Abdominal Pain Presented by: Jesse Ellis. Definition Abdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. Abdominal pain is pain

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  • Abdominal PainPresented by:Jesse Ellis

  • DefinitionAbdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin.

  • Alternative names include:Stomach pain Belly ache

    Abdominal cramps

  • CharacteristicsAbdominal pain can be sharp, dull, stabbing, cramp-like, knifelike, twisting, or piercing. Many other types of pain are possible. Abdominal pain can be brief, lasting for a few minutes, or it may persist for several hours and longer. Sometimes abdominal pain comes on strongly for a while and then lessens in intensity for a while. Sometimes abdominal pain can hurt so much that the patient may throw up, with no respite in the pain. Other times, vomiting eases the pain. Abdominal pain can make the patient want to stay in one place and not move a muscle. Or the pain can make them so restless they want to pace around trying to find "just the right position." Source: Abdominal Pain in Adults

  • CausesExcessive GasLactose IntoleranceIBSIndigestion/HeartburnGastroesophageal Reflux (GERD)CholecystitisAppendicitisBowel ObstructionFood AllergyFood PoisoningHerniaViral GastroenteritisKidney StonesUTIPancreatitisIntussusceptionDissecting Aortic AneurysmParasite Infection (Giardia)Sickle Cell CrisisChrons DiseaseUlcerative ColitisEndometriosisUterine Fibroids & cystsPolycystic Kidney Disease

  • The Fantastic 4

  • Right Upper Quadrant PainDiagnosisCholecystitisHepatitis (all forms)Liver CancerChlamydiaCirrhosis

    Source: Healthline.com

  • CholecystitisInflammation of the gallbladder wall.Symptoms:Pain Nausea Chronic pain Feels hot to touch

    Source: Healthline.com

  • HepatitisHepatitis ASymptoms:Loss of appetite Body ache Pain Headache

    Hepatitis BSymptoms:Loss of appetite Pain Abdominal pain Ascites

    Source: Healthline.com

  • Hepatitis continuedHepatitis CSymptoms:Vomiting Joint pain Itching Body ache

    Source: Healthline.com

    Hepatitis D aka Delta AgentSymptoms:Loss of appetite Body ache Abdominal pain Pain

  • Liver CancerHigh mortality rate2 Types:PrimaryMetastaticSymptoms:Back pain Gastrointestinal bleeding Fever Shoulder pain

    Source: Healthline.com

  • ChlamydiaMost commonly sexually transmitted; it is a disease caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. Symptoms:Loss of appetite Weight loss Discharge from anus Fertility problem

    Source: Healthline.com

  • CirrhosisScarring of the liver and poor liver function as a result of chronic liver disease.Symptoms:Blood in stool Swollen feet Problem getting an erection Cannot sustain an erection Source: Healthline.com

  • Left Upper Quadrant Pain DiagnosisSplenomegalyHiatal HerniaGastritisGastric CarcinomaCascade Stomach (congenital & rare)Gastric Ulcer

    Source: Healthline.com & Wrongdiagnosis.com

  • SplenomegalySymptoms:Inability to eat a large mealPain on the upper left side of the abdomenHiccups

    Source: Healthline.com

  • Hiatal Hernia2 Types:Sliding (M/C)Para-esophageal

    Leads to GERDAssociated symptoms:heartburn regurgitation nausea

  • GastritisInflammation of the stomach lining.Symptoms:Nausea or recurrent upset stomach Abdominal bloating Abdominal pain Vomiting Indigestion Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night Hiccups Loss of appetite Vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material Black, tarry stools

    Source: WebMD

  • Gastric CarcinomaMore likely w/familial historySymptoms: (Often not due to the cancer)Discomfort or pain in the stomach areaDifficulty swallowingNausea and vomitingWeight lossFeeling full or bloated after a small mealVomiting blood or having blood in the stool

    Source:

  • Gastric UlcerSymptoms:Gastric ulcers generally cause a dull aching pain, often right after eating. Making a meal can often cause an increase in pain Eating will not relieve pain as is the case with other types of ulcers Indigestion and heartburn, or acid reflux Nagging pain in the upper abdomen area below your breastbone Episodes of nausea A noticeable loss of appetite Unplanned weight loss Another less common symptom of a gastric ulcer is that about 3 in every 10 people are woken up at night by dull ulcer pains this usually happens 3- 4 hours after eating.

