Biblical Hebrew Lesson 2

  • View
    71

  • Download
    13

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Biblical Hebrew Lesson 2. The Hebrew Café thehebrewcafe.com/forum. א. Textbook: Cook & Holmstedt’s Biblical Hebrew: A Student Grammar (2009) Found here online: http://individual.utoronto.ca/holmstedt/Textbook.html. Review חֲזָרָה. The Hebrew Café thehebrewcafe.com/forum. חֲזָרָה. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Biblical Hebrew Lesson 2

Lesson 1

Biblical HebrewLesson 2The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumTextbook: Cook & Holmstedts Biblical Hebrew: A Student Grammar (2009)Found here online: http://individual.utoronto.ca/holmstedt/Textbook.html

ReviewThe Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSlide 22

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumAnswer the following about the last lesson:

Recite the alphabet in order. (Can you write it?)

What are the begedkefet ( ) letters and why are they special?

How many letters have two different forms, and what are these letters? What is the second form used for?

What letters are these?

What names are spelled out here? Slide 3

Hebrew Vowels The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSlide 44

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumThere are basically five full vowel sounds in Hebrew. They are the same as those in Spanish (a, e, i, o, u). You should not think of them like the vowels in English, in which a might sound like apple. They are consistent and do not change between words (as we have apple, want and acorn with no predictability in terms of the sound of the letter a). In Hebrew a always sounds like the a in the word father.Slide 5a = father or wante = sent or meti = unique or machineo = hope or droveu = flute or suit

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSlide 6ClassSoundLongShortHalfaa \ ie \ i \ -uo \ u \ -

Syllabification The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSlide 7

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSyllablesWe dont think too much about syllables in English. To tell the truth, Israelis dont think about them much in Hebrew either!

When you study biblical Hebrew, you need to know a few things about syllables.

A syllable can be either open or closed.

An open syllable ends in a vowel; a closed syllable ends in a consonant. Simple as that!

If we let C be a consonant and v be a vowel, we have:Cv (open)orCvC (closed)Slide 8

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSyllables (cont.)Every syllable in Hebrew begins with a consonant (with only one exception).

In the word davar, we have two syllables: |. The first () is open, since it ends in a vowel (Cv). The second () is closed, since it ends in a consonant (CvC).

In the word malkah, we have two syllables: |. The first () is closed, since it ends in a consonant (CvC). The second () is open, since it ends in a vowel (Cv).

Notes:Vowel letters (such as the in ) do not count as consonants.Sheva usually closes a syllable in the middle of a word.Slide 9

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSyllables (cont.)

Examples from the Vocabulary

two syllables: first open; second closed |

three syllables: first closed; second open; third closed ||

two syllables: first open; second closed |

two syllables: first closed; second open |The dagesh represents doubled shin.

two syllables: first open; second closed |Half vowels and sheva do not count for full syllables.Slide 10

Verbless Clauses The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSlide 11

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumIntroductionIn English, all true sentences have verbs (words that indicates actions or states of being).

This isnt the case in Hebrew. In Hebrew, we can make sentences without verbs, as long as we have a noun as the subject and something in the predicate.

He doctor. = He is a doctor.

They my friends. = They are my friends.

She beautiful. = She is beautiful.

This is found on page 11 of the book with the sentence .Slide 12

Goals of Lesson 2 The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumSlide 13

The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumThe second lessons goals are basically as follows:

Learn the nikkud (the marks that represent the vowel sounds).

Uses of Sheva.

Dividing words into syllables.

Verbless clauses.

Welcome to Hebrew!!!Slide 14

Biblical HebrewLesson 2The Hebrew Cafthehebrewcafe.com/forumTextbook: Cook & Holmstedts Biblical Hebrew: A Student Grammar (2009)Found here online: http://individual.utoronto.ca/holmstedt/Textbook.html