Click here to load reader

948 Handling Balance Sheets and Pal Statements in Sap Bw 30

  • View
    65

  • Download
    5

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

948 Handling Balance Sheets and Pal Statements in Sap Bw 30

Text of 948 Handling Balance Sheets and Pal Statements in Sap Bw 30

  • Handling Balance Sheetsand P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0Jie Deng, Product Management BISAP AG

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 2

    Agenda

    What is new for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B

    How does SAP support Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    How does the Architecture look at first sight

    What do you need to know about the detailed Data Modeling

    How to implement your own content for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    Summary

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 3

    Agenda

    What is new for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B

    How does SAP support Balance Sheet and P&L Statements

    How does the Architecture look at first sight

    What do you need to know about the detailed Data Modeling

    How to implement your own content for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    Summary

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 4

    Definition of Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    Balance Sheets and P&L statements represent a picture of the financial position of a company at a point in time (typically, at the end of a reporting period)

    The resources (assets), both financial and property, are displayed on the left-hand side of the balance sheet

    Claims (liabilities and equity) against those resources are displayed on the right-hand side of the balance sheet

    To balance, the assets of the company must be equal to the claims (liabilities and equity) against those resources

    The profit and loss statement summarizes the revenues generated and expenses incurred for a specific period

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 5

    Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW

    View and analyze Balance Sheets and P&L statements as of BW 3.0B Support Package 18

    Include balance-dependent position of accounts (Contra items) and the calculation of retained earnings in the balance sheet/P&L structure

    Contra item: The balance of certain financial statement items should be

    reversed It is necessary to show the value on the other side of the balance

    sheet Within a consolidation chart of accounts, you can assign to such

    FS items an FS item of the other side of the balance sheet, a so-called contra item

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 6

    Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B

    Contra Item

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 7

    Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B (cont.)

    Contra Item

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 8

    Agenda

    What is new for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B

    How does SAP support Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    How does the Architecture look at first sight

    What do you need to know about the detailed Data Modeling

    How to implement your own content for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    Summary

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 9

    How SAP BW Supports Balance Sheet and P&L Statements

    Balance Sheet and P&L statements are available starting withSAP BW 3.0B Support Package 18

    Period Accounting and Cost of Sales Accounting (for US GAAP) are supported by the standard Business Content InfoCube:

    0FIGL_VC1: General Ledger : Financial Statements 0FIGL_VC2: Cost of Sales Ledger : Financial Statements

    Queries: 0FIGL_VC1_Q0001 Balance Sheet and P&L: Actual/Actual

    Comparison 0FIGL_VC2_Q0001 Balance Sheet and P&L (Cost-of-Sales

    Account): Actual/Actual Comparison

    Different structures for balance sheets or profit & lossstatements can be uploaded from the source system and used as display hierarchies

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 10

    Agenda

    What is new for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B

    How does SAP support Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    How does the Architecture look at first sight

    What do you need to know about the detailed Data Modeling

    How to implement your own content for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    Summary

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 11

    Architecture in a Quick View

    Function module:RS_BCT_FIGL_DATA_GET

    Virtual InfoCubewith Services

    Hierarchy Table0GLACCEXT

    General Ledger: Financial Statements

    Cost of Sales Ledger: Financial Statements

    General Ledger: Transactional Figures

    Cost of Sales Ledger: Transactional Figures

    Basis InfoCube

    By using Virtual Cubes with Services the problem of displaying balance-dependent positions of accounts (Contra Items) has been solved!

