BP Handbook Meeting Zurich 4.6.2007. Workflow of the meeting What is a BP Handbook? Form of the BP Handbook Title of the sub chapters Presentation of

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  • BP HandbookMeeting Zurich 4.6.2007

  • Workflow of the meetingWhat is a BP Handbook?Form of the BP HandbookTitle of the sub chaptersPresentation of the technical suggestions to the first summary of 9.5.2007 from the partnersDiscussion

    AIM: Agreement on the content

  • What is a BP Handbook?What does European Reference Manual mean? Case studiesMethodologyCountry reports (see also WP3)Should the BP Hand book contain only published material???Difference between papers on the state of the art (WP3) and the BP Handbook? Should not drift in a too academic direction, but be very pragmatic for users who are not yet familiar with the matter?Should include the potential of geothermal energy across Europe for political decision makers?

    Comments Steering Committee ?

  • Comments on the titleTitle: Chapter 1 of the European Reference Manual for the development of Unconventional Geothermal Resources and Enhanced Geothermal SystemsChapter 1a of the Best Practice Handbook on the definition of innovative concepts for investigating geothermal energy (or site?)Chapter 1b of the Best Practice Handbook on generic studies for Unconventional Geothermal Resources and Enhanced Geothermal Systems in contrasting geo-environments in Europe

    Comments1. The title of the Part 1a seems to me not very precise. The point is that "innovative concepts" are equally applicable both to "Case studies" (Part 1a) and to "Generic studies" (Part 1b).Explanation of generic studies:Generic studies are performed when the real field situation cannot be accessed. This includes computer simulations, laboratory investigations and field experiments.Comments2. If the Part 1b is planned to be devoted to the methodological studies it is not necessary to include in the title the words "in contrasting geo-environments in Europe".Generic studies are a kind of theoretical (synthetic) studies. Sense of completely general studies? A general study always has to refer to a given problem (continental or site specific problem) with determined aspect of a problem by modeIing or lab measurements, etc.

  • Form of the BP HandbookDecision Steering Committee?

    Suggestion GFZ:

    BEST PRACTICE FOR THE STORAGE OF CO2 IN SALINE AQUIFERS Observations and guidelines from the SACS and CO2STORE projects

    (Edited and compiled by: Andy Chadwick, Rob Arts, Christian Bernstone, Franz May, Sylvain Thibeau & Peter Zweigel)

  • Form of BP Handbook Suggestion CO2

    The document is framed around a seven-stage template for site development, from initial project inception to eventual site closure, outlined below.

    1. Statement of storage aims and benefits 2. Site screening, ranking and selection 3. Site characterisation 4. Site design and planning consent 5. Site construction 6. Site operations 7. Site closure

    The document is based mainly on our experiences with a limited number of case-studies and, when considering its applicability to other potential storage sites,

  • Form of BP Handbook Suggestion CO2CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Introduction to the Case Studies 2 Sleipner (offshore Norway) 2 Kalundborg (onshore/offshore Denmark) 3 Mid-Norway (offshore Norway) 4 Schwarze Pumpe (onshore Germany) 5 Valleys (offshore UK) 7 2. STATEMENT OF STORAGE AIMS AND BENEFITS 9 2.1 Emissions reduction targets 9 2.1.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 10 Sleipner 10 Kalundborg 10 Mid-Norway 12 Schwarze Pumpe 12 Valleys 13 2.2 Local environmental impacts 13 3. SITE SCREENING, RANKING AND SELECTION 15 3.1 Storage Capacity 15 3.1.1 Principles of storage 16 3.1.2 Storage capacity calculation 17 3.1.3 Storage efficiency 20 3.1.4 Observations from the COSTORE case-studies 21 Sleipner 21 Kalundborg 23 Mid-Norway 25 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 25 Valleys 29 3.1.5 Generic Findings 29 3.2 Basic Reservoir Properties 30 3.2.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 30 Sleipner 30 Kalundborg 32 Mid-Norway 37 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 43 Valleys 45 3.2.2 Generic Findings 49 3.3 Basic Overburden Properties 50 3.3.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 50 Sleipner 50 Kalundborg 50 Mid-Norway 51 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 51 Valleys 53 3.4 Basic Reservoir flow simulations 53 3.4.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 54 Sleipner 54 Kalundborg 54 Mid-Norway 54 Generic study of dipping aquifers 63 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 64 Valleys 64 3.4.2 Generic Findings 64 3.5 Safety assessment of prospective CO2 storage sites 65 3.5.1 Risk and risk criteria 65 3.5.2 Health, Safety and Environmental risks with CO2 storage 65 3.5.3 Local HSE risks 66 3.5.4 Global HSE risks 66 3.5.5 Offshore and onshore issues 66 3.5.5.1 Offshore 67 3.5.5.2 Onshore 67 3.5.6 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 69 Kalundborg 69 Mid-Norway 69 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 70 Valleys 70 3.6 Conflicts of use 70 3.6.1 Contamination of other resources 70 3.6.2 Surface installations and pipeline routes 71 3.6.3 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 72 Sleipner 72 Kalundborg 72 Mid-Norway 74

