of 27 /27
@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981] Leonardo Lima & Otávio Santana & Werner Keil @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil & @UnitAPI https://www.jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=363 http://unitsofmeasurement.github.io

The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement

JSR-363 [BOF5981]Leonardo Lima & Otávio Santana & Werner Keil@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil & @UnitAPI https://www.jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=363http://unitsofmeasurement.github.io

Page 2: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

The First IoT JSR: Units of MeasurementLeonardo Lima

•Computer engineer, server & embedded SW developer•From São Paulo, Brasil, now in Austin, TX•CTO at

•Spec Lead – JSR363•V2COM’s Representative at JCP Executive Committee

[www.linkedin.com/in/leomrlima]

Page 3: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

The First IoT JSR: Units of MeasurementOtávio Santana

•Software engineer, Tomitribe•From Salvador, Brazil•Java Champion, SouJava JUG Leader•Apache and OpenJDK Committer•JSR 363 Expert Group member•Representative at JCP EC for SouJava

[about.me/otaviojava]

Page 4: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

The First IoT JSR: Units of MeasurementWerner Keil

•Consultant – Coach•Creative Cosmopolitan•Open Source Evangelist•Software Architect•Spec Lead – JSR363•Individual JCP Executive Committee Member

[www.linkedin.com/in/catmedia]

Page 5: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

What are Units of Measurement?

10,427 ??????A Measurement

A UnitSan Francisco

São Paulo

Page 6: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

What is the problem, in code?

int distance = 10427; //in ???float speed = airplane.getSpeed(); //in ???System.out.println(“TTD: “ + (distance/speed) + “ hours”);

10,427 ??????A Measurement

A Unit

Page 7: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

LEARNING FROM THE PAST…Some examples of how things can go wrong…

Page 8: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

Some real-life mishaps…NASA “Star Wars” Initiative, 1985

Sea Level

Page 9: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

2001: Escape of the 250Kg tortoiseLos Angeles Zoo lent Clarence, a 250-kilogram, 75-

year-old