Arctic Frontiers Tromso 2013 Eng Final.ppt DURING THE PERIOD OF 19.01.12 – 19.02.12 ICE COVER AS OF

  • View
    0

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Arctic Frontiers Tromso 2013 Eng Final.ppt DURING THE PERIOD OF 19.01.12 – 19.02.12 ICE COVER...

  • THE ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS IN THE 19TH CENTURY

  • POLAR EXPLORERS (THE 19TH – EARLY 20TH CENTURY) AND CURRENT EXPEDITIONS IN THE ARCTIC (THE 21ST CENTURY)

  • N.N. Zubov

    THE ARCTIC ICE «Glavsevmorput» Publishing-House

    Moscow, 1941

    Sea Ice Conditions along the Northern Sea  Route in the middle of September 1936

    THE VEGA CRUISE (July 1878 – July 1879)

  • MMBI KSC RAS AND SSC RAS RESEARCH IN THE ANTARCTIC IN 2007–2009 RESEARCH STATION «BELLINSGAUZEN»

  • THE MANYCH-KERCH STRAIT IN THE EPOCH OF EXTREME FLOODS DURING THE MELT OF THE SCANDINAVIAN GLACIER

    Matishov, G.G. (1987). The World  Ocean and the Earth’s Glaciation.  Moscow. Mysl’

  • ACTIVITIES ON THE ATLAS OF CLIMATIC CHANGES (LMEs OF THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC)

    Sea Of Azov                 153 000+ stations Caspian Sea                 43  000+ stations Black Sea                      83 000+ stations

  • WATER TEMPERATURE OBSERVATIONS IN THE BARENTS SEA

    17000 stations 1938-2002

    33000 stations 1880-2007

    April August

  • THE BARENTS SEA DATABASE (JANUARY 2013)

    NOAA, MMBI KSC RAS, SSC RAS

  • DATABASE TO FORECAST INNER-

    SECULAR FLUCTUATIONS

    OF CLIMATE

    43 357 STATIONS

    42 519  STATIONS

  • Distribution of Stations

    (Measurements of Water

    Temperature in the West Bering

    Sea LME)

    Period: From ХХХХ to

    ХХХХ

    47 298 stations

    SEASONAL FIELDS OF TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY

  • COLD RECORD IN THE ARCTIC. ICE IN THE BERING SEA REMAINED FOR

    MORE THAN 100 DAYS

  • CHART OF THE ICE SITUATION

    IN THE CASPIAN SEA, 14- 15.02.2012

    25 MARCH 2012

    Water temperature

    Maximum (in a warm period)

    Minimum (in a cold period)

    Air temperature

    The freeze-up duration

    BEGINNING OF THE FREEZE-UP

    IN THE TAGANROG BAY (THE SEA OF AZOV) IN

    THE EARLY 21st CENTURY

  • EXTREMELY SEVERE WINTERS IN THE SEA OF AZOV

    (44 – 47° N.L.) 26 March 2012 11 April 2012

  • ACTUAL SITUATION OF THE SIBERIAN ANTICYCLONE DEVELOPMENT AND SHIFT TOWARDS THE SOUTHWEST

    (17.01.-25.02 2012) (Source: http://www.uni-koeln.de/math-nat-fak/geomet/meteo)

  • MEAN NEAR-LAND (SURFACE) TEMPERATURE DURING THE PERIOD OF 19.01.12 – 19.02.12

    ICE COVER AS OF 12.02. – 18.02.2012

    MINIMUM VALUE OF TEMPERATURE FOR 30 DAYS

  • «VOEIKOV AXIS» («WIND RIDGE») – EUROPEAN SPUR OF THE SIBERIAN ANTICYCLONE

    Prevailing wind directions in January

    Mean air pressure at the sea level in January in millibars

  • ABNORMAL ADVECTION

    of the Western spur of the Siberian

    Anticyclone towards the Pyrenees and of

    the Gulfstream towards the Franz

    Josef Land

    February 2012

  • INNER-SECULAR CYCLICITY OF CLIMATE Long-term temperature and salinity pattern in the Barents Sea. Layer of 0-50 m.

