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Asia/Pacific Desktop Virtualization trends and analysis Ian Song Research Manager, Enterprise Mobility, Client Virtualization, IDC Singapore [email protected]

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  • Asia/Pacific Desktop Virtualization trends and analysis

    Ian Song

    Research Manager, Enterprise Mobility, Client Virtualization, IDC Singapore

    [email protected]

    mailto:[email protected]:[email protected]

  • Situation Overview

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 2

  • Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 3

    Hypervisor

    Virtual Machine Management

    Hypervisor virtualizes underlying

    hardware

    Each user gets its own isolated virtual

    desktop, applications and data

    Relatively high technical requirements

    Comparatively low user density per

    server

    Key Vendor Products:

    Citrix XenDesktop VMware View Microsoft VDI Suite

    RedHat RHEV for Desktop

    VDI is best suited for knowledge workers, content producers where needs for customization and security are high

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Virtual User Session (VUS)

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 4

    Multiuser operating system supporting

    multiple concurrent user session

    Underlying hardware is not virtualized

    Users share desktop, applications and

    get their own data folders

    Mature technology, low requirement

    Comparatively high user density per

    server

    Key Vendor Products:

    Citrix XenApp Microsoft Remote Desktop Service

    Dell vWorkspace

    Management

    VUS is best suited for task workers, where computing requirements are relatively uniform, security concerns are low

    VMware Horizon Workspace

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Desktop Virtualization Adoption Overview

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 5

    Tier 1: On par with western countries

    Australia and New Zealand

    South Korea

    Japan

    Singapore

    Hong Kong

    Tier 2: 12 18 months behind

    China

    India

    Malaysia

    Taiwan

    Thailand

    Tier 3: More than 2 years behind

    Most SEA countries

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Desktop Virtualization adoption in APeJ

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 6

    VDI 52%

    VUS 48%

    VDI

    Less than 250 licenses used: 86%

    More than 250 licenses used: 14%

    VUS

    Less than 250 licenses used: 87%

    More than 250 licenses used: 13%

    Financial Services

    13%

    Manufacturing

    30%

    Retail and Wholesale

    5%

    Services 21%

    Media 3%

    Healthcare 4%

    Education 12%

    Public Sector 12%

    Source: IDC 2013 Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization Survey

  • STOP

    Barriers to desktop virtualization adoption

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 7

    Business

    Cost/ROI

    Confusion

    Generalization

    Strategy

    Organization

    Acceptance

    Politics

    Buy-In

    Collaboration

    Technology

    Complexity

    Limitation

    Proficiency

    Experience

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Reasons to implement desktop virtualization

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 8

    Security

    Disaster Recovery/Preparedness

    Simplify Application Management

    Simplify Hardware Management

    Simplify OS Management

    62%

    54%

    41%

    37%

    32%

    Top 5 reason for desktop virtualization

    4.0

    1.3

    2.2

    0.9

    1.8

    1.3

    0.7

    0.2

    0.0

    1.0

    2.0

    3.0

    4.0

    5.0

    6.0

    7.0

    8.0

    9.0

    Traditional PC Desktop Virtualization

    Annual User Productivity Cost. Hours/Year

    Downtime Helpdesk Security Initial access/deployment

    Ho

    urs

    Source: IDC 2013 Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization Survey, VDI Business value study

  • Future Outlook

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 9

  • Expected growth for Asia/Pacific

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 10

    VDI expected to experience high

    growth, 5 yr CAGR at 38%

    VUS growth remain consistent, 5

    yr CAGR at 11%

    By 2018, IDC expect 20+ million

    users to use VDI across AP

    By 2018, 40% of all VDI and

    VUS sessions will be delivered

    through cloud

    $-

    $50

    $100

    $150

    $200

    $250

    $300

    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

    VDI VUS

    Mill

    ion

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization Forecast

  • Desktop Virtualization Priorities in 2014

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 11

    Simplify Mobilize

    Engage Cloudify

    USER EXPERIENCE

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • User Experience

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 12

    Challenge Solution

    Desktops today are very graphics

    intensive

    Virtual desktop with virtual CPU

    graphic rendering produces subpar

    user experience

    User are less likely to tolerate poor

    user experience

    Limited user segments

    GPU offload graphics processing off

    CPU

    Greatly improve virtual desktop

    graphics performance, user

    experience

    Opens desktop virtualization to more

    user segments

    Able to replace workstations at greatly

    reduced TCO

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Technology overview Software rendered (CPU only)

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 13

    CPU handles graphics operations

    No graphics acceleration

    Poor graphical experience under load

    Suitable for simple operations with low

    graphic requirement

    Supported by all VDI vendors

    XenServer vSphere XenSource

    Hyper-V KVM

    Supported Hypervisor: HYPERVISOR Display Software

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Technology overview Shared GPU

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 14

    HYPERVISOR GPU

    Driver

    GPU

    Manager

    GPU handles graphical operations

    Graphic acceleration managed by GPU

    driver in Hypervisor

    GPU resources allocated by Hypervisor

    Greatly improves graphical performance

    Performance will suffer under high

    demand

    Suitable for light to medium graphical

    requirements, general PC replacement

    XenServer vSphere XenSource

    Hyper-V

    Supported Hypervisor:

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Driver

    Technology overview GPU Pass-through

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 15

    HYPERVISOR

    GPU handles graphical operations

    Each physical GPU is allocated to a

    single VM

    GPU bypasses Hypervisor, is managed

    directly by driver installed in the VM

    Delivers best possible graphical

    performance

    1 GPU per VM can be costly

    Suitable for workstation and high-end

    PC replacement

    Driver

    XenServer vSphere XenSource

    Supported Hypervisor:

    Driver

    KVM

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Driver Driver Driver

    Technology overview Virtualized GPU

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 16

    HYPERVISOR

    GPU handles graphical operations

    Virtualized GPUs are delivered to each VM

    directly

    Actual GPU resources are managed by the

    Hypervisor and allocated to VMs

    Virtualized GPU resources are managed by

    driver installed in the VM

    Full GPU resource can be utilized and

    allocated depending requirement

    Deliver dedicated GPU like performance

    Suitable for workstation and high-end PC

    replacement

    XenServer XenSource

    Supported Hypervisor: GPU CORE

    GPU Memory

    GPU

    Virtualization

    vSphere

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • User Experience Matrix

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 17

    Task Worker Knowledge

    Worker Power User Designer

    Software

    Render (High VM Density)

    Shared GPU (High VM Density)

    GPU

    Pass-through (Low VM Density)

    Virtualized

    GPU (Med VM Density)

    Sub-par

    Acceptable

    Optimal

    Best

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Essential Guidance

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 18

  • Essential Guidance Strategic Mindset

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 19

    Organizations are interested, but also confused

    Desktop Virtualization is about User Workspace transformation Support multiple device platform

    Consolidated management for PC, Tablet and Smartphone

    Empower all users

    Desktop Virtualization is a long term, strategic solution

    Ensuring User Experience is MUST

    Source: IDC Asia/Pacific Client Virtualization

  • Essential Guidance Strategic Mindset

    IDC Visit us at IDC.com and follow us on Twitter: @IDC 20

    Strategy Assessment Selection

    Manage Optimize Evaluate

    Business Value

    Roadmap

    Improve Experienc