Aurora The magnificent northern lights Geoscience on parade: The ...

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<ul><li><p>THE EGGS 1</p><p>Aurora The magnificent northern lightsGeoscience on parade:</p><p>What happened when more than 11,000 earth scientists gathered in Nice last year </p><p>The Future of Geosciences </p></li><li><p>THE EGGS 2</p><p>EGU News</p><p>News</p><p>Journal Watch</p><p>Aurora - The magnificent northern lights Ioannis Daglis and Syun-Ichi Akasofu on the splendors of aurora </p><p>Geoscience on parade:What happened when more than 11,000 earth scientists gathered in Nice last year An account by Oliver Morton </p><p>The Future of Geosciences New Report on the future of geosciences from the International </p><p>Union of Geodesy and Geophysics(IUGG) </p><p>Education</p><p>Book Reviews</p><p>Web Watch</p><p>Events</p><p>3</p><p>4</p><p>11</p><p>12</p><p>19</p><p>24</p><p>27</p><p>28</p><p>31</p><p>32</p><p>THE EGGS | ISSUE 7 | MARCH 2004</p><p>Cover photo: Aurora in Manitoba, Canada. Warren Justice</p><p> European Geosciences Union, 2004</p><p>Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged, save where otherwise stated. Where prior permission must be obtained for the reproduction or use of textual and multimedia information (sound, images, software, etc.), such permission shall cancel the abovementioned general permission and indicate clearly any restrictions on use. </p><p>EDITORS Managing Editor: Kostas KourtidisDepartment of Environmental Engineering, School of EngineeringDemokritus University of ThraceVas. Sofias 12, GR-67100 Xanthi, Greecetel. +30-25410-79383, fax. +30-25410-79379email: kourtidis@the-eggs.org Assistant Editor: Magdeline PokarBristol Glaciology Center,School of Geographical Sciences, University of BristolUniversity RoadBristol, BS8 1SS, United Kingdomtel. +44(0)117 928 8186, fax. +44(0)117 928 7878email: M.Pokar@bristol.ac.uk Hydrological Sciences: Guenther BloeschlInstitut fur Hydraulik, Gewasserkunde und WasserwirtschaftTechnische Universitat Wien Karlsplatz 13/223, A-1040 Wien, Austriatel. +43-1-58801-22315, fax. +43-1-58801-22399email: bloeschl@hydro.tuwien.ac.at Biogeosciences: Jean-Pierre GattusoLaboratoire dOceanographie de Villefranche, UMR 7093 CNRS-UPMC B. P. 28, F-06234 Villefranche-sur-mer Cedex France tel. +33-(0)493763859, fax. +33-(0)493763834email: gattuso@obs-vlfr.frGeodesy: Susanna Zerbini Department of Physics, Sector of Geophysics University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 8 40127 Bologna, Italy tel. +39-051-2095019, fax +39-051-2095058e-mail: zerbini@df.unibo.it Geodynamics: Bert L.A. Vermeersen Delft University of Technology DEOS - Fac. Aerospace Engineering Astrodynamics and Satellite Systems Kluyverweg 1, NL-2629 HS Delft The Netherlands tel. +31-15-2788272 fax. +31-15-2785322 8e-mail: B.Vermeersen@lr.tudelft.nl Atmospheric Sciences: Hans Xiang-Yu Huang Danish Meteorological Institute, Lyngbyvej 100, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmarktel. +45-39157423, fax. +45-39157460 e-mail: xyh@dmi.dk Seismology: Marco Mucciarelli Universita della Basilicata Di.S.G.GCampus Macchia Romana, 85100 Potenza Italytel. (39) 0971-205094, fax. (39) 0971-205070 e-mail: mucciarelli@unibas.it Climate: Yu Shaocai Atmospheric Sciences Modeling Division (E243-01), National Exposure Research Laboratory U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyRTP, NC 27711, USA tel. +1-919-541-0362, fax. +1-919-541-1379 e-mail: yu.shaocai@epamail.epa.gov Atmospheric Chemistry: Kostas Kourtidis Department of Environmental Engineering,School of Engineering, Demokritus University of ThraceVas. Sofias 12, GR-67100 Xanthi, Greecetel. +30-25410-79383, fax. +30-25410-79379 e-mail: kourtidi@env.duth.gr GENERAL CONTACT For general matters please contact Kostas Kourtidis, at: kourtidis@the-eggs.org SUBMISSION OF MATERIAL For material submission, please contact the Editor-in-chief or the appropriate Section Editor.ADVERTISING For advertising information, please contact: adinfo@the-eggs.org TECHNICAL For technical questions, please contact: support@dotsoft.gr </p></li><li><p>THE EGGS 3</p><p>The sites of the Assembly have been greatly improved as compared to the EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly 2003:</p><p>- posters, exhibition, additional meeting and lecture rooms and large Internet and Wlan sites are now located in an additional 10.000 sqm building, the Exhibition Centre.</p><p>- the tent on Esplanade is for registration only with separate space for pre- and on-site registrants</p><p>- the Congress Centre is reserved for oral sessions only with AGORA 2 and 3 for seating and Wlan areas.</p><p>All poster boards are now landscape of 2 m (width) x 1 m (height) in size, put up in a straight rather than in a zick-zack arrangement, plus a power socket for additional Laptop/Mac presentations.</p><p>Thus, for EGU 2004 there will be 10.000 sqm more space for posters and the exhibition, more lecture and meeting rooms, better catering facilities and more science to enjoy.</p><p>The deadline for submission of abstracts expired on 11 January 2004. The deadlines for pre-registration and for pre-hotel booking are 08 April 2004 (on-site registration and booking of accommodation on-site is, of course, also possible).