage a year later and the outcome is a mystery.
Exploring Canada Samuel de Champlain A French geographer and explorer A French geographer and explorer First traveled with his uncle to Spain & the West Indies First traveled with his uncle to Spain & the West Indies Joined DuPont's expedition to Canada in 1603 Joined DuPont's expedition to Canada in 1603 Mapped the Atlantic coastline and the Great Lakes Mapped the Atlantic coastline and the Great Lakes Established Quebec City and became the governor of New France Established Quebec City and became the governor of New France Fought against the Iroquois Indians and lived with the Huron Indians for a winter Fought against the Iroquois Indians and lived with the Huron Indians for a winter Lost control of Canada to the English in 1629, but regained it in a treaty in 1632 Died in Quebec City in 1635
Who Owns Canada? England claimed the regions of Canada along the St. Lawrence seaway. They controlled the Hudson Bay, Newfoundland, and southern coastal areas. France set up colonies in Montreal and Quebec. These were trading posts for the missionaries and trappers who went to live among the Indians. France also controlled the area around the Great Lakes. England dominated the seas, while France dominated the fur trade with the First Nations. The two countries fought for over 70 years without either side winning until 1759, when Britain conquered Quebec and drove France from North America, taking possession of all of her colonies in the region.
Independence Day Canadas Independence Day is celebrated July 1 and is called Canada Day. July 1, 1867: the British government (under Queen Victoria) allowed Canada to become an independent country with its own government. Officially, it was called the Dominion of Canada and it remained loyal to Britain.
Whats the difference between a province and a territory? Provinces were created in 1867 as part of the Constitution Act Territories were created by federal law. The federal government has more direct control over the territories, while provincial governments have more authority over their own province.