Text of Buddhism. BACKGROUND HISTORY A. It developed in the 500s BC In Northern India near the Himalayas....
BACKGROUND HISTORYA. It developed in the 500s BC In Northern India near the Himalayas. (Today Nepal)
B. Siddhartha GautamaBorn a Hindu prince in Northern India,today Nepal. He left home at the ageof 29 to search for the Meaning of Lifeand Religious Truth.
C. What Happened To Him?While on his search, he meditated undera tree for 49 days. During which he reachedEnlightenment & would become known as Buddha or Enlightened One
Key ConceptsA. Believes in Reincarnation & Karma
B. Doesnt follow the Caste System
C. Doesnt worship a God or Gods, Buddha is viewed as a Teacher
D. Nirvana The concept of the soul reaching a perfect state of being and becomingEnlightened. It is the release of allSelfishness and Pain. It ends the cycleof Reincarnation.This is just like the Hindu idea of moksha.
E. BUDDHIST VIEW OF NIRVANAIT MAY TAKE MANY LIFETIMES TOREACH NIRVANA, BUT IT CAN BEDONE IN JUST A SINGLE LIFETIME!
BUDDHAS TEACHINGSTHE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS- 1- LIFE IS SUFFERING
2- SUFFERING IS CAUSED BY DESIRE
3- END SUFFERING BY ENDING DESIRES
4- THE WAY TO ATTAIN ENLIGHTENMENT IS TO FOLLOW THE EIGHTFOLD PATH
B. The Eightfold PathWas Buddhas guide to behavior inorder to reach Nirvana. For most itwould take many lifetimes to follow, but could be done in a single lifetime.Includes codes for Wisdom, EthicalConduct and Mental Development.
C. Important ToolBuddhists use MEDITATION to follow Buddhas teachings.
Buddhisms InfluenceIn India it fades out but it did spread to other areas in Asia like China & Tibet, Japan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and others.
B. Cultural DiffusionThe spreading of ideas from oneplace to another.
Example: Buddhist Missionaries takeBuddhism from India to Japan
C. World RankingThere are around 400 million Buddhistsin the world today.