</p><p>More info on the Assembly, to take place in Nice, France, 25 - 30 April 2004, can be found at</p><p>www.copernicus.org/EGU/ga/egu04</p><p>EGU Meeting Office </p><p>Improved Meeting Sitesat the forthcoming EGU Assembly </p><p>The sites of the Nice EGU Assembly 2004 have been greatly improved as compared to the EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly 2003 </p><p>New open access journal of the European Geosciences Union: </p><p>Biogeosciences (BG) The editorial board announces the launch of a new journal on biogeosciences </p><p>12 March 2004.- It is our pleasure to announce the launch of a new open access journal of the European Geosciences Union: Biogeosciences (BG).</p><p>The main fields covered are:- Biodiversity and ecosystem function- Biogeochemistry- Biogeophysics- Earth system sciences- Paleobiogeosciences- Astrobiology and ExobiologyBiogeosciences has an innovative </p><p>two-stage publication process which involves a scientific discussion forum (Biogeosciences Discussions) and exploits the full potential of the Internet to:</p><p> - foster scientific discussion, - enhance the effectiveness and </p><p>transparency of scientific quality assurance,</p><p> - enable rapid publication, - make scientific publications freely </p><p>accessible, - offer an efficient new way of </p><p>publishing special issuesThis proccess has already beeen </p><p>applied, with great success, to EGUs journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP).</p><p>Authors are invited to submit their best papers for publication in Biogeosciences. Detailed information is available on the journal web site: </p><p>http://www.copernicus.org/EGU/bg/</p><p>Jean-Pierre Gattuso and Juergen Kesselmeier</p><p>Co-Editors-in-Chief, Biogeosciences</p><p>bg-chief-editors@copernicus.org </p><p>http://www.copernicus.org/EGU/ga/egu04 http://www.copernicus.org/EGU/ga/egu04 bg-chief-editors@copernicus.org bg-chief-editors@copernicus.org </p></li><li><p>THE EGGS 4</p><p>18 November 2003.- Young researchers in the natural and social sciences and humanities announced the formation of the World Academy of Young Scientists (WAYS) on the closing session of the World Science Forum. </p><p>Speaking in the Hungarian parliament on World Science Day, the young scientists described their mission: to create a permanent global network for the young scientific community that provides regular input into decision-making on science and technology. The new organisation grows out of the International Forum for Young Scientists, a satellite event of the 1999 UNESCO-ICSU World Conference on Science. Following this meeting, UNESCO committed to the establishment of a permanent representative body for young scientists. In fulfilling this function, WAYS intends to go beyond it: providing fora, both real and virtual, in which young researchers will have the opportunity to exchange views, not just on issues of science policy, but also on their research. </p><p>A crucial aim of the new organisation (which will be open, it is envisaged, to all researchers early in their scientific careers and nominally aged between 15 and 40), is to bridge the gap between north and south. One of the young founders explained the need in terms of his own situation: Serge Sawadogo said, I m doing research in malaria, a disease that ravages my country. There are no facilities in Burkina Faso to study immunogenetics, so I conduct my research in France. </p><p>Through its activities, WAYS will seek to find practical and effective solutions in the development of science to achieve a more humane and civilised world. WAYS will hold its founding General Assembly in Tunisia during the fall of 2004. Meanwhile it is seeking the active participation of young scientists from all over the world in its development. </p><p>Interested researchers are invited to contact the WAYS Secretariat. </p><p>Peter Kerey World Academy of Young Scientists </p><p>kerey@reak.bme.hu Tel.: +36 30 441 7679 </p><p>For further information please contact:Marta Maczel - Maria Harsanyi</p><p>WAYS SecretariatTel.: +36-1-279-6119; +36-30-645-6621</p><p>ways@sztaki.huMailing address: H-1461 Budapest</p><p>P.O. Box 372. Hungary </p><p>Young Scientists Organise Permanent Global Network</p><p>Young researchers in the natural and social sciences and humanities announced the formation of the World Academy of Young Scientists (WAYS). </p><p>Call for Ren Descartes prize Prize for teams having achieved outstanding scientific or technological results </p><p>from European collaborative research. Total indicative budget for this prize is one million euro. </p><p>21 January 2004.- The European Commission has published a call for proposals for the Rene Descartes prizes, funded under the science and society activity of the structuring the European Research Area (ERA) specific programme of the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6). </p><p>Prizes are available in the following categories: - Prize for teams having achieved outstanding scientific or </p><p>technological results from European collaborative research in any field of science, including the economic, social and human sciences (4.3.4.2ai in the work programme). </p><p>The total indicative budget for this prize is one million euro. The minimum amount for a prize will be 200,000 euro. </p><p>- Prize for organisations or individuals having achieved outstanding results in science communication. (4.3.4.2aii in the work programme). European and national organisations which carry out awards in the following fields are invited to </p><p>send proposals for: - professional scientists engaged in science communication </p><p>to the public; - press articles contributing to the popularisation of </p><p>science; - scientific documentaries; - popular science books; - innovative action for science communication; - editorial policy for the promotion of science; - scientific television/radio programme. The total indicative budget for this prize is 250,000 euro. </p><p>The minimum amount for a prize will be 50,000 euro. The deadline for applying is 11.5.2004.