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Youth Announcements Youth Team Plus Youth Activities

Announcements Youth Announcements Youth Team Plus Youth Activities

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  • Announcements Youth Announcements Youth Team Plus Youth Activities
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  • Announcements Youth Announcements Youth Team Plus Youth Activities Christmas Lock in (Dec. 16) Movie: Home Alone Elf The Santa Clause A Muppet Christmas Carol
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  • Christianity Cults & Religions
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  • Islam
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  • Key Terms Arianism Originated in the fourth century AD and argues that Jesus does not share the same essence with God, and thus does not share in the same divine nature with eternity and authority. The Nicene, Chalcedonian, and Athanasian Creeds are primarily responses to this heresy. Bahai Faith Founded in 1844 in Iran. Teaches that God has revealed himself through nine manifestations including Adam, Moses, Krishna, Buddha, Jesus, Muhammad, and Bahaullah. There are an estimated 8 million Bahais worldwide. Hadith A report of a saying or behavior of Muhammad which sets a precedent for Muslim practice and becomes the basis and sharia. Hajj The annual pilgrimage to Mecca Injil The book given to Jesus, similar to the Greek word evangel, meaning good news. Muslims do not believe that no Injil remains on earth that hasnt been corrupted. Christians often refer to the Gospels, or a singe Gospel, as the the Injil when conversing with Muslims
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  • Key Terms (Continued) Islamism Broad movement promoting the idea that full and correct implementation of Islam worldwide requires both political power and state control. Sometimes called fundamentalism of Salafism. Jihad (holy fighting) A spiritual struggle that can either be internal (striving in ones soul to do right) or external (an effort against the enemies of Islam). Jihadism A radical Islamic ideology. It views Western democracy as a violation of tawheed and an offense to God, and creation of a perfect Islamic state by violent means as necessary. Jinn (also Genie) A type of supernatural, personal being distict from humans and demons said to have been made by Allah from smokeless fire. Jinn can be either helpful or harmful to mankind. Kaaba (Kabah) The cube-shaped structure in Mecca toward which all Muslims must pray. Believed to have been an altar used by Abraham.
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  • Key Terms (Continued) Mecca The center of idol worship in AD 610 when Muhammad first challenged the people to forsake idolatry and embrace Islam. Most Meccans rejected his message, and many began to persecute the early Muslims, causing them to flee (hijra) to the town of Medina in AD 622. Located in what is now Saudi Arabia. Nation of Islam Founded in 1930 in Detroit, Michigan by Wallace D. Fard. Currently led by Louis Farrakhan. Affirms belief in Allah and the Quran, but also teaches that millions of Allahs have lived and died since creation, and collectively the black race is God. Master Fard is considered the Supreme Allah and Savior. Quran (Koran) (recitation) Revealed to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel over a period of 22 years. In AD 632 the recitations were collected together to become the Quran. Considered divine in its original Arabic.
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  • Key Terms (Continued) Salat A set ritual of prayer to be done five specific times every day (sometimes combined in three sessions), memorized in Arabic, with ritual washings before each sequence. The head must be covered, the body pointed toward Mecca, and the motions and prostrations must be followed for the prayers to be valid. Shahadah The foundational Muslim profession of faith: There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet. Sharia (way, path) Islamic religious law, based upon the Sunnah. The four schools of Sunni interpretation are named after their founders: Hanafi (d.767), Maliki (d. 795), Shafii (d.820), and Hanbali (d. 855). Shiia Muslims also have schools of their own.
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  • Key Terms (Continued) Shia (Shiite) (from Arabic Shiati Ali, party of Ali) A minority of Muslims (10% worldwide) which believes that the proper successor to Muhammad should be his blood relative, beginning with Ali, his son-in-law. The Sunni-Shia split happened shortly after Muhammads death in a violent dispute about who should lead the Muslim community. Shia follow ten central practices which include the Five Pillars. Many believe in a series of 12 imams serving as Muhammads spiritual and political successors. The final one will someday appear with Jesus. Shirk (associating) committing blasphemy by assigning partners or equals to Allah, thereby compromising his uniqueness. Sira (from Arabic Sirah Rasul Allah, life of the messenger of God) Biographies of Muhammad that provide interpretive insights about his life and the early history of Islam.
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  • Key Terms (Continued) Sufism A mystical form of Islam, often viewed as one of its distinct branches but which has both Sunni or Shia followers. Emphasis is placed on experiential knowledge of God, sometimes by trances induced through changing the names of Allah or dancing (as seen in whirling dervishes) Sunnah Literally: the trodden path of Muhammad and his close companions. The Sunnah (Muhammads examples) becomes the basis for sharia. Sunni (from Arabic Ahl as-Sunnah, people of the tradition) The majority of Muslims (90% worldwide) identify themselves in contrast to the Shia. The Sunni-Shia split began shortly after Muhammads death in violent dispute about who should lead the Muslim community. Sunni hold to the Five Pillars and the Six Beliefs. Many believe that figure from Muhammads family, known as the Mahdi, will appear the Jesus before the final judgment. Tawheed (Tawhid) (oneness) The central doctrine of Allahs absolute oneness and uniqueness.
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  • Islam Islam Submission Muslim one who submits There are currently 1.2 billion Muslims world wide Predominantly in North Africa, the Middle East and South Asia. 90% are Sunni
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  • Muhammad Born in AD 570 In Mecca To a poor family Was a merchant by trade In AD 610 he was meditating and fasting in a cave when he was suddenly visited by the angel Gabriel. Gabriel commanded him to recite but Muhammad could not, finally he was forced to recite by a supernatural force This was the beginning of the Quran This experience was so traumatizing for Muhammad that he believed that he had been demon possessed. His senior wife encouraged him to continue with these encounters. After this Muhammad began his career as the chosen prophet of Allah.