    Matishov G., Matishov D., Moiseev D. INFLOW OF ATLANTIC-ORIGIN WATERS TO THE BARENTS SEA ALONG GLACIAL TROUGHS//OCEANOLOGIA, 2009, 51(3)

    Матишов Г. Г. ВЛИЯНИЕ ИЗМЕНЧИВОСТИ КЛИМАТИЧЕСКОГО И ЛЕДОВОГО РЕЖИМОВ НА СУДОХОДСТВО//ВЕСТНИК РАН, 2008, 78 (10)

  • Formation of freshet flows and

    floods in water catchment basins

  • NEAR BOTTOM TEMPERATURE AND FISH DIVERSITY (LATITUDE 70◦, DEPTH OF 250 M)

  • FEEDING OF VARIOUS SIZE-AGE GROUPS OF BLACK HALIBUT IN THE KARA SEA WATER AREA, 2007 –

    2011

    A – Southern part of St. Anna Trough

    B – Western part of St. Anna Trough

    C – Eastern part of St. Anna Trough

    D – Western part of Voronin Trough

    (Sentyabov, Smirnov, 2010)

  • ABUNDANCE INCREASE OF THE RED KING (KAMCHATKA) CRAB IN THE BARENTS SEA DUE TO THE WARMING IN THE EARLY 21st CENTURY (BY MMBI KSC RAS AND

    PINRO DATA)

    SHIFT (DELAY) BY BENTHOS BIOMASS PHASE RELATED TO TEMPERATURE AT THE KOLA TRANSECT

  • DECREASING DYNAMICS OF GOODS’ TRANSPORTATION ALONG THE NORTHERN SEA ROUTE

    (MLN. TONS)

    Transportation of ore to China

  • POPULATION DYNAMICS OF MURMANSK REGION AND MURMANSK

    Murmansk Region Murmansk

    Thousand people Heads, Regional Administration Denisov, G.Ya. Konovalov, L.N. Ptitsyn, V.N. Serokurov, S.L.

    Balagurov, A.K. Komarov, E.B. Evdokimov, Yu.A. Dmitrienko, D.V.

    Kovtun, M.V.

  • STOCKMAN PROJECT: MIRAGE OR REALITY?

  • DEVELOPMENT AND APPROBATION OF A NEW TECHNOLOGY «ON-LINE BIOMONITORING OF THE STATE OF MARINE ENVIRONMENT»

    (Dalnezelenetskaya Bay, joint project (TOTAL – MMBI KSC RAS – Akvaplan- niva – University of Bordeaux)

    Registration of changes in the movements of the shells of mollusks (mussels and scallops) is continuous and on-line.

    In case significant changes are registered, an alarm signal is generated.

  • OIL AND GAS DEPOSITS (THE YAMAL PENINSULA AND SHELF)

  • Proposed New Boundaries of the Arctic LMEs (H.R. Skjoldal, Tromso, Norway, January 2011)

  • Seismic-Acoustic Impact

    Impact of Suspension and Drilling Solutions

    Impact of Noise produced by Large-Tonnage Vessels

    Impact of Water Pumping Impact of Oil

    TYPES OF IMPACT ON LMEs

  • SEA ICE IN THE EAST-SIBERIAN SEA IN AUGUST – A SIGN OF COOLING IN THE ARCTIC

    2012 ICE FREE AREA IN AUGUST 20112011

  • 2013 January 29-31 2012 January 15-17

    www.aari.ru www.aari.ru Ice free

    area

    ICE SITUATION IN THE ARCTIC

  • TYPES OF CLIMATE in the period of 1951 – 2010

    (The Kola Transect, layer of 0-200 m)

    TYPE OF YEAR CRITERION OF THERMAL STATE

    Abnormally cold ‐ Δ T °C ˃ 1.5 σ

    Cold 0.5 σ 

  • INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION