“Automated driving – What comes first : cars or standards ?”

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Automated driving What comes first : cars or standards ?. The Future Networked Car 2014 Geneva International Motor Show Jack Pokrzywa SAE International. Todays (near) reality. Todays (near) reality. In the US: - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Automated driving What comes first: cars or standards?

The Future Networked Car 2014Geneva International Motor Show

Jack PokrzywaSAE InternationalSAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 20141Todays (near) reality2 SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014Todays (near) reality3 In the US:California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014Todays (near) reality4No European legislation yetThe Vienna Convention Article 8.5: Every driver shall at all times, be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals. In the US:California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014Todays (near) reality5No European legislation yetThe Vienna Convention Article 8.5: Every driver shall at all times, be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals. In the US:California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.Japan Revitalization Strategy:"development of advanced highway safety systems (AHSS) and automated driving systems and improvement of the environment with these systems.SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014 Is there foundation to move forward?China:government plans to test autonomous vehicles on public road between Beijing and Tianjin, about 120km (75 miles) away.Todays (near) reality6No European legislation yetThe Vienna Convention Article 8.5: Every driver shall at all times, be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.Japan Revitalization Strategy:"development of advanced highway safety systems (AHSS) and automated driving systems and improvement of the environment with these systems.In the US:California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014Articles that touch the introduction of automation in vehicles are:

Article 8: Drivers ARTICLE 8.1: Every moving vehicle or combination of vehicles shall have a driver. ARTICLE 8.5: Every driver shall at all times be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.

Article 13: Speed and distance between vehicles ARTICLE 13.1: Every driver of a vehicle shall in all circumstances have his vehicle under control so as to be able to exercise due and proper care and to be at all times in a position to perform all manoeuvres required of him. He shall, when adjusting the speed of his vehicle, pay constant regard to the circumstances, in particular the lie of the land, the state of the road, the condition and load of his vehicle, the weather conditions and the density of traffic, so as to be able to stop his vehicle within his range of forward vision and short of any foreseeable obstruction. He shall slow down and if necessary stop whenever circumstances so require, and particularly when visibility is not good. ARTICLE 13.5: The driver of a vehicle moving behind another vehicle shall keep at a sufficient distance from that other vehicle to avoid collision if the vehicle in front should suddenly slow down or stop.6V2VWhat standards are needed?7Sensors accuracy and reliabilityPositioning systems accuracy and reliabilityVehicle Cloud interfacesDriver DistractionElectronic system reliabilityHMIPrivacyEntire vehicle system interoperabilityPowertrain system interoperabilityData SecurityFuture vehicle vs existing fleetsSAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014a question remains: What gets standardized, and what remains part of the branded experience controlled by manufacturers? 7Current path (US)8Innovation/Research/TestingStandardsLegislationCommercializationMarket acceptanceSAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014Optimal path (US)9Innovation/Research/TestingStandardsLegislationCommercializationMarket acceptanceSAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014SAE On-Road Automated Vehicle Standards Committee10 global vehicle manufacturers11 global vehicle suppliers 28 government regulating, agencies, research organizations, wireless providersSAE J3018Safety Guidelines for the On-Road testing of Prototype Models of Fully Automated Vehicles (in-progress)SAE J3016Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to On-Road Motor Vehicle Automated Driving Systems (published, January 2014)SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014LEVELS OF DRIVING AUTOMATION FOR ON-ROAD VEHICLES - SAE J301611Human Driver monitors the driving environmentSAE LevelSAE NameSAE Narrative DefinitionExecution of Steering/Acceleration/DecelerationMonitoring ofDrivingEnvironmentFallbackPerformance ofDynamicDriving TaskSystem capability (driving modes)BAStLevelNTHSALevelAutomated driving system (system) monitors the driving environmentNo Automationthe full-time performance by the human driver of all aspects of the dynamic driving taskHuman DriverHuman DriverHuman DriverN/ADriver only0the driving mode-specific execution by a driverassistance system of either steering oracceleration/decelerationDriverAssistanceHuman Driver and SystemsHuman Driver Human Driver Some Driving ModesAssisted1012345Partial AutomationPart-time or driving mode-dependent execution by one or more driver assistance systems of both steering and acceleration/deceleration. Human driver performs all other aspects of the dynamic driving task.SystemHuman DriverHuman DriverSome Driving ModesPartially Automated2Conditional Automationdriving mode-specific performance by anautomated driving system of all aspects of thedynamic driving task - human driver does respond appropriately to a request to interveneSystemSystemHuman DriverSome Driving ModesHighly Automated3High Automationdriving mode-specific performance by anautomated driving system of all aspects of thedynamic driving task - human driver does not respond appropriately to a request to interveneSystemSystemSystemSome Driving ModesFully AutomatedFull Automationfull-time performance by an automated drivingsystem of all aspects of the dynamic driving taskunder all roadway and environmental conditions that can be managed by a human driverSystemSystemSystemSome Driving Modes3/4

SAE INTERNATIONAL Copyright 2014 Copyright 2014BAsT - Federal Highway Research Institute (die Bundesanstalt fr Straenwesen)

4.4 DYNAMIC DRIVING TASKAll of the real-time functions required to operate a vehicle in on-road traffic, excluding the selection of destinations andwaypoints (i.e., navigation or route planning) and including without limitation: Object and event detection, recognition, and classification; Object and event response; Maneuver planning; Steering, turning, lane keeping, and lane changing; Acceleration and deceleration; Enhancing conspicuity (lighting, signaling and gesturing, etc.).

Level 3 - EXAMPLE: A vehicle equipped with an automated driving system capable of performing the complete dynamic driving task in low-speed traffic, such as in stop-and-go urban or freeway traffic.Level 4 EXAMPLES: A vehicle equipped with an automated driving system capable of performing the complete dynamic driving task during a valet parking operation (i.e., curb-to-door or vice versa) without any human agency or monitoring. (Note: The presence of a human driver in the vehicle during the parking maneuver is not required as a technical matter.)Level 5 EXAMPLES: A vehicle with an automated driving system that, once programmed with a destination, is capable of fully performing the dynamic driving task throughout complete trips on public roadways, regardless of the starting and end points or intervening road, traffic, and weather conditions.

1112Thank you.Jack PokrzywaDirectorUS TAG ISO TC22 ChairpersonGlobal Ground Vehicle StandardsSAE INTERNATIONAL755 West Big Beaver Road, Suite 1600 Troy, MI 48084o +1.248.273.2460m+1.248.219.2412ejackp@sae.org

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