Building Scalable Scientific Applications using Makeflow

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Building Scalable Scientific Applications using Makeflow. Dinesh Rajan and Douglas Thain University of Notre Dame. The Cooperative Computing Lab. The Cooperative Computing Lab. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Welcome! Department of Computer Science and Engineering College of Engineering University of Notre Dame

Building Scalable Scientific Applications using MakeflowDinesh Rajan and Douglas ThainUniversity of Notre Dame

The Cooperative Computing Lab Cooperative Computing LabWe collaborate with people who have large scale computing problems in science, engineering, and other fields.We operate computer systems on the O(10,000) cores: clusters, clouds, grids.We conduct computer science research in the context of real people and problems.We develop open source software for large scale distributed computing.3 Depends on Computing!


The Good News:Computing is Plentiful!5


I have a standard, debugged, trusted application that runs on my laptop. A toy problem completes in one hour.A real problem will take a month (I think.)

Can I get a single result faster?Can I get more results in the same time?

Last year,I heard aboutthis grid thing.What do I do next?

This year,I heard aboutthis cloud thing.Should I port my program to MPI or Hadoop?Learn C / JavaLearn MPI / HadoopRe-architectRe-writeRe-testRe-debugRe-certify

What if my application looks like this?Our Philosophy:Harness all the resources that are available: desktops, clusters, clouds, and grids.Make it easy to scale up from one desktop to national scale infrastructure.Provide familiar interfaces that make it easy to connect existing apps together.Allow portability across operating systems, storage systems, middlewareMake simple things easy, and complex things possible.No special privileges required.I can get as many machineson the cluster/grid/cloud as I want!

How do I organize my applicationto run on those machines?Makeflow:A Portable Workflow SystemAn Old Idea: Makefiles13part1 part2 part3: ./

out1: part1 mysim.exe ./mysim.exe part1 >out1

out2: part2 mysim.exe ./mysim.exe part2 >out2

out3: part3 mysim.exe ./mysim.exe part3 >out3

result: out1 out2 out3 ./ out1 out2 out3 > result

Makeflow = Make + WorkflowProvides portability across batch systems.Enable parallelism (but not too much!)Fault tolerance at multiple scales.Data and resource management.


Makeflow Language - RulesEach rule specifies: a set oftarget filesto create;a set ofsource filesneeded to create them;acommand that generates the target files from the source files.part1 part2 part3: ./

out1: part1 mysim.exe ./mysim.exe part1 >out1

out2: part2 mysim.exe ./mysim.exe part2 >out2

out3: part3 mysim.exe ./mysim.exe part3 >out3

result: out1 out2 out3 ./ out1 out2 out3 > result out1 : part1 mysim.exemysim.exe part1 > out1 You must stateall the filesneeded by the command.sims.mfout.10 : in.dat calib.dat sim.exesim.exe p 10 > out.10

out.20 : in.dat calib.dat sim.exesim.exe p 20 > out.20

out.30 : in.dat calib.dat sim.exesim.exe p 30 > out.30

PrivateClusterCampusCondorPoolPublicCloudProviderCRCSGEClusterMakefileMakeflowLocal Files and ProgramsMakeflow + Batch Systemmakeflow T sgemakeflow T condorWork QueueWork QueueDriversLocalCondorSGEBatchHadoopWorkQueueTorqueMPI-QueueXGridMoabHow to run a MakeflowRun a workflow locally (multicore?)makeflow -T local sims.mfClean up the workflow outputs:makeflow c sims.mfRun the workflow on Torque:makeflow T torque sims.mfRun the workflow on Condor:makeflow T condor

Example: Biocompute Portal

Generate MakefileMakeflowRunWorkflowProgressBarTransaction LogUpdateStatusCondorPoolSubmitTasks


Makeflow Documentation