Доместикация в Арктике и этнография Сибири arctic Domestication and the Ethnography of Siberia

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Доместикация в Арктике и этнография Сибири arctic Domestication and the Ethnography of Siberia. IX Международня конференция «Сибирские чтения» IX International Conference on Siberian Studies St. Petersburg 28-30 October 2013. David G. Anderson - University of Aberdeen. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Доместикация в Арктике и этнография Сибири arctic Domestication...

Biosociality: New conceptions of human and or animal agency

arctic Domestication and the Ethnography of SiberiaIX IX International Conference on Siberian StudiesSt. Petersburg 28-30 October 2013

This keynote address was supported by ERC AdG 295548David G. Anderson - University of Aberdeen The theme of domestication is an old, if not well-worn trope.Capturing, the very essence of the human condition, it attracts wide attention from ancient scholars to laboratory scientists.The traditional dimensions of domesticationDomestic breeds thought to differ physiologically from wild types.They are exploited economicallyDomestication is closely linked to human social complexity, property and authority, and ethnogenesis

2 , , . , . :, , , 2On Domestication, again New models and new techniques have raised new questions:

Questioning pure or natural types while redefining what is socialQuestioning the trope of an originReplacing models of domination with emplaced or architectural modelsA new model of agency in human-animal relations

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Reading Siberia 4Landscapes of KnowledgeAccording to the geographer David Livingston (2010), knowledge is formed in particular spaces.Where Canadian geographers find the struggle for existence Siberian geographers find mutual aid.Readings similarly differ from one context to the next, and reading a text in a different place is in way an experiment. 5 (2010), . , . ,

Biosocial Readings of Siberia XVIII - . IX , - - . It was a proverbial imprecation in use among the hunting nations on the confines of Siberia, that their enemy might be obliged to live like a Tartar, and be seized with the folly of breeding and attending his cattle. (Ferguson 1767: 142)

Adam Ferguson 1723-18166Ethnogenetic readings of Siberian objects7

.. .. , . - . / -. : .Reading agency through animals8

, . Animals act. , , , ., , . .9The frontiers of the social 10 (1989) . . , ,

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Local Pedigrees , , . , . :

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Wild and tame as natural objects . , . , , . 15Predators: Wolf Society , , :

16searching for origins 17Arctic Domestication and the Neolithic Revolution

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1818Cultural Hearths: Points of Cultural Warmth . , , ., .

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- ( .. ) ( .. 2003)Genetic Markers Open a Window on Domestication . - . :[] . . .

Ollivier et al. 201320From trust to domination 21

From Trust to Domination . , ,

What is lacking in mutual sympathy is made up through physical force in the form of the lasso, whip, tether or hobble. (Ingold 1980: 96). 4 2013

. 199922Architectures of Domestication , . , .

. 1996 . . , - 2013 ( ..)23

2002

Architectures of Domestication : (Beach & Stammler)

(Hiroki Takakura 2010)

24 1993Architectures of Domestication : (Beach & Stammler)

- (Schleit & Shatler)

[niche construction] (Smith)

25(Anderson, Ineshin, Kulagin, Lavento & Vinkovskaya 2014)The Ontological Turn in Siberia 10 , , , - 26

Eduardo Viveiros de Castro (1951- )

Describing Agency 27Agency: not a boundary object agency .Agency , XVIII . .28

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Somewhere, we have lost our knack for description and become lost in the words we use.Both etnos, and agency, are better described than being fixed, bounded objects.Prosaic ethnography helps us avoid the trap of writing chronicles of boundary objects.Prosaic ethnography, however is less scientific.

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!31Architectures of Domestication : (Beach & Stammler)

- (Schleit & Shatler)

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: -, , , (/) 33 / ( )34

Roberte Hamayon (1939- )

, ( ) - , .35 ( ) , 36