Top 10 Most Famous/Most Visited landmarks

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  1. 1. Banaue RiceTerraces Angel FallsEaster IslandHeadsTop 10 Most Famous/MostVisitors LandmarksHello!This is the slide presentation for you to know the Top 10 MostFamous/Most Visited Landmarks.Enjoy the reading!All thepictures(as in all showed in the presentation)are not editedMayon VolcanoGreatBarrier ReefTaal Volcanoand Lake
  2. 2. Top 10:Christ the RedeemerThe Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese:Cristo Redentor),is an Artdecostatue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by Frenchsculptor Paul Landowski and built by the engineer Heitor da SilvaCosta Brazil in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot.It is 30 metres (98 ft) tall, not including its 8-metre (26 ft)pedestal,and its arms stretch 28 metres (92 ft) wide.The statue weighs 635tonnes (625 long, 700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the TijucaForest National Park overlooking the city of Rio. As a symbol ofBrazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiroand Brazil.It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and wasconstructed between 1922 and 1931.
  3. 3. Some Facts About Christ the RedeemerChrist the Redeemer statue was builtexclusively on the money donated by theCatholic community of Brazil.Christ holding open arms was one out of 3initial architectural drafts options for thestatue. The other proposals included Christholding a globe and a cross.The statue was officially presented to thepublic by the Brazilian president Getulio Vargasin 1932.Christ the Redeemer Statue is thetallest religious statue in the world with totalheight reaching 40.44 meters including itsfoundation.In order to reach the statue you need to climb220 steps, however a escalators was builtrecently to allow its older or weaker visitors tobe able to get to the viewing area.
  4. 4. Top 9:The ColosseumThe Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin:AmphitheatrumFlavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio or Colosseo) is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of thecity of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone,it was the largest amphitheatre of the RomanEmpire, and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It isthe largest amphitheatre in the world.The Colosseum is situated just east of the Roman Forum.Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 70 AD,and was completed in 80 AD underhis successor and heir Titus.Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian(8196).These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was namedin Latin for its association with their family name(Flavius).The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators,and was usedfor gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles,animal hunts,executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. Thebuilding ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused forsuch purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and aChristian shrine.Although in the 21st century it stays partially ruined because of damage causedby devastating earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is an iconic symbol of ImperialRome.It is one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions and has close connections with theRoman Catholic Church, as each Good Friday the Pope leads a torchlit "Way of the Cross"procession that starts in the area around the Colosseum.In 2007 the complex was includedamong the New 7 Wonders of the World, following a competition organized by New Open WorldCorporation (NOWC).The Colosseum is also depicted on the Italian version of the five-cent eurocoin.
  5. 5. Some Facts About The ColosseumIt is thought that over 500,000 people losttheir lives and over a million wild animals werekilled throughout the duration of theColosseum hosted people vs. beast games.Festivals as well as gamescould last up to 100 daysin the Coliseum.The Coliseum in Rome has over 80 entrancesand can accommodate about50,000 spectators.Many natural disastersdevastated the structureof the Colosseum, but itwas the earthquakes of847 AD and 1231 AD thatcaused most of thedamage you see today.The last gladiatorial fights took place in435 AD.All Ancient Romans had free entry to theColosseum for events, and was also fedthroughout the show
