Behaviourism Cognitivism Constructivism Learning Theory.

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    03-Jan-2016

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<ul><li><p>BehaviourismCognitivismConstructivismLearning Theory</p></li><li><p>BehaviourismSkinner. Early c20AntecedantBehaviourConsequence-+</p></li><li><p>Newcastle United Football ClubStimulus</p><p>0 = x2 + 3x + 2Newcastle United Football Club0 = x2 + 3x + 2Response</p><p>X=-1,-2Aarrgghh !!Ha !Haway the lads !after learningBehaviourism</p></li><li><p>BehaviourismThe FactsSkinner defined learning as change in observable behaviourClasses of behaviour (1) operant (2) respondentEvidence of learning outcomes only measurable from students behaviourNo consideration of mental processes involvedLearning happens when a correct response is shown following the presentation of a stimulus.</p></li><li><p>BehaviourismToolbook demo</p></li><li><p>BehaviourismApplicationsDrill and practiceRecalling FactsUse of consequences HINTSChaining of complex behaviours - better in elementary school than HE, better in prison than in workplace ! (Driscoll)Personalised System of Instruction (PSI) Fred Keller (1968) - Modular degrees each with behavioural objectives. Emphasis on individual study.</p></li><li><p>Good SolutionsBehaviourism+A tricky exercisePartial SuccessHint, Encouragement+ExercisesExample Solution+ve Reinforcement</p></li><li><p>ExerciseSolution 1FeedbackSolution 2Solution 3+--BehaviourismShaping</p></li><li><p>Read RecipeWeigh out IngredientsBehaviourismChainingMix IngredientsForm PastaRaw PastaCooked Pasta</p></li><li><p>BehaviourismCognitivismConstructivismLearning Theory</p></li><li><p>CognitivismMid c20Information Processing ModelHuman mind functions line a computerGoal - Understanding of Human Mind</p></li><li><p>CognitivismThe FactsConcerned with internal processesSenses + lower levels of mind make representationsHigher levels of mind work on these symbols</p></li><li><p>CognitivismVisual SystemTop-down processingBottom-up processingImage dataPipe</p></li><li><p>CognitivismSymbol ProcessorPipeMouthHolmesTobaccoHealth WarningPiagetLearningTheory</p></li><li><p>CognitivismSchemasPipeDrinkingHolmesTobaccoHealth WarningPiagetLearningTheory</p></li></ul>

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