How to Develop a Critical Eye

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    26-Jun-2015

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This powerpoint presentation will help you develop a critical eye for critqueing photos.

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  • 1. How toDevelop aCritical EyeBy: Quinn Colquhoun

2. Critiquing3Basic Questions to ask: What is goodabout it? What is not good? How could itbe better? A 4th question that could be asked iswhere do you start? This is usually done in groups Critiquing can be both negative andpositive comments Fact: Its harder to critique your own workbecause youre closer to it. 3. Style Its a stylistic theme that connects all theimages of a photographers worktogether, its interpretation, moodpersonal matter. 4. Standards It is skill, factual not opinionated. It includes 4 things: Value Clarity Composition Presentation 5. Value Value is the range of light from black togray to white. The more contrast the longer you have todevelop and greater visual impact. It is good to look for contrast though thereare exceptions, for example if its all thesame color then there is no interest in thephoto. Having shades and definingshapes are good elements to have. Grays: clear grays are good, muddy graysarent so good. 6. Value A question to ask yourself would be Howcould it be better? To think about: if it looks muddy then there isnot enough light exposure, if it has highlightsthen there is too much light exposure. To get more contrast you can leave it in thedeveloper longer, if you leave it in shorterthen it will be too low and look weak. 7. Clarity Clarity is the correct focus. There are two major kinds of focus: Sharp Focus Soft focus Sharp Focus- clearly defined, lessdistracting, accentuates. Soft Focus- edges blurred, though it canobscure blemishes and enhance the mood,make it dreamy. Questions to ask: Whats in focus? Whatshould be in focus? Whats not in focus? Whynot? 8. Clarity The Focal Point should be the center of interest. The shutter speed and degree of contrastbetween the subject and background will affectthe clarity as well. Same with the light, value, andline of composition. Depth of field- range of distance that will be infocus at any time, it decreases when apertureincreases. After you focus you shouldnt move.Also, camera shake is very common when yourfocus is very low, to keep it from happening use atripod or something that will keep your hand andcamera steady. 9. Presentation Presentationis how clean it is. If there are white specks such asglitches, scuzz, etc, fingerprints, scratches, and/or dark circles(from pooragitation) then its not clean. What is clean is if there are neatlytrimmed edges, squared corners, andproper adhesion to the mat board. 10. Composition Point if interest: Is there one? Does it stand out? The photo should have a single dominant element thatshould be near the middle. Cropping: The way it is framed. Is it tight? Filled or wasted space? Negative space or blank areas can enhance a photo ifit interacts with the central image. Balance: top heavy, lopsided or boring? Two ways: Static- just sits there, weight the composition near center. Dynamic- movement, weighing composition away fromthe middle, in the corners. 11. Composition Lines: Can pull or point viewers eye towards oraway from the point of interest. Increasing or decreasing the photos drama. There should be Visual Tension. 12. Aesthetics Style- elusive something that makes thedifference between a skillful photograph andgenuine art. Photos will have all the elements but theywork together and other photos will bemissing some of the elements and it will workvery well. Its like magic. A photo having something or not havingsomething. 13. Practice: (This Photo is fromthe Developing a Critical EyeChapter in a book) 14. This photo was taken by JoePellicone, Called On TheWaters Edge 15. This Photo is by Rudy Pollak 16. Website for the Photos http://www.ppgny.org/photos-members- can-upload-imag/scenics/ 17. THE END