  6. 6. Top 7:The Palace of WestminsterThe Palace of Westminster is the meeting place of the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the two houses ofthe Parliament of the United Kingdom. Commonly known as the Houses of Parliament after its tenants, the Palace lieson the Middlesex bank of the River Thames in the City of Westminster in central London. Its name, which derives fromthe neighboring Westminster Abbey, may refer to either of two structures: the Old Palace, a medieval building complexthat was destroyed by fire in 1834, and its replacement New Palace that stands today. For ceremonial purposes, thepalace retains its original style and status as a royal residence.The first royal palace was built on the site in the eleventh century, and Westminster was the primary London residenceof the Kings of England until a fire destroyed much of the complex in 1512. After that, it served as the home ofParliament, which had been meeting there since the thirteenth century, and the seat of the Royal Courts of Justice,based in and around Westminster Hall. In 1834, an even greater fire ravaged the heavily rebuilt Houses of Parliament,and the only structures of significance to survive were Westminster Hall, the Cloisters of St Stephen's, the Chapel of StMary Undercroft and the Jewel Tower.The subsequent competition for the reconstruction of the Palace was won byarchitect Charles Barry and his design for a building in the Perpendicular Gothic style. The remains of the Old Palace(with the exception of the detached Jewel Tower) were incorporated in its much larger replacement, which containsover 1,100 rooms organized symmetrically around two series of courtyards. Part of the New Palace's area of 3.24hectares (8 acres) was reclaimed from the Thames, which is the setting of its principal faade, the 266-metre (873 ft)river front. Barry was assisted by Augustus W.N. Pugin, a leading authority on Gothic architecture and style, whoprovided designs for the decoration and furnishings of the Palace. Construction started in 1840 and lasted for thirtyyears, suffering great delays and cost overruns, as well as the death of both leading architects; works for the interiordecoration continued intermittently well into the twentieth century. Major conservation work has been carried outsince, to reverse the effects of London's air pollution, and extensive repairs took place after the Second World War,including the reconstruction of the Commons Chamber following its bombing in 1941.The Palace is one of the center of political life in the United Kingdom; "Westminster" has become a metonym for the UKParliament, and the Westminster system of government has taken its name after it. The Elizabeth Tower, in particular,which is often referred to by the name of its main bell, "Big Ben", is an iconic landmark of London and the UnitedKingdom in general, one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city and an emblem of parliamentary democracy.The Palace of Westminster has been a Grade I listed building since 1970 and part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site since1987.
  7. 7. Some Facts About The Palace Of Westminster And The Big BenThe clock tower was built between 1843 and1858 and is 316 feet high and it is part of thePalace of Westminster. Although the public isnot allowed inside, there are great views fromthe nearby London Eye.Big Ben was probably named for theCommissioner of Works, Benjamin Hall, a manwell known for his large size.The minute hand on Big Ben weighs about 220pounds and is just over 12 feet long. Everyyear, the hand travels the equivalent of about118 miles.The Palace of Westminster, usually called the Houses ofParliament, is situated alongside the River Thames inWestminster, London. Britains Members of Parliament meethere.The building was designed by architect Charles Barry and built inthe 1840s, replacing an earlier building destroyed by fire. Thecomplex of buildings covers 8 acres and has over 1,100 rooms.
  8. 8. Top 8:Giza Necropolis andthe SphinxThe Giza Necropolis (pyramids of Giza") is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, onthe outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This complex of ancient monuments includes thethree pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, the massive sculpture knownas the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex. Itis located some 9 km (5 mi) inland into the desert from the old town of Giza onthe Nile, some 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Cairo city centre. The pyramids, which havehistorically loomed large as emblems of ancient Egypt in the Western imagination werepopularised in Hellenistic times, when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater ofSidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is by far the oldest of the ancientWonders and the only one still in existence.The Pyramids of Giza consist of the Great Pyramid of Giza (known as the GreatPyramid and the Pyramid of Cheops and Khufu), the somewhat smallerPyramid of Khafre (or Chephren) a few hundred meters to the south-west, andthe relatively modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure (or Mykerinos) a fewhundred meters further south-west. The Great Sphinx lies on the east side ofthe complex. Current consensus among Egyptologists is that the head of theGreat Sphinx is that of Khafre. Along with these major monuments are anumber of smaller satellite edifices, known as "queens" pyramids, causewaysand valley pyramids.
