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97THE SPREAD OF SMALL-POX.
takes advantage of all means for ascertaining the death of- every medical man, and in the Register for 1892 gives 581s the deaths for 1891. For the last sixteen years the averageof deaths annually has been 570. For the last five years the
average is 529. In four years only has the number exceeded600. It speaks much for the care with which this informa-tion is gathered that it brings the list up to the highestpossible figure. As our readers are aware the gaps made bydeath are always more than filled by the plentiful additionsto the profession. In the year 1891 no less than 1345 were.added. This does not diminish the pain with which manyof the losses have to be recorded, but it relieves the nationalmind of the fear of any scarcity in the supply of healers.
THE SPREAD OF SMALL-POX.
TEN years have elapsed since the Royal Commission onSmall-pox and Fever Hospitals reported that "it is evidentlyof paramount importance that the areas of the small-poxwards as well as their administration should be rigorouslyseparated from those of the fever hospitals ; and, further, thateheir construction should be such as to reduce within thesmallest limits the chance of spreading infection." Sincethen we have repeatedly had instances of the spread of small-pox from buildings in which cases of that disease have beenaggregated. When Warrington attempted it recently thepatients professedly under isolation in other pavilions con-tracted small-pox, and now we learn that in Leicesterthe same thing has taken place. No less than fifteen scarletfever patients contracted small-pox in a so-called isolationhospital and the scarlet fever wards had to be closed. The
time has surely arrived for adopting some reasonable action.as to the isolation of small-pox in the provinces, for the disease’is still extending in many parts of England. Last week bringsmews of three fresh cases at Batley, three at Dewsbury, three.n.t Bootle, five at Chadderton, seven at Oldham, seven at
Barnsley, four at Rotherham, five at Huddersfield, four atYork, six at Leicester, three at Southampton (the outbreak atwhich place is more fully dealt with elsewhere), twenty-one atManchester, three at Wakefield, and there have also beensmaller outbreaks at Bradford, Halifax, Birkenhead, Liverpool,Lancaster, Birmingham, Derby, Darlington, Swansea, Bake-well, Bedale, Durham, Castle-Bytham, Louth, Pontefract,Runcorn and Denaby Main. Nine cases are now undertreatment in the last-named place.
DECAYING HUMANITY IN OUR CHURCHES.
A letter appeared in The Times some days ago from MajorJoseph, the churchwarden of St. Antholin’s parish for up-wards of twenty years. In it he describes his action as
regards the bodies interred in the vaults of the church at thetime of the removal of the building. He found upwards of six- hundred coffins, nearly every one of which was in precisely thesame state as those described as being in the churches of St.Mary Woolnothand St. Mary-at-Hill. "I placed, "he proceeds," every coffin in a new outer shell ; and instead of going tothe expense of removing them to Ilford I enlarged the rector’svault at the end of the church and there deposited the coffins,making a register of such. The work was performed under,the superintendence of the late Dr. Tidy and Dr. Sedgwicklaunders, under whose orders large quantities of carbolic acidwere used and a small ration of rum was served every two hours’to the workmen employed. We had no case of sicknessand neither the public nor the friends of the deceased weren any way shocked....... I write this in the hope that youmay be able to spare space for its insertion and that it mayae useful to the churchwardens of the two before-named
’parishes and be the means of saving outlay to the
’.2arishioners." While giving every credit to Major Joseph
for this economical mode of meeting a serious difficulty,we must express a preference for the entire removal ofhuman remains from the heart of the City to some
suburban cemetery. As a matter of fact, some such
experiment as he made so successfully was tried in
one of the churches to which he refers, with the result of
making matters worse instead of better. Burial in the earth,not entombment, must be considered as the order of the day,subject to the searching inquiry which will probably soon haveto be made into the whole matter.
APPOINTMENTS TO THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENTOF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD.
SOME delay is being occasioned in the final selection of
inspectors by which the Medical Department of the LocalGovernment Board is to be reinforced in view of the in-creased duties which will be involved in consequence of the
prospects of cholera during the current year. But we under-stand that three of the intended appointments have now beenmade for a period of one calendar year. The gentlemen thusappointed are Mr. Evan Evans, D.P.H., now assisting in thehealth department of Bethnal Green ; Dr. Thomas Horne,formerly medical officer of health for Sandwich ; and Dr.Hector M’Lean Wilson, assistant medical officer of healthfor Leeds.
UNQUALIFIED PRACTITIONERS IN HULL.
THE deputy coroner for Hull made some strong and proper,
observations a few days ago in commenting on the case of achild four years and a half old, which had been taken by itsparents to the surgery of Dr. Haynes, but was attended byMr. E. H. Knight without authority or qualification to
practise medicine. He was not even an assistant to a qualifiedpractitioner, but used that surgery two years and a halfafter Dr. Haynes had left it in such a way as to mis-
lead the public. The deputy coroner made an importantpoint in his remarks. We are apt to think that it is onlyby the false use of titles specified in the Medical Act thatthe public is misled, but the word "surgery" on a signor a brass plate is as misleading as the word surgeonand the coroner expressed himself greatly astonished thatthere should be in a populous street a gentleman who had asign above his door which led persons to believe that thepremises were tenanted and used as a surgery while theywere occupied by a totally unqualified man.
IMPORTANT PROSECUTION UNDER THEMARGARINE ACT.
THE chief sanitary inspector of Wigan, who is also inspectorunder the Food and Drugs Adulteration Act, has been remark-ably active since his appointment. Quite recently he
was the means of bringing to justice a tradesman in thattown for exposing margarine as butter; the magistratesconvicted and fined the defendant ;f20 and costs. Nowhe has had a much more important case-a gross case
of fraud on the public, poor and rich. A woman dressed as a
respectable farmer’s wife was accustomed to attend the Wiganmarket on the most important market day-namely, Friday-and beside her stall of cheese and eggs she had a basket
containing what she sold as butter in "prints." He askedher what was in the basket and she said butter. Heasked to see it and she picked it up and uncovered
it, and it contained "prints" of one pound, this
being a form in which butter is put up by farmersfor sale. The inspector then wanted to buy some for analysis,and thereupon the defendant said the basket did not belongto her, and that a woman had left it with her that morning.She could give no information regarding this woman. The
inspector took charge of the basket. Two pieces of this so-