Athabasca Oil sands. By Nicole LeSage. What are the Athabasca oil sands?. A large deposit of oil rich Bitumen A mix of crude oil, sand, clay and water They cover 141,000 km2 of lightly populated boreal forest and muskeg The major provider for extracting oil in Canada - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Athabasca Oil sands
Athabasca Oil sandsBy Nicole LeSage
What are the Athabasca oil sands?A large deposit of oil rich BitumenA mix of crude oil, sand, clay and waterThey cover 141,000 km2 of lightly populated boreal forest and muskegThe major provider for extracting oil in CanadaThere are three main oil sands in the area which are the Athabasca oil sands, Cold lake oil sands, and the Peace river oil sandsWhere are oil sands located?
The oil sands are located in the northern half of AlbertaPrimary located in and around of the city of Fort McMurrayFort McMurray was a small town until the energy crisis in the 1970s which transformed it to a boomtown
How do they benefit us?Due to the oil sands Alberta has recorded the strongest period of economic growth in a province and the unemployment rate is the lowest in the history of the provinceDue to the region the oil sands are in they are not likely to be in danger if a revolution or a war occurred in Canada.Earns a profit in selling the oil internationally especially recently due to the increase in the price of oil
HOW DO THEY HURT OUR ENVIORNMENT?Destroys the boreal forest and muskeg, as well as changing the natural landscape and the Alberta government only requires them to equivalent land capability, rather then to restore the land to its original stateWhen Canada signed the Kyoto Protocol, they agreed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 6% by 2012 with respect to 1990, but have increased their emissions by 24% between 1990-2002, majorly due to the extraction of oil from these oil sandsUses twice the amount of water that the city of Calgary uses annually
WHAT ADJUSTMENTS CAN BE MADE?Instead of using all three oil sands use only two of the threeRestore the habitat to its natural stateGet new laws enforced to protect the area such as if there are any endangered animals in the area, or only allow them to extract oil 9 months out of the year to decrease the amount of water being wasted.