Belgium - â€؛ gov â€؛ GAAG2013_CFS_BEL.pdfآ  Belgium Belgium Belgium has the oldest Independent Fiscal

  • View
    0

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Belgium - â€؛ gov â€؛ GAAG2013_CFS_BEL.pdfآ  Belgium Belgium Belgium has the oldest...

  • Government at a Glance 2013

    Country Fact Sheet

    Strategic Governance

    Women in Government

    Public Finance & Economics

    Public Procurement

    Budget Practices & Procedures

    Open and Inclusive Government

    Public Employment & Pay

    Serving Citizens

    Did you know?

    Average of OECD countries in green

    Country value in blue (not represented if not available)

    Range of OECD country values in grey

    www.oecd.org/gov/govataglance.htm

    How to read the figures: OECD Values have been rounded

    Trust in government

    Fiscal sustainability

    Public sector efficiency

    Impact of the tax system and grants on reducing income inequality% of citizens who have confi dence in their national government (2007 & 2012)

    Education: performance in PISA reading scores and expenditure per student (aged 6 to 15) in USD PPP (2009)

    Source: Gallup World Poll

    Source: OECD Education at a Glance 2012

    Source: OECD Income Distribution Database

    Source: OECD Economic Outlook No. 93 (May 2013)

    Total consolidation requirements between 2012 and 2030 in order to reduce government debt to 60% of GDP

    Differences in income inequality before and after tax and government transfers (2010)

    Strategic Governance

    0.2

    0.3

    0.4

    0.5

    0.6

    0.2

    0.3

    0.4

    0.5

    0.6 Gini Coefficient Gini Coefficient

    Higher inequality

    Higher inequality

    Lower inequality

    Lower inequality

    Before After Before After

    OECD

    0.47

    0.31 taxe

    s and tran

    sfer s

    0.26

    0.48

    taxe s and

    tran sfer

    s

    Belgium

    0

    5

    10

    15

    % of potential GDP

    3.0% OECD

    2.2% Belgium

    Expenditure per student aged 6 to 15 (USD PPP)

    PISA Reading Score

    0 50 000 100 000 150 000 200 000 400

    450

    500

    550 Higher score

    Lower score

    OECD

    PISA Reading

    Expenditure

    495 USD 83 500

    506 USD 93 100 Belgium

    Belgium

    Belgium has the oldest Independent Fiscal Institution among OECD countries, it was

    established in 1936.

    Belgium is one of the most decentralised OECD countries; in terms of public investment, state and local government investment accounts for

    over 90% of total government investment.

    Trust in government in Belgium decreased from 60% to 44% over the 2007-12 period, one of the largest decreases within the OECD.

    Percentage point change 2007-20120 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

    %

    0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 %

    45

    40

    2007

    2012 -5

    OECD

    -16 2007

    2012 44

    60

    Belgium

    Belgium

  • Public Finance and Economics

    Structure of government expenditures (2011) % of total government expenditure

    Government revenues (2011)

    Government expenditures (2011)

    Fiscal balance (2011)

    Government debt (2011)

    % of GDP % of GDP % of GDP % of GDP

    Source: OECD National Accounts Source: OECD National Accounts Source: OECD National Accounts Source: OECD National Accounts

    Source: OECD National Accounts

    Budget Practices and Procedures Fiscal rules: Types and legal foundation (2012) Use of performance budgeting practices

    at the central level of government (2011)

    Index

    Source: OECD 2012 Survey on Budget Practices and Procedures Source: OECD 2011 Survey on Performance Budgeting

    20% 30% 40% 50% 60%

    OECD

    41.9%

    49.5% Belgium

    20% 30% 40% 50% 60%

    OECD

    45.4%

    53.4% Belgium

    OECD

    -15% -10% 0%-5% +5% +10% +15%

    -3.5%

    -3.9% Belgium

    0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250%

    OECD 79% 100%

    0%

    102% Belgium

    100%

    0%

    Social protection

    HealthEducation

    General public services

    Economic affairs

    Public order and safety

    Defence Other

    35.6%

    5.9%

    3.9%

    3.6%

    14.5%12.5%

    13.6%

    10.5%

    OECD

    4.5% Other

    1.8% Defence

    3.4%

    Public order and safety

    12.3% Economic

    affairs

    15.0% General

    public services

    11.6% Education

    14.8% Health

    36.6% Social

    protection

    Belgium

    In how many countries do these types of rules exist?

