Art Movements of the 20th Century!A Look at Major Art Movements that influenced art in our modern society
What is Expressionism?Early 1900sExpressionist painters interpreted things around them in exaggerated, distorted and emotional ways. Edvard Munch was one of the best-known Expressionist painters. This movement is characterized by bold brush work, emotive lines, and bright color.
1863-1944. Norwegian painter and printmaker.intense, evocative treatment of psychological and emotional themes. Paintings about anguish.Portrayed symbolic themes of misery, sickness and death, isolation and fear.Best known for his paintings The Scream and The Cry.
The Scream 1983 wax crayon, tempera, cardboard
Cubism1907-1920A style of art that stressed basic abstract geometric forms and often presented the subject from many angles at the same time. Pablo Picasso was a cubist painter.Characterized by cubed, geometric shapes and similar colours.
Pablo PicassoOne of the most famous artists in the world, a co-founder of Cubism, best known for his paintings, particularly his Blue Period and his creative style of arranging facial features, he also produced ceramic and bronze sculptures, drawings, etchings, collage and poetry. 1881-1973. Born in Spain.No artist was as famous in his own timeDidnt appreciate women artists.Known for Old Man with Guitar and Guernica.
Guernica picasso - mural
Dadasim1916-1922Ridiculed and made fun of contemporary culture and art at the time. The Dadaists were against the military and against fine art. They went against what most people thought was good taste. Dada artists include f Duchamp, Man Ray, and Miro. Many Dadaists later explored Surrealism.
Marcel Duchamps1887-1968. French-American.Made a lot of art out of ready-made objects.Founder of Dada movementLoved chess.Known for his radical ideas and mockery of art.Best known artworks are Fountain, Nude Descending a Staircase and Bicycle Wheel.
Surrealism1924-1930A movement that grew out of Dada. The movement was based on dream images, the unconscious mind, the irrational and fantasy. Surrealism took two directions: representational and abstract. Dali is a well-known Surrealist artist.
190489. Spanish painter. By 1929 he had become a leader of surrealism. Very realistic and nightmarish paintings. Best known work Persistence of Memory with its strangly melting clocks.Best known for being able to translate dreams into visual images. Wanted people to believe he was insane!
The Persistance of a Memory
Abstract Expressionism1940-1950A style developed in the mid-20th century. It emphasized form and color rather than an actual subject. Pollock and de Kooning, and Kandinsky were abstract expressionists. Expressing emotions through colour, line and shape were more important then having the painting look like something.
Jackson Pollock 191256, American painter.Pioneer of Abstract ExpressionismBest known for his Action Painting where the act of painting was more of a focus then the painting itself.Dripped and splattered massive amounts of paint onto huge canvases.Well known for Lavender Mist No.1
Lavender Mist No. 1 1950 Oil on canvas
Pop Art1950sAn art movement that emerged in England and the United States after 1950. Pop artists use materials from the everyday world of popular culture, such as comic strips, canned goods, and science fiction. Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein were pop artists. Pop artists made us look at the popular culture around us differently.
Andy Warhol1928-1987. Born in the USAOne of the most famous Pop Artists.Well known for his Campbell Soup Cans and Marilyn Monroe Prints.Made paintings and mass-produced silk screens about famous products and popular culture.Believed if you called something art, then it was.
OP Art1965Based on optical patterns and what happens in the eye when looking at art.Made its way into fashion design.Reduced geometrical forms with either black/white or many colours.Never as big as pop art.
1931-presentWell known Optical Artist and art teacher.Interested in optical illusions and optical effects.Painted straight or wavy lines that gave the illusion of movementoften in black and white. Was angry when her work was used for commercial purposes.Also designed sets for plays.
Movement in Squares - 1941
ModernismThe theory that each new generation must build on past styles in new ways OR break with the past in order to make the next historical art contribution. Seen as "high art," as differentiated from popular art. 20th century art is considered modern until
Contemporary ArtThe term encompasses all artwork being done NOW. Anything from the late 1960s to now.Usually contemporary art deals with issues that are presently affecting our world.Can include painting, sculpture, computer-generated work, installations, performance art, earth art, murals, and multi-media works.Very engaging and pushing boundaries of perception.
Eric Fischal>>> Eric Fischl--one of America's most respected living artists--created this bronze sculpture of a woman plummeting to her death, basing it on the many people who did just that during the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center.The statue was displayed in Rockefeller Center starting around the time of the one-year anniversary of 9/11. Immediately, members of the public began complaining about the upsetting nature of the piece, and administrators at the center quickly covered it in cloth and hid it behind a screen. On 18 Sept, it was removed entirely. The Center apologized to anyone who might've been "upset or offended" by the statue.The best comment on the banishment of this work of art came from Nick Monteleone in the New York Daily News: There has always been a duality to the purpose of art; it serves both to express emotion and to evoke it. If Fischl's sculpture charged viewers with horror, then it fulfilled its purpose. Fischl's frank portrayal is a primal reminder of the carnage experienced that morning and, by invoking those events, memorializes that horrible day.If we are to remain true to the repeated assertions that we must never forget, why silence a work like Fischl's? Displaying the sculpture was no more exploitative than airing those videos of the attacks we've all become so familiar with. But perhaps the real, solid presence of "Tumbling Woman" spoke with an urgency that could not be dismissed as easily as a TV news feed.Artists have, throughout time, shocked and disturbed us into recognizing the world's horrors. Fischl has simply served the traditional function of the artist as social commentator and historical interpreter, but we have asked that his voice be turned down. Would we ask Goya to lighten the reds of his Spanish battlefields?...It's like being told, "Never forget - as long as it's not too bothersome."
Tumbling Woman Eric Fischal bronze sculpture
Can you Categorize the Art by Movement?Look at the following art works and based on your knowledge of the major art movements, figure out which movement each artwork belongs to and why!
Composition No.8-1923-oil on canvas
Squares with Concentric Rings
Example of Installation artwork
Death in the Sick Room- Oil on Canvas - 1895
Marilyn Monroe Silkscreen
Cataract 3 -1967
Jean Arp Collage Arranged according to the Laws of Chance
Blue Poles No. II enamel and aluminum paint
Cloning Computer Generated Artwork
Red, Yellow, Blue 1921 paint on canvas
Blaze 1 1962-emulsion on hardboard
Bicycle Wheel found objects
Example of a Fractal computer generated art
Lang 1979 oil on canvas - Vasarely
Old Guitarist Oil on Canvas