  • Form of BP Handbook Suggestion CO2Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 74 Valleys 75 3.7 Costs 75 3.7.1 Observations from the CO2STORE Case-studies 75 Sleipner 75 Kalundborg 76 Mid-Norway 77 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 77 Valleys 78 3.7.2 Generic findings 79 4. SITE CHARACTERISATION 81 4.1 Geological characterisation of the site 81 4.1.1 Reservoir Structure 82 4.1.1.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 84 Sleipner 84 Kalundborg 85 Mid-Norway 87 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 87 Valleys 88 4.1.1.2 Generic findings 89 4.1.2 Reservoir properties 91 4.1.2.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 91 Sleipner 91 Kalundborg 94 Mid-Norway 95 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 97 Valleys 100 4.1.2.2 Generic findings 103 4.1.3 Overburden and caprock properties 105 4.1.3.1 Laboratory permeability testing 106 4.1.3.2 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 107 Sleipner 107 Kalundborg 112 Mid Norway 112 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 113 Valleys 116 4.1.3.3 Generic findings 117 4.2 Predictive Flow Modelling 119 4.2.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 120 Sleipner 120 Kalundborg 122 Mid-Norway 124 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 124 Valleys 129 4.2.2 Generic Findings 135 4.3 Geochemical assessment 135 4.3.1 Geochemical baseline characterisation of the storage site 137 4.3.1.1 Caprock and reservoir mineralogical composition 137 4.3.1.2 Reservoir porewater sampling 138 4.3.1.3 Caprock porewater analysis 138 4.3.1.4 Laboratory data to be acquired to assess the water chemistry 139 4.3.1.5 Prevailing pressure and temperature conditions in the reservoir and caprock and their physical properties 139 4.3.1.6 Characterisation of the CO2 to be injected 139 4.3.1.7 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 139 Sleipner 139 4.3.2 Reservoir reactivity 140 4.3.2.1 Assessment of initial geochemical status 141 4.3.2.2 Short term geochemical interactions 141 4.3.2.3 Long-term predictive modelling 142 4.3.2.4 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 143 Sleipner 143 Kalundborg 143 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 143 4.3.3. Caprock reactivity 145 4.3.3.1 Assessment of the initial geochemical status 146 4.3.3.2 Short term geochemical interactions 146 4.3.3.3 Long term geochemical modelling 146

  • Form of BP Handbook Suggestion CO24.3.3.4 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 147 Sleipner 147 Kalundborg 148 Valleys 148 4.3.4 Chemical reactions within faults and fractures 149 4.3.4.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 150 Valleys 150 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 151 4.3.5 Generic findings 151 4.4 Geomechanical Assessment 152 4.4.1 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 152 Sleipner 152 4.5 Characterisation phase risk assessment 153 4.5.1 Working steps of the FEP method 153 4.5.2 Evaluation of consequences versus environmental criteria 153 4.5.3 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 154 Sleipner 154 Kalundborg 154 Mid Norway 156 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 156 Valleys 165 4.5.4 Generic conclusions 168 4.6 Monitoring Programme design 169 4.6.1 Deep-focussed methods 172 4.6.1.1 4D surface seismic 172 4.6.1.2 Multi-component seismic 172 4.6.1.3 Microseismic monitoring 173 4.6.1.4 Surface microgravimetric monitoring 173 4.6.1.5 Well-based monitoring 174 4.6.1.6 Observations from the CO2STORE case-studies 174 Sleipner 174 4.6.2 Shallow focussed methods 177 4.6.2.1 Detection of CO2 in the atmosphere and/or sea-water 177 4.6.2.2 Detection of CO2 at the surface or in the shallow subsurface 178 4.7 Transport 178 4.7.1 Pipeline 179 4.7.1.1 Pipeline route 179 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 179 4.7.1.2 Determination of optimal pipeline diameter 180 Kalundborg 180 4.7.1.3 Costs 181 Kalundborg 181 Schwarze Pumpe (Schweinrich) 183 4.7.2 Ship 183 5. SITE DESIGN AND PLANNING CONSENT 185 5.1 Design 185 Sleipner 185 5.2 Planning Consent 185 5.2.1 National 185 Sleipner 186 Kalundborg 186 5.2.2 International 188 Kalundborg 189 6. SITE CONSTRUCTION 191 7. OPERATIONS PHASE 193 7.1 Operation and maintenance of pipeline and injection facilities 193 7.1.1 Measurement of injected CO2 193 7.2 Monitoring 194 7.2.1 Time-lapse surface seismic monitoring 194 7.2.1.1 Imaging CO2 distribution and migration 196 7.2.1.2 Quantitative assessments 203 7.2.1.3 Other analysis 209 Pre-stack trace inversion 209 Pre-stack Depth Migration 212 Timeshift analysis 214 Reflection strength analysis and advanced display options 215 AVO analysis and elastic inversion 217 Analysis of velocity anisotropy 217 Super-resolution mapping of thin CO2 accumulations 219 7.2.2 Time-lapse seabed gravimetry 220 7.2.3 Generic findings 224 7.3 Flow simulations history-matched to monitoring data 225

  • Form of BP Handbook Suggestion CO27.3.1 History-matching monitoring datasets 225 7.3.1.1 Simulation tools used at Sleipner 225 7.3.1.2 Fluid and transport properties 227 7.3.1.3 Flow modelling 228 7.3.1.4 Simulation of

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