    If yes, what is the legal foundation?

    Do these types of rules exist?

    Expenditure rule(s)

    Revenue rule(s)

    Budget balance rule(s)

    Debt rule(s)

    Legal foundations:

    Constitution International Treaty

    Primary and/or Secondary Legislation

    Internal Rules/Policy

    Political Commitment

    C IT L R PC

    21

    5

    28

    23

    OECD

    ITITYES

    C RYES

    NO

    NO

    Belgium

    0.0

    0.1

    0.2

    0.3

    0.4

    0.5

    0.6

    0.7

    0.38

    OECD 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7

    0.26

    Belgium

    0.0

    0.1

    0.2

    0.3

    0.4

    0.5

    0.6

    0.7

  • Public Employment and Pay Employment in general government (2011)

    % of labour force

    Annual compensation across central government positions (2011)

    Source: OECD 2012 Survey on Compensation of Employees in Centrtall/Federal Governments

    Source: International Labour Organisation Database & OECD Labour Force Statistics

    2011 USD PPP

    Women in Government Share of women in general government (2010) Share of ministers who are women (2012)

    Source: International Labour Organisation Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union Parline Database

    % of general government employment % of ministers

    Public Procurement Procurement expenditure (2011) Use of innovative procurement tools in central government (2012)

    % of government expenditures functionalities in e-procurement systems

    Source: OECD National Accounts Source: OECD 2012 Survey on Public Procurement

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%

    OECD

    29.0%25.2%

    Belgium

    Procurement plans are published

    Yes, in national central e-procurement systems Yes,in e-procurement systems of speci�c procuring entities No

    Tenders are announced

    Bids can be submitted

    electronically

    Invoices can be submitted

    electronically

    20 8

    10

    32 7 0

    16 13 6

    8 10 15OECD

    Belgium

    56.8% OECD

    50%

    0%

    100%

    56.7% Belgium

    24.9% OECD

    50%

    0%

    100%

    41.7% Belgium

    50%

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    15.5% OECD

    17.3% Belgium

    232 000126 00089 00050 000

    OECDOECDOECDOECD

    Middle managers (D3 positions)

    Senior managers (D1 positions)

    Senior professionalsSecretaries (general office clerks)

    2011 USD PPP

    0

    100 000

    200 000

    300 000

    400 000

    320 000182 000138 00065 000

    BelgiumBelgiumBelgiumBelgium

  • Open and Inclusive Government Asset disclosure: Level of disclosure of private interests

    and public availability of information (2012)

    Source: OECD 2012 Survey on Confl ict of Interest Disclosure

    Serving Citizens: quality of public services

    out of pocket expenditure as a % of fi nal household consumption

    Access to medical care (2011) Citizen take-up of e-government services (2012) % of individuals using the internet to interact with public authorities

    Satisfaction and confidence across public services (2012) % of citizens expressing confi dence/satisfaction

    Source: OECD Health Statistics 2013 Source: Eurostat and OECD

    Source: World Gallup Poll

    Government at a Glance 2013 With a focus on public administration, OECD Government at a Glance 2013 provides readers with a dashboard of key indicators assembled with the

    goal of contributing to the analysis and international comparison of public sector performance across OECD countries. Indicators on public finances

    and employment are provided alongside composite indexes summarising aspects of public management policies, and indicators on service quality

    in education, health, taxation and justice. Government at a Glance 2013 also includes indicators on key governance and public management

    issues, such as strategice governance, budgeting, compensation in the public service, public procurement and open government.

    www.oecd.org/gov/govataglance.htm

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/gov_glance-2013-en

    For background data and to consult this publication on line:

    For more information and to consult all other Country Fact Sheets:

    v1.13/11/13

    50% OECD

    100%

    0%

    25%

    50%

    75%

    50% Belgium

    40%

    66%71%

    51% 72%

    National government

    Judicial system Local police

    Health care Education system

    OECD range

    OECD

    44%

    69%87%

    46% 76%20 40

    60

    80

    100

    Belgium

    2.9%

    OECD0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5%

    3.7%

    Belgium

    100

    75

    50

    25

    0

    51 OECD

    29 Belgium

    Low level Middle level High level

    0 10 20 30 40