  9. 9. Some Facts About Giza Necropolis AndThe SphinxThe sphinx is a 73.5-meter (241 ft.) longmonument built during the reign of Khafre.The creature is a mythical being commonlyfound in Greek, Egyptian and even South Asianancient architecture.Contrary to popular depictions, the Egyptianpyramids were not built by large groups ofslaves or prisoners, many historians say.Egyptians were employed and archeologistsestimate the workers would have had to set a2.5 to 15 ton block every two and a halfminutes to finish Khufus pyramid in about 30years.The Sphinx sits in a shallow depression to thesouth of the pyramid of the Pharaoh Khafre(also known as Chephren) at the west bank ofthe Nile River near the city of Cairo.The mainattraction was the great Pyramid of Giza
  10. 10. Top 6:St.Peters BasilicaThe St. Peter's Basilica (Latin:Basilica Sancti Petri; Italian:Basilica di San Pietro in Vaticano)is a Late Renaissance church located within Vatican City.Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St.Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and remains one of the largest churches inthe world.While it is neither the mother church of the Catholic Church nor the Catholic Roman Rite cathedralof the Diocese of Rome, St. Peter's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It has been described as"holding a unique position in the Christian world"and as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom".By Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial site of its namesake Saint Peter, one of the twelve apostles ofJesus and, also according to tradition, the first Pope and Bishop of Rome. Tradition and strong historicalevidence hold that Saint Peter's tomb is directly below the altar of the basilica. For this reason, many Popeshave been interred at St. Peter's since the Early Christian period. There has been a church on this site sincethe time of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. Construction of the present basilica, replacingthe Old St. Peter's Basilica of the 4th century AD, began on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18November 1626.St. Peter's is famous as a place of pilgrimage, for its liturgical functions. Because of itslocation in the Vatican, the Pope presides at a number of services throughout the year, drawing audiences of15,000 to over 80,000 people, either within the Vatican Basilica, or in St. Peter's Square.St. Peter's has manystrong historical associations, with the Early Christian church, the papacy, the ProtestantReformation and Counter-reformation, and with numerous artists, most significantly Michelangelo. As awork of architecture, it is regarded as the greatest building of its age.St. Peter's is one of the four churches ofRome that hold the rank of Major Basilica. Contrary to popular misconception, it is not a cathedral as it is notthe seat of a bishop; the cathedra of the Pope (as Bishop of Rome) is located in the Archbasilica of St. JohnLateran.
  11. 11. Some Facts About St.Peters Basilica And SomeOf Its structuresThe current Basilica is actually St. Peter'sBasilica number twoThe top of the colonnade in the squareoutside contains 140 statues of varioussaints.Either way, this St. Peter has seen a lot oflove . It's tradition for people to kiss or rubhis foot when they pass byClimbing to the top of Michelangelo's domewill add 491 stairs to your exercise log.Michelangelos Piet is shielded by bullet-proofglassBerninis baldacchino is 96 feet tall
  12. 12. Top 5:The Church of the Savior on Spilled BloodThe Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood (Russian:Tserkov Spasa naKrovi) is one of the main sights of St. Petersburg, Russia. It is alsovariously called the Church on Spilt Blood (Russian:Tserkov na Krovi) andthe Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ (Russian: Sobor VoskreseniyaKhristova), its official name."The preferred Russian name for this great church is (Khram Spasa na Krovi), but each English-language touristpublication seems to list it under a different name. The name "SpilledBlood" is most popular in preference to the likes of the Church of theResurrection, Church of our Savior on the Blood, Cathedral of theAscension, Resurrection of the Christ, or Assumption, Church of theRedeemer, or any permutation of the above."This Church was built onthe site where Emperor Alexander II was assassinated and was dedicatedin his memory. It should not be confused with the Church on Blood inHonor of All Saint Resplendent in the Russian Land, located in the cityof Yekaterinburg where the former Emperor Nicholas II (18681918) andseveral members of his family and household were executed followingthe Bolshevik Revolution.
  13. 13. Some Facts About The Church of the Savior on Spilled BloodWonderful mosaics, they really glow and shine.It is based in Byzantine roots, developed with19th century Russian best artists andcraftsmen with the use of the advancedmosaic technology of that time. Wasinteresting to hear the dramatic history of thechurch. You may want to see if there is aguided tour in English (Russian-language touris included in ticket price).Architecture of this church is unique in St. Petersburg, outside is reallybeautiful , aside ri...