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1 E-Commerce and Operations Management

E commerce and operations management ppt @ bec doms

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E commerce and operations management ppt @ bec doms

Text of E commerce and operations management ppt @ bec doms

  • 1.E-Commerce and Operations Management

2. Outline

    • E-commerce Definitions
    • Online Catalogues
    • RFQs and Bid Packaging
    • Internet Outsourcing
    • On-line Auctions

3. Outline - Continued

    • Warehousing for E-commerce
    • Just-in-Time Delivery for E-commerce
    • Coordinated Pickup and Delivery
    • Logistics Cost Reduction

4. Learning Objectives

  • When you complete this supplement, you should be able to :
  • Identify or Define :
    • E-commerce
    • E-business
    • Online catalogues
    • Outsourcing
    • E-procurement
  • Describe or Explain :
    • How E-commerce is changing the supply chain
    • Online auctions
    • Pass-through warehouses

5. E-Commerce

  • The use of computer networks, primarily the internet, to buy and sell products, services, and information.

6. E-Business

  • all about cycle time, speed, globalization, enhanced productivity, reaching new customers and sharing knowledge across institutions for competitive advantage.

Louis Gerstner, Chairman, IBM 7. E-Commerce Definitions

  • Business-to business (B2B)Both sides of the transaction are businesses, non-profit organizations, or governments.
  • Business-to-consumer (B2C)E-commerce transactions where customers are individual consumers
  • Consumer-to-consumer (C2C)Consumers sell directly to each other.
  • Consumer-to-business (C2B)Individuals sell services or goods to businesses

8. Types of E-Commerce Transactions Business Consumer Business B2B GM/Ford/Daimlers Covisint exchange B2C Amazon, Dell, Net Grocer.com Consumer C2B Priceline, Travelocity C2C Ebay 9. Types of Information Offered by Business-to-Business Applications

  • Product - drawings, specifications, video or simulation demonstrations, prices
  • Production Processes - capacities, commitments, product plans
  • Transportation - carriers, lead times, costs
  • Inventory - inventory tracking, levels, costs, and location

10. Types of Information Offered by Business-to-Business Applications - Continued

  • Suppliers - product catalogue, quality history, lead times, terms, and conditions
  • Supply Chain Alliances - key contact, partners roles and responsibilities, and schedules
  • Supply Chain Process and Performance - process descriptions, performance measures such as quality and delivery

11. Types of Information Offered by Business-to-Business Applications - Continued

  • Sales and Marketing - point-of-sale (POS) data entry, promotions, pricing, discounts
  • Customer - sales history and forecasts

12. Security in the E-Commerce Environment

  • Serious issue!
    • Multiple deprivation of service attacks on e-commerce web sites 2/6 - 2/11, 2000; also, the attack of October 21, 2002, which flooded all 13 of the root servers of the Internet Domain Name System (DNS) (on main internet servers)
  • Security of data, proprietary business information
  • Impact on the volume of sales and on the bottom line.

13. Benefits of E-commerce

  • Improved, lower cost information
  • Lower entry costs
  • Available 24/7, virtually anywhere in the world
  • Availability expands markets for both buyers and sellers
  • Decreases the cost of paper-based information
  • Reduces the cost of communication
  • Provides richer communication than traditional means
  • Fast delivery of digitized products
  • Increased flexibility of location

14. Limitations of E-commerce

  • Lack of system security, reliability and standards
  • Lack of privacy
  • Insufficient bandwidth
  • Integrating e-commerce software with existing software is still a challenge
  • Lack of trust in (1) unknowns on the other end of the transaction, (2) integrity of the transaction itself, and(3) electronic money that is only bits and bytes

15. Impact on Product Design

  • Shorter life cycles require faster product development and lead to time-based competition
  • Greater use of shared knowledge and collaboration - decreased development costs
  • More data sharing with suppliers and strategic partners

16. E-Procurement

  • Purchasing or order release communicated over the internet or via approved online vendor catalogues

17. Online Catalogues

  • Information about products made available in electronic form via the Internet.
    • Provided by vendors
    • Developed by buyers
    • Provided by intermediaries
  • Often incorporate voice and video

18. Internet Trading Exchanges

  • Health care products: set up by Johnson & Johnson, G.E. Medical Systems, Baxter International, Abbott Laboratories, and Medtronic Inc.; called the Global Health Care Exchange (ghx.com)
  • Defense and aerospace products: created by Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed-Martin, and Britains BAE Systems; called the Aerospace and Defense Industry Trading Exchange (exostar.com)
  • Food, beverage, consumer products: set up by 49 leading food and beverage firms; called Transora (transora.com)
  • Retail goods: setup by Sears and Frances Carrefour; called Global Net Xchange, for retailers (gnx)

19. Internet Trading Exchanges - Continued

  • Steel and metal products: such as New View Technologies (exchange.e-steel.com); and Metal-Site (metalsite.com)
  • Construction Industry: set up by Bechtel, Flour, and G.E. Power Systems (citadm.com) is one of 5 construction industry exchanges
  • Hotels: created by Marriott and Hyatt, and later joined by Fairmont, Six Continents, and Club Corp, Called Aventra (aventra.com) buys for 2,800 hotels

20. Traditional Medical Supply Chain Manual processes Hospital Group purchasing organization for small, independent hospitals Distributor Supplier 21. On-Line Medical Supply Chain On-line Global Health Care Automated web-based processes Hospital Group purchasing organization for small, independent hospitals Distributor Supplier 22. E-Commerce and Requests for Quotes (RFQs)

  • Extensive databases of supplier information, and ability to rapidly transfer specifications to vendors reduces time and costs

23. Online Auctions

  • Useful for disposing of excess raw material, and discontinued and excess inventory
  • Online auctions lower entry barriers and increase the potential number of customers


  • Significant savings (10%)
  • Requires new skills and staffing in procurement area

E-Procurement 25. Inventory Tracking

  • Mass customization requires knowledge of location of all goods
  • Requires data collection, barcode technology, RF and electronic communications to track inventory in transit, on the shop floor, and in the warehouse
  • Customers can learn what is happening with their order

26. Warehousing for E-Commerce

  • E-commerce warehouse is less a warehouse than a pass through facility.

27. FedEx and Dell Computer

  • FedEx operates warehouses that pick, pack, test, and assemble products, then handle delivery and even customs clearance
  • FedExs Virtual Orderintegrates different companies web catalogues and customer orders for Dell; and then fulfills orders and delivers them through its fleet of trucks and planes.

28. E-Commerce and JIT

  • E-commerce coordinates the suppliers inventory system with the service capabilities of the delivery firm.

29. Scheduling and Logistics Improvements

  • Coordinated pickup and delivery
    • Fed Ex merges orders in transit
  • Logistics cost reduction
    • Greater capacity utilization