A researcher’s perspective of regulatory issues

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A researcher’s perspective of regulatory issues. Dr. Maria A. Wimmer Professor and Head of Research Group eGovernment wimmer@uni-koblenz.de http://www.uni-koblenz.de/agvinf/. Agenda. Current context of regulations in cross-sectorial relationships - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • A researchers perspective of regulatory issuesDr. Maria A. WimmerProfessor and Head of Research Group eGovernmentwimmer@uni-koblenz.de http://www.uni-koblenz.de/agvinf/

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    AgendaCurrent context of regulations in cross-sectorial relationshipsFuture visions of society, State and governmentsThe impact of technology on society and StatesKeeping pace with the fast technological evolution

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Sectors of Society

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Traditional relationships among actors in the public sector

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Traditional relationships among the public and the other sectorsGovernments regulate society and demand citizens to fulfill their duties towards the State

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    The sectors enacting their rights in democraciesCitizens exercise their rights in democracy through voting and democratic deliberation

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    AgendaCurrent context of regulations in cross-sectorial relationshipsFuture visions of society, State and governmentsThe impact of technology on society and StatesKeeping pace with the fast technological evolution

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Scenario example: Ambient government[Stable environment, trust in government, government focus on inclusive services]Abstract: Government is all around. Citizens have a high confidence in government to effectively and efficiently settle issues for the common good. They are helped by a stable development of key environment variables.Society and contextEuropeanizationStandardisationHigh investments into education as prevention measurementInternet communities

    Government Cooperation between Europes governmentsCentral EU eProcurementNo physical contact (high quality of eServices)Political power at EU and local level raises, decrease at national levelTransparent decision-makingPublic-Private Partnerships

    ICTCommunication across culturesICT as driver e.g. economic growthUniversal wireless networksSecurity standardsSector-specific regulationService-oriented architecture

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Scenario example: Incident politics[Disruptive environment, distrust in government, government focus on core business]Two-class- society: On one hand young, well-educated citizens always on the move and always on the run. On the other hand old citizens with only little understanding of existing ICT. Society has become largely individualistic, with only a small role for government that is distrusted. A disruptive environment is the reason why citizens demand security, and ICT is deployed for that purposes, as well as to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of government. Society and contextSocial exclusion, digital divideInstable environment (terrorism, wars, etc.)Ageing societyPrivacy subordinated to security Individualism and self-responsibilityNationalism, Europe breaks down Government Problems with providing essential services Restricted role in legal & governmental issuesSimplification of procedures and organisational structuresCooperation and common policy Depersonalised interaction between government and citizensICTRemote monitoring Implanted deviceseParticipationeServicesUbiquitous Digital Right Management

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    AgendaCurrent context of regulations in cross-sectorial relationshipsFuture visions of society, State and governmentsThe impact of technology on society and StatesKeeping pace with the fast technological evolution

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    The impact of technology on society and StatesInternet as a global virtual space without bordersAnywhere and any time Whatever one is searching forDo we need to regulate the virtual space ???

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    The impact of technology on society and StatesFull electronic markets and eBusiness Technology has become an ordinary means of businessBusiness processes have been streamlined Regulation? Transformation of traditional practice, some digital rights, driven by demand and offer Social life gets more and more onto virtual spacesSocial networks and communities such as youtube, Flickr, Facebook, etc.Self-regulation, everywhere present, any information you want to provide

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Public sector online servicesGovernment eServices improvingRegulated mostly in existing laws, some new eGov actsLaw becomes accessible for free via the internetDo citizens understand the laws without translation into their daily language?Jurisdiction becomes accessible Parliaments provide in part eVoting mechanismsParliaments start to get citizens more engaged through online media

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

  • What is the role of Parliaments and Governments in a virtual world?

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    What happens in a virtual world?

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Virtual communitiesSecond lifeSocial networkseDemocracy & eGovernmentVirtual State?eCitizenship?eBusinesseCollaborationVirtual organizationseCollaborationVirtual communities

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    What happens in a virtual world?

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Virtual communitiesSecond lifeSocial networkseDemocracy & eGovernmentVirtual State?eCitizenship?eBusinesseCollaborationVirtual organizationseCollaborationVirtual communities

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    What happens in a virtual world?????

    Civil sectorPublic sectorPrivate sectorNot-for-profit sector

    Virtual communitiesSecond lifeSocial networkseDemocracy & eGovernmentVirtual State?eCitizenship?eBusinesseCollaborationVirtual organizationseCollaborationVirtual communities

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    AgendaCurrent context of regulations in cross-sectorial relationshipsFuture visions of society, State and governmentsThe impact of technology on society and StatesKeeping pace with the fast technological evolution

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Some thoughts on interdependent aspects Regulatory frameworks are heavily impacted by the emerging technologies and the fast adoption by the civil and the private sector Regulations are often constraining the application of newly emerging technologies and applications for citizen participation in democratic processes Mismatch between the stability of regulatory frameworks and fast advancements of technologies, and the private communities and markets adopting them

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    13 Crucial Themes for Future eGoverment Research Trust in eGovernment Semantic and cultural interoperability of public services Assessing the value of government ICT investments E-participation, citizen engagement and democratic processes Mission-oriented goals and performance management Cyber infrastructures for eGovernment Information qualityOntology and intelligent information and knowledge management Governance of public-private-civic sector relationships Governments role in the virtual world Crossing borders and the need for governance capabilities eGovernment in the context of socio-demographic change Data privacy and personal identity

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Governments role in the virtual worldAbstract: Global electronic markets, virtual organizations, virtual identities, virtual products and services, and Internet-related crime are growing in prominence and importance. In a world that is increasingly non-physical and borderless, what are governments roles, responsibilities and limitations?

    Key words: intellectual property, government in cyberspace, regulating the virtual world

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Governments role in the virtual world

    Council of Europe Forum for the Future of Democracy, 15-17 October 2008

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    Data privacy and personal identity

    Abstract: Data privacy and personal identity have become important aspects in the Information Society. On the one hand, the potential of modern ICT could be exploited to take advantage of personal information to improve the performance and quality of government services. On the other hand, privacy and personal data need to be secured and protected in order to prevent misuse and fraud. What policies, protocols, and data management mechanisms are needed to balance individual privacy protection with effective and efficient use of that information by government?

    Key words: data privacy, identity management, efficiency of services