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Bierlein: What is Myth? • Language and Myth • Time and Myth • Sacred Time vs. Profane Time • History and Myth • Civic Myth • Morality and Myth

Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

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Page 1: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Bierlein: What is Myth?

• Language and Myth• Time and Myth• Sacred Time vs. Profane Time• History and Myth• Civic Myth• Morality and Myth

Page 2: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

the projection of human features or qualities on the divine

Mean = 2.8214

1 2 3 4

0% 0%

82%

18%

1. theriomorphism2. personification3. anthropomorphism4. aetiology

Page 3: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

A separate time for a separate reality that transcends everyday routine

Mean = 1.069

1 2 3

93%

0%7%

1. sacred2. profane3. mealtime

Page 4: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Which of the following is not an example of sacred time?

Mean = 2.1379

1 2 3 4

0%7%

0%

93%

1. Christian Eucharist2. a wristwatch3. the Jewish Sabbath4. a football game

Page 5: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Bierlein: What is Myth?

• Language and Myth• Time and Myth• Sacred Time vs. Profane Time• History and Myth• Civic Myth• Morality and Myth

Page 6: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Myths, History and Material Culture

Was there a Troy?Was there a Trojan War?Was there a Trojan Horse?

Was there a labyrinth?Was there a minotaur?Was there a King Minos?

Page 7: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Troy (Ilium)

Iliad = the story of Ilium

Page 8: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Odysseus’ Boar Tusk Helmet

Page 9: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Heinrich Schliemann

Born: January 6, 1822 in Neu-Buckow / Mecklenburg, Germany Died: December 26, 1890 in Naples / Italy

Page 10: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth
Page 11: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Hissarlik

Page 12: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth
Page 13: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth
Page 14: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth
Page 15: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth
Page 16: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth
Page 17: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Troy Today

Page 18: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Priam’s Gold

Troy “Rich in Gold”

Page 19: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Important Dates• c.2000 B.C. Troy II (Priam’s Troy?)• c.1250 B.C. Troy VIIa destroyed by fire• 1183 B.C. Traditional Date for the Fall of Troy • 1871-1873 Schliemann excavates at Hissarlik• 1945 Priam’s Treasure disappears in the ruins of

Berlin• 1993 Treasure reappears in Pushkin Museum in

Moscow

Page 21: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

World Tricksters

• Sisyphus• Hermes (Mercury)• Prometheus• Shaharazade• Anansi (Beirlein 159-165)

• Maui (Bierlein 111-115)

• Coyote• Brer Rabbit

Why are almost all tricksters MALE?

Page 23: Bierlein: What is Myth? Language and Myth Time and Myth Sacred Time vs. Profane Time History and Myth Civic Myth Morality and Myth

Trickster Characteristics

• a mischievous or roguish figure• vulgar but sacred• makes up for physical weakness

with cunning and subversive humor

• alternates between cleverness and stupidity, kindness and cruelty, deceiver and deceived, breaker of taboos and creator of culture