    Source: ulcer-cure.com

  • Left Lower Quadrant PainDiagnosisIntussusceptionSigmoid Colon DiverticulitisIschemic Colitis

  • IntussusceptionMostly occurs in babies.Symptoms:Severe abdominal colic Screaming infant Vomiting Blood in feces Bowel obstruction Source: Wrongdiagnosis.com

  • Sigmoid Colon DiverticulitisRupture of the colon diverticuliSymptoms:abdominal crampingconstipationdiarrhea

  • Ischemic ColitisInflammation to part of the colon that can lead to permanent damage.Symptoms:Abdominal pain, tenderness or cramping, usually localized to the lower left side of your abdomen; the onset can be sudden or gradual Low-grade fever Bright red or maroon-colored blood in your stool or, at times, passage of blood without stool A feeling of urgency to move your bowels Diarrhea Nausea Vomiting Source: MayoClinc.com

  • Right Lower Quadrant PainDiagnosisAppendicitisMeckel DiverticulitisTuberculosis Infection of Terminal IleumWhipple DiseaseCecal Diverticulitis

  • AppendicitisSymptoms:Initially diffuse, poorly localized painLoss of appetiteNauseaVomiting

  • Meckel DiverticulitisOccurs mostly in children under 10 years of age.Symptoms:Rectal bleedingPain & vomitingTirednessWeakness

  • Tuberculosis Infection of Terminal IleumPathologically GI TB is characterized by inflammation and fibrosis of the bowel wall and the regional lymph nodes. Mucosal ulceration results from necrosis of Peyer patches, lymph follicles, and vascular thrombosis. At this stage of the disease, the changes are reversible and healing without scarring is possible. As the disease progresses, the ulceration becomes confluent, and extensive fibrosis leads to bowel wall thickening, fibrosis, and pseudotumoral mass lesions. Strictures and fistulae formation may occur. Source: emedicine.medscape.com

  • Tuberculosis Infection of Terminal IleumOn gross pathologic examination, intestinal TB can be classified into 3 categories: The ulcerative form of TB is seen in approximately 60% of patients. Multiple superficial ulcers are largely confined to the epithelial surface. This is considered a highly active form of the disease, with the long axis of the ulcers perpendicular to the long axis of the bowel.The hypertrophic form is seen in approximately 10% of patients and consists of thickening of the bowel wall with scarring; fibrosis; and a rigid, masslike appearance that mimics that of a carcinoma.The ulcerohypertrophic form is a subtype seen in 30% of patients. These patients have a combination of features of the ulcerative and hypertrophic forms.Source: emedicine.medscape.com

  • Chronic ileocaecal tuberculosisSource: emedicine.medscape.com

  • Whipple DiseaseWhipple's disease is a rare bacterial infection that most often affects your gastrointestinal system. Whipple's disease interferes with normal digestion, impairing the breakdown of foods, such as fats and carbohydrates, and hampering your body's ability to absorb nutrients. In addition to affecting your intestinal tract, Whipple's disease can infect other organs, including your brain, heart, joints and eyes.Source: MayoClinic.com

  • Whipple DiseaseCommon Symptoms:DiarrheaAbdominal cramping & painWeight loss

    Source: MayoClinic.com

  • Whipple DiseaseLess Common Symptoms:Low-grade fever Cough Enlarged lymph nodes Skin darkening (hyperpigmentation) in areas exposed to the sun and in scars Discomfort while breathing, due to inflammation of the membranes lining your lungs (pleurisy) Heart murmurs Enlarged spleen

    Neurologic Symptoms:Difficulty walking Visual impairment, including lack of control of eye movements Seizures Confusion Memory loss

    Source: MayoClinic.com

  • Bilateral Upper ConditionsAcute PancreatitisPolycystic Kidney Disease

  • Acute PancreatitisInflammation of the pancreas.

    Symptoms:Abnormal heart rhythms Epigastric pain Aversion to food or drink Abdominal pain radiating to the back

    Source: Healthline.com

  • Polycystic Kidney DiseaseHereditarySymptoms:High blood pressure Back or side pain related to enlarged kidneys Headache Increase in the size of your abdomen Blood in your urine Frequent urination Kidney stones Kidney failure Urinary tract or kidney infections Source: MayoClinic.com

  • Normal Vs. Polycystic Kidney

  • Bilateral Lower ConditionsOvarian problemsAbdominal Aortic AneurysmDissecting AASpine & Pelvic problems

  • Ovarian ProblemsCysts (congenital)TumorsMumpsEndometriosisOophritisSalpingitisEctopic PregnancySource: Wrongdiagnosis.com

  • AAAOften symptomless.A deep, boring pain may be present.Felt mainly in the middle of the abdomen.Steady pain that can be relieved by changing position.May produce abdominal pulsations.Is often found incidentally w/ Ultrasound or CT.

  • Dissecting AAOccurs when a longitudinal split appears in the lining of the aorta that separates the middle layer from the intact outer layer.3X more common in men.More common in black men.Less common among Asians. occur in people between 40 & 70 yoa.Often fatal.

  • Spine & Pelvic ProblemsThoracic Disc BulgeCan be confused w/ cholecystitis and appendicitis.Pelvic Inflammatory DiseaseAbdominal pain may be accompanied by abnormal uternine bleeding, unusual/heavy vaginal discharge, & painful urination & sexual intercourse.Ot