Baroque Art Major Artists Bernini Rembrandt Rubens Caravaggio Style Themes Encourage Faith "Catholic Art sensual Capture action and emotion Chiascuro:

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Slide 2 Slide 3 Baroque Art Major Artists Bernini Rembrandt Rubens Caravaggio Style Themes Encourage Faith "Catholic Art sensual Capture action and emotion Chiascuro: Contrast between light and dark Slide 4 Baroque 1600 1750. From a Portuguese word barocca, meaning a pearl of irregular shape. Implies strangeness, irregularity, and extravagance. The more dramatic, the better! Marries advanced techniques and grand scale of the Renaissance w/ the emotion, intensity and drama of Mannerism Slide 5 Baroque Style of Art & Architecture Dramatic, emotional. Colors were brighter than bright; darks were darker than dark. Counter-Reformation art. Paintings & sculptures in church contexts should speak to the illiterate rather than to the well- informed. Ecclesiastical art --> appeal to emotions. Slide 6 St. Peters Basilica, Vatican City by Gianlorenzo Bernini Slide 7 1600 Catholic popes finance magnificent cathedrals and grand works Catholic popes finance magnificent cathedrals and grand works Why? Why? Counter-Reformations triumph Counter-Reformations triumph Attract new worshippers w/ must-see architecture Attract new worshippers w/ must-see architecture Slide 8 In France Absolute monarchs use it to glorify themselves Absolute monarchs use it to glorify themselves Power and grandeur of the king is most impressive Power and grandeur of the king is most impressive Slide 9 Catholics vs. Protestants Flanders: Flanders: Catholic Catholic Religious art flourishes Religious art flourishes RubensRubens England and Holland England and Holland Protestant Protestant Religion images forbidden Religion images forbidden Still-lifes, portraits, landscapes, themes from daily life Still-lifes, portraits, landscapes, themes from daily life RembrandtRembrandt Slide 10 Church of Santiago de Compostella, Spain Slide 11 Church of Veltenberg Altar, Germany Slide 12 Interior of a Dominican Church in Vilnius Slide 13 Calling of St. Matthew Caravaggio Ordinary people, everyday events. Faith open to all! Slide 14 The Cardsharps Caravaggio, 1595 Slide 15 Christ on the Cross Diego Velzquez, 1632 Slide 16 Las Meninas Diego Velzquez 1656 Slide 17 Valazquez, Pope Innocent X Slide 18 Francis Bacon, 1953 Slide 19 The Elevation of the Cross by Peter Paul Reubens 1610-11 Slide 20 Descent from the Cross 1612 Ominously dark sky Christ is central figure Tragic theme Spot-light on Christ Emotional Powerful Slide 21 The Ecstasy of St. Theresa of Avila by Gianlorenzo Bernini 1647-52 Slide 22 More on St.Theresa St. Theresa: saw vision and heard voices Pieced by angels dart filling her with divine love The pain was so great that I screamed aloud; but at the same time I felt such infinite sweetness that I wished the pain to last forever. Your reaction? Slide 23 Vermeer Protestant or Catholic? WHY? Slide 24 Rembrandt The Nightwatch The Nightwatch 1642 1642 Slide 25 A Bust of Louis XIV by Bernini Slide 26 A Bust of Cardinal Richelieu by Bernini Slide 27 Louis XIV Hyacinthe Rigauld Slide 28 The greatest David (at least in Peris humble opinion) Slide 29 Bernini, The Rape of Proserpine How do you do this in marble? Slide 30 Bust of Cardinal Scipione Borghese