Basic Hindi | Lesson 8 | Common interrogations and replies

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Text of Basic Hindi | Lesson 8 | Common interrogations and replies

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Namast! Lesson 8| Basic Hindi

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Lesson object

1 Common interrogations and replies

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Revision : Postpositions

English Hindi

From S

At M

In M

On P / k / m

Of k

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Revision : Basic interrogatives

English Hindi

How much/many? kitn / kitn?

How? kais?

What? ky?

When? kab?

Where? kahn?

Who? kaun?

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Revision : Conversation

English Hindi

When did he come? Vaha kab y?

He came yesterday Vaha kal y

Where are you from? p kahn s hai?

I am from ___ Main ____ s hn

Who are you? p kaun hai?

I am Claire Mai Claire hoo

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Today's conversation!

Which language do you speak? I speak Spanish/Hindi Why are you angry?

I am angry because I lost my money

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Today we will learn two more interrogations, 'Which'and 'Why'

Lets begin with 'Which'!

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Interrogatives

Which

Kauns

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Grammar tip

'Kauns', literally means 'which one' and should not be confused

with 'who' or 'kaun'

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Using interrogations - Which

Which language do you speak?

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Conversation

Which language do you speak

Kaunsi bh h p blan

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Grammar tip

The verb 'to speak' literally translates to 'blan' in Hindi, however, when we say do you speak it translates to 'bltay h'

This happens because in Hindi, verbs change when interacting with pronouns!

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Conversation

Which language do you speak

Kaunsi bh h p bltay

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Using interrogations - Which

Question Structure Subject | Interrogation | Object | Verb

|'To-be' verb

Which language do you speak?

p kaunsi bh bltay h?

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Answering interrogation - Which

I speak Spanish / Hindi

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Answering interrogation - Which

I speak Spanish / Hindi

Mai blt /blt Spanish/ Hindi hoo

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Answering interrogation - Which

Basic Answer structureSubject | Object | Verb| 'To-be' verb

I speak Spanish / Hindi

Mai Spanish / Hindi blt / blt hoo

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Let's see if you remember

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Exercise : Pick the right option

'Do you speak' translates to ___

1

Ky p bltay h

2

Mai blt hoo

3

kaunsi bh

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Solution

'Do you speak' translates to ___

1

Ky p bltay h

2

Mai blt hoo

3

kaunsi bh

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Recall what the other options translate as!

English Hindi

I speak Mai blt hoo

Which language kaunsi bh

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The next interrogation we learn is 'Why'

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Interrogatives

Much like 'where' the 'n' here is also a nasal sound, not pronounced completely

Why

kyon

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Using interrogations - Why

Why are you angry?

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Using interrogations - Why

Why are you angry

kyon hai p nrj

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Using interrogations - Why

Question structureSubject| Adjective|Interrogation|'Tobe'

verb

Why are you angry?

p nrj kyon hai?

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Grammar tip

I am angry because I lost my money

This sentence can be read as two different sentences, connected by the word 'because' We will treat them as such and bring them

together later

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Answering interrogations

I am angry because I lost my money

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Answering interrogations

I am angry

Mai hoo nrj

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Answering interrogations

Because

kyki

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Grammar tip - Because

Because, translates as 'kyki' and serves the same purpose as because in english, i.e.

identifying the cause of something

In our example, because serves as a connector

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Answering interrogations

I lost my money

Main gum mr paisey h gay

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Answering interrogations

Basic Answer structureSubject| 'To-be' verb | Object

I lost my money

Mr paisey gum h gay

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Grammar tip

'I lost' translates to 'gum h gay' as it refers

to an event that has already happened, i.e. in the past!

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Answering interrogations

Basic Answer structureSubject| 'To-be'verb | Object

I am angry because I lost my money

Mai nrj hoo kyki mr paisey gum h gay

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Did you notice? - The two I's

While the English sentence has two I's (I lost my money, I am angry) their translation in

Hindi, is different This happens because while dealing with something that belongs to you, Hindi

uses the word 'mr'

My house = Mr ghar I won = Mai jt

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Let's see if you remember...

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Exercise : Pick the right option

'I lost my money' translates to ___

1

Mai nrj hoo

2

p nrj kyon ho

3

Mr paisey gum h gay

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Solution

'I lost my money' translates to ___

1

Mai nrj hoo

2

p nrj kyon ho

3

Mr paisey gum h gay

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Recall what the other options translate as!

English Hindi

I am angry Mai nrj hoo

Why are you angry p nrj kyon ho

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Revision : Basic interrogatives

English Hindi

How much/many? Kitn / kitn?

How? Kais?

What? Ky?

When? Kab?

Where? Kahn?

Who? Kaun?

Which? Kaunsa?

Why? Kyon?

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Revision : Today's conversation!

English Hindi

Which language do you

speak? p kaunsi bh bltay h?

I speak Spanish/Hindi Mai Spanish/Hindi blt/blt hoo

Why are you angry? p nrj kyon ho?

I am angry because I stole

my money

Mai nrj hoo kyki mr paisey

gum ho gay

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Culture leaf

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Culture leaf- Handicrafts in India

Indian Arts and Crafts of each

age reflect the culture,

traditions and happenings of