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 12

    Virtual InfoCube with Services as a Kind of InfoProvider in SAP BW 3.0B

    R

    e

    p

    o

    r

    t

    i

    n

    g

    O

    n

    l

    y

    C

    o

    n

    t

    a

    i

    n

    i

    n

    g

    D

    a

    t

    a

    Master Data

    Basic InfoCube

    MultiProvider

    InfoSet

    ODS Object

    Virtual InfoCube

    InfoProvider Interface

    OLAP Engine

    BusinessExplorer

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 13

    Virtual InfoCube with Services

    Overview Does not have its own physical data storage in SAP BW A user-defined function module is used as a DataSource The properties of the DataSource can be defined more precisely with

    a number of options

    Use A virtual InfoCube with services can be used if you want to display

    data from non-BW data sources in SAP BW without having to copy the data to the SAP BW structures

    The "classical" SAP RemoteCube via SAPI is also mapped into a virtual InfoProvider with services, with the default options of NO SID support, NO navigational attribute support, and convert restrictions

    The data can be either local or remote You can also change the data with your own calculations before

    passing it to the OLAP processor

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 14

    Agenda

    What is new for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements in SAP BW 3.0B

    How does SAP support Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    How does the Architecture look at first sight

    What do you need to know about the detailed Data Modeling

    How to implement your own content for Balance Sheets and P&L Statements

    Summary

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 15

    Balance-Dependent Position

    Balance-dependent position of accounts (Contra Item) in thebalance sheet hierarchy Conditional exception aggregation (balance sheet aggregation)

    is done by Service Function Module

    Valid for the characteristic Balance Sheet/P&L statement Item (0GLACCEXT)

    The used balance sheet hierarchy needs a special attribute: Balance Dependency of a Hierarchy Node (0BAL_DEPEND)

    Fixed text table for InfoObject 0BAL_DEPEND: No Balance dependency ( ): Suppress Balance if positive (1) Suppress Balance if negative (2)

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 16

    Balance Sheet Structure: Balance-DependentAssignment of G/L Accounts

    Bank Account 4713

    Bank Account 4712

    Bank Account 4711

    10000-100000

    Payables Bank 1

    80000-800000

    -50000500000

    40000-400000

    40000-400000Payables

    Bank Account 4713

    Bank Account 4712

    Bank Account 4711

    Credit Bank 1

    Capital

    Current Assets

    Fixed Assets

    -120000-140000-260000

    -80000-180000-260000Liabilities

    -10000010000

    -500000-50000

    1000000100000

    60000060000

    60000060000

    20000180000200000

    80000180000260000Assets

    DifferenceFiscal Year1999

    Fiscal Year 2000Balance Sheet StructureTotal of these

    accounts is positive, then these accounts should be displayed on the side of Assets

    Total of these accounts is negative, then these accounts should be displayed on the side of liabilities

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 17

    Master Data: Balance Sheet/P&L Statement Item

    Balance Sheet/P&L statement item: InfoObject 0GLACCEXT Contains G/L account or functional area Hierarchy Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Structure

    Key composition of InfoObject 0GLACCEXT

    Chart of Accounts(4 Char) G/L account or

    Functional area (12 Char)Position Indicator (1 Char)1 Account is assigned to Assets2 Account is assigned to Liabilities Default

    Type (1 Char):A G/L accountF Functional area

    E.g.

    INT 000000113100 A1

    Conversion Exit ACCEX: internal external representationExample: INT 000000113100 1A INT/113100

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 18

    Attribute 0BAL_DEPEND

    The balance sheet hierarchy uses the attribute 0BAL_DEPEND. Thishas three different values:

    Normal aggregation (default value): The accounts are fixed either on the assets side or on the liabilitiesside of the balance sheet this is valid for the most accounts

    Some accounts need to be flexibly displayed in the hierarchy, dependent on their current state. For these, the following two valuesare relevant:

    Aggregation only with debit sign (1):The leading sign of the accounts sum will be checked if it ispositive, the accounts will be aggregated to the leading node and displayed on the assets side

    Aggregation only with credit sign (2):The leading sign of the accounts sum will be checked if it isnegative, the accounts will be aggregated to the leading node and displayed on the libilities side

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 19

    Hierarchy: Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Structure

    Assets

    Attribute 0BAL_DPEND = 1

    Attribute 0BAL_DPEND = 2

    Liabilities

  • SAP AG 2005, Jie Deng / 20

    Transaction Data

    2 Virtual InfoCubes: General Ledger Accounting (0FIGL_VC1)

Search related