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  • Muhammad (Continued) The years that followed were full of persecution. In AD 621 Gabriel toke Muhammad on a magical journey to Jerusalem and Heaven. In AD 622 he made his Hijrah Journey. This is the marking of time and the new year for Muslims. He cleared Mecca and removed all the idols and dedicated it to Allah. Died in AD 632 After his death their arose a power struggle for leadership of the religion From this developed the Suni and the Shiites
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  • Holy Scriptures Quran recitations 114 chapters or Surras Composed over 22 years Arranged chapters in descending order of length There is no narrative Originally in Arabic. No translation can do it justice. Treated with respect. Rarely held below the waist, when kept it normally wrapped in a nice cloth and put on the highest shelf in the home. Perfect and uncorrupted It references Biblical events and characters Some recorded differently
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  • 6 Affirmed Beliefs Allah God Only one person No counterparts Not seen as a father Prophets First and foremost being Muhammad Muhammad is said to be the greatest man who ever lived. They classify Jesus as a major prophet. Angels Each person has two angels assigned to him. One records the good deeds and one the bad Jinn Genie Spirit beings made of fire
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  • 6 Affirmed Beliefs (Continued) The Holy Books Day of Judgment Fate - Destiny
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  • 5 Pillars (Salvation) Profession of faith (Shahadah) There is no god but Allah. And Muhammad is his prophet. Prayers (Salat) 5 times daily Facing Mecca Prayers are preceded by washings There are congregational prayers held on Fridays for males. Alms giving (Zakat) Roughly 2.5% of there yearly earnings Fasting (Sawm) Specifically during the Holy Month of Ramadan Pilgrimage (Hajj) Every able bodied Muslim is expected to go to Mecca and participate in the rituals.
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  • Salvation No such thing as original sin. Humans are weak but not bent toward sin. Obedience, repentance, and human effort. No assurance of salvation expect but to die in righteous Jihad.
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  • Major Muslim Sects Sunni After the death of Muhammad wanted an elected successor. The majority. Shia They favored the idea of Islam leadership staying in Muhammads blood line. Sufi The mystical side of Islam Strives for a mystical relationship with Allah
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  • Appeals to Islam Simplicity of Beliefs and requirements Seeming moral clarity All encompassing nature A sense of universal brotherhood
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  • What does the Bible say? Romans 5:8 1 John 4:10 In this is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and send his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
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  • A Dont
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  • Does and Donts Does Do make it clear you are a follower of Christ Do take time to build a relationship Do approach your encounters as a learner Do correct their misunderstandings Do talk about Jesus Do pray out loud with your Muslim friends Do use your right hand Donts Dont assume your Muslim friend understand what you mean Dont be surprised if you are rejected at first Dont take notes Dont argue Dont insult Dont start your prayer with Our Father Dont use your left hand for eating food Dont put your Bible on the floor or in the bathroom Dont assume that Muslims think the same as you do
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  • Grades Logan Prayer Requests
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  • Quick Review
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  • Which of the following is not taught in Islam? a. The Quran which people have today is a copy of an eternal tablet in heaven. b. The Torah, Psalms, and Gospels have been corrupted. c. Allah refers to the Fatherhood of God. d. Muhammad was the greatest man who ever lived.
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  • Which of the following is not taught in Islam? a. The Quran which people have today is a copy of an eternal tablet in heaven. b. The Torah, Psalms, and Gospels have been corrupted. c. Allah refers to the Fatherhood of God. (Allah is the generic word for God in Arabic. In Islam, Allah has no sons and cannot be associated with anything.) d. Muhammad was the greatest man who ever lived.
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  • True or False? The entire Quran was composed by Muhammad during the angel Gabriels first visit.
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  • True or False? The entire Quran was composed by Muhammad during the angel Gabriels first visit. FALSE (The Quran was written by Muhammad over a period of 22 years.)
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  • Islam teaches that salvation depends upon: A persons good deeds outweighing their bad deeds. The will of Allah. Both of the above None of the above.
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  • Islam teaches that salvation depends upon: A persons good deeds outweighing their bad deeds. The will of Allah. Both of the above (A persons good works contribute to his or her salvation, but ultimately no one can know in advance what Allah will decide on the day of judgment.) None of the above.
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  • True or False? In the final analysis Islam is all about Muhammad what Muhammad says about God and what Muhammad would do in any situation.
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  • True or False? In the final analysis Islam is all about Muhammad what Muhammad says about God and what Muhammad would do in any situation. TRUE
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  • Islam is a religion of works and merit, but according to the Bible, good works are the of salvation not the means of attaining it.
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  • Islam is a religion of works and merit, but according to the Bible, good works are the FRUIT (or outcome, result) of salvation not the means of attaining it.
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  • Other Resources Answering Islam: The Crescent in Light of the Cross by Norman L. Geisher and Abdul Saleeb The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror by Bernard Lewis Encountering the World of Islam by Keith E. Swartley The Prophet & the Messiah: An Arab Christians Perspective on Islam & Christianity by Chawkat Moucarry Glad News! God Loves You, My Muslim friend by Samy Tanagho Knowing the Enemy: Jihadist Ideology and the War on Terror by Mary Habeck Muslims Next Door: Uncovering Myths and Creating Friendships by Shirin Taber Reasoning from the Scriptures with Muslims by Ron Rhodes Books
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  • Other Resources (Continued) DVD Christianity and Islam The Cross or the Crescent: Understanding Islam More than Dreams Behind the Sun Internet Muslim-Christian Debates www.debate.org.uk www.debate.org.uk Answering Islam www.answering- islam.org www.answering- islam.org
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