</p><p>Full details of this announcement atwww.cordis.lu/descartes/</p><p>kerey@reak.bme.hu kerey@reak.bme.hu ways@sztaki.huways@sztaki.huwww.cordis.lu/descartes/www.cordis.lu/descartes/</p></li><li><p>THE EGGS 5</p><p>ESF Call: Investigating Life in Extreme Environments </p><p>A Call for Expression of Interest from the Standing Committee for Life and Environmental Sciences (LESC) together with ESFs Expert Committees: the ESF Marine Board (EMB), the European Polar Board (EPB) and </p><p>the European Space Science Committee (ESSC). </p><p>Primitive and complex life forms are capable of surviving within a wide range of extreme environmental dynamics in the polar and marine realms. There is also increasing evidence of potential analogue environments in the space domain as we begin to explore planetary systems. Some common and inter-linked parameters may be identified from the micro to macro scales, including issues such as genetic adaptation, heat regulation, and for higher life forms, the psychological impact of living in a harsh environment. </p><p>ESFs Standing Committee for Life, Earth and Environmental Sciences together with ESFs Expert Committees (EMB, EPB, ESSC) have identified the topic Investigating Life in Extreme Environments as an important area that should be addressed through broad European scientific and technological activities. The main purpose of this Call is to identify key challenging topics from any discipline in this area and investigate the best ways to explore them.</p><p>This consultation process will provide ESF with the views of the European scientific community on these issues. All </p><p>Expression of Interest received will be synthesised in order to identify key topics of interest to be developed at the European level.</p><p>Submissions of Expression of Interest are invited from researchers based in Europe. The abstract should be submitted by March 23, 2004 and should not exceed 400 words.</p><p>A panel will discuss the received ideas (Expressions of Interest) in the last week of April, 2004. All scientists putting forward ideas will be informed about the outcome of this exercise. The most engaging ideas will be pursued in a collaborative way through ESF-managed workshop(s) to be held in 2004/2005.</p><p>Please send Expressions of Interest, and any questions to:</p><p>Nicolas WalterEuropean Science Foundation</p><p>Email:nwalter@esf.org </p><p>Record summers might become more commonLast summers European heatwave high temperatures were far outside the range of past observations. </p><p>Scientists at ETH Zurich and MeteoSwiss, in an article in Nature, to account for this observation,propose that in addition to a general rise in temperatures, summer temperature variability </p><p>is likely to increase in Europe. </p><p>08 January 2004.- Summer 2003, in much of Europe, broke previous records, with temperatures five degrees celsius above long-term averages. This resulted in forest fires, serious crop losses, water shortages and deaths from the heat. An important question is to establish how such an unusual climatic event can be reconciled with long-term data, and how it can be explained. Scientists from the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science at the ETH Zurich and from MeteoSwiss have now proposed a possible explanation. The results of their research financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation and the EU project PRUDENCE have been published in the journal Nature. </p><p>ETH Professor Christoph Schar suggests that the reason for the unusual conditions last summer may be found in an increase in climate variability, i.e., stronger fluctuations from one summer to the next. As a result of climate change, not only mean temperatures but also the variability around the mean may increase. This makes extremely hot summers more likely. The same applies for the low precipitation amounts. However, despite the mean warming cool rainy summers may still occur from time to time.</p><p>The calculations are based on a scenario for the period from 2071 to 2100. This scenario is based on the assumption </p><p>that the concentration of greenhouse gases rises to twice the current level by the end of the century. For their projections the ETH research team adopted a new approach, using a regional climate model. This allows for a more detailed description of the climate and water cycle than is possible with a global model alone. The record summer is comparable to the anticipated mean temperature and precipitation conditions for the final th...</p></li></ul>

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