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ANALISIS YURIDIS DASAR PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DALAM

PUTUSAN NOMOR 56/PUU-VI/2008 TENTANG PENOLAKAN PENGAJUAN CALON

PRESIDEN INDEPENDEN

Penulisan Hukum

(Skripsi)

Disusun dan Diajukan untuk

Melengkapi Persyaratan Guna Meraih Derajat Sarjana dalam Ilmu Hukum pada

Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

Disusun Oleh:

DONY ADITYA DARMAWAN

E 0005147

FAKULTAS HUKUM

UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET

SURAKARTA

2010

2

PENGESAHAN PENGUJI

Penulisan Hukum (Skripsi)

ANALISIS YURIDIS DASAR PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DALAM

PUTUSAN NOMOR 56/PUU-VI/2008 TENTANG PENOLAKAN PENGAJUAN CALON

PRESIDEN INDEPENDEN

Disusun oleh:

DONY ADITYA DARMAWAN

E 0005147

Telah diterima dan disahkan oleh Tim Penguji Penulisan Hukum (Skripsi) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

pada :

Hari : Senin

Tanggal : 1 Februari 2010

TIM PENGUJI

(1) Sutedjo, S.H., M.M. : ......................................................

NIP. 19580828 198601 1 001

Ketua

(2) Aminah, S.H., M.H. : .....................................................

NIP. 19700621 200604 2 001

Sekretaris

(3) Sunny Ummul Firdaus, S.H.,M.Hum : .

NIP. 19510513 198103 2 001

Anggota

3

Mengetahui:

Dekan Fakultas Hukum UNS

(Moh. Jamin, S.H, M.Hum)

NIP. 196109301986011001

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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ................................................................................................... i

HALAMAN PERSETUJUAN ...................................................................................... iii

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ...................................................................................... iv

HALAMAN MOTTO ................................................................................................ v

HALAMAN PERSEMBAHAN .................................................................................... vi

ABSTRAK ................................................................................................................ vii

KATA PENGANTAR.................................................................................................. viii

DAFTAR ISI ............................................................................................................. xi

DAFTAR GAMBAR .................................................................................................. xii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN

A.............................................................................................Latar

Belakang Masalah ........................................................................ 1

B. ............................................................................................Rumusan

Masalah ........................................................................................ 7

C. ............................................................................................Tujuan

Penelitian ..................................................................................... 7

D.............................................................................................Manfaat

Penelitian ..................................................................................... 8

E. ............................................................................................Metode

Penelitian .................................................................................... 8

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F. ............................................................................................Sistemati

ka Penulisan Hukum .................................................................... 13

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

A.............................................................................................Keragka

Teori.............................................................................................. 15

1. .......................................................................................Tinjauan

tentang Negara Hukum ........................................................... 15

2. .......................................................................................Tinjauan

tentang Demokrasi .................................................................. 20

a. ............................................................................ Pengerti

an dan Hakikat Demokrasi......................................... 20

b. ............................................................................ Asas-

Asas Demokrasi ......................................................... 23

c. ............................................................................ Faktor-

faktor Penegak Demokrasi......................................... 24

d. ............................................................................ Model-

model Demokrasi....................................................... 26

3. .......................................................................................Tinjauan

tentang Hak Asasi Manusia ..................................................... 27

a. ...................................................................................Definisi

HAM.................................................................................... 27

b. ...................................................................................HAM

Dalam Konstitusi................................................................. 27

c. ...................................................................................Konsep

Dasar HAM.......................................................................... 28

d. ...................................................................................Ciri

Pokok Hakikat HAM............................................................ 29

e. ...................................................................................Perkemb

angan Pemikiran HAM........................................................ 30

f.....................................................................................Hubunga

n HAM dan Demokrasi........................................................ 31

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4. .......................................................................................Tinjauan

tentang Kedudukan Presiden Dalam Sistem Presidensial ....... 32

a. ...................................................................................Kekuasaa

n Presiden Dalam Sistem UUD 1945 .................................. 32

b. ...................................................................................Penerap

an Sistem presidensial dan parlementer dalam pemerintahan

Indonesia ............................................................................ 36

5. .......................................................................................Tinjauan

tentang Konstitusi.................................................................... 40

a. ...................................................................................Pengerti

an Konstitusi ....................................................................... 40

b. ...................................................................................Tujuan,

Fungsi dan Ruang Lingkup Konstitusi ................................. 41

c. ...................................................................................Klasifikas

i Konstitusi .......................................................................... 43

d. ...................................................................................Nilai-nilai

konstitusi ............................................................................ 44

e. ...................................................................................Prinsip-

prinsip Umum Perubahan Konstitusi.................................. 45

B. ............................................................................................Kerangka

Pemikiran ..................................................................................... 47

BAB III HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN

a. ............................................................................................Pertimba

ngan Hakim Dalam Memberikan Judicial Review terhadap Undang-

Undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2008 Tentang Pemilihan Umum Presiden dan

Wakil Presiden............................................................................. 49

b. ............................................................................................Indikator

Dalam Pertimbangan Materiil Toetsingrecht Dan Formil

Toetsingrecht Oleh Hakim Konstitusi .......................................... 61

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c. ............................................................................................Dissentin

g Opinion (Perbedaan Pendapat) Perkara Judicial Review UU No.

42 Tahun 2008............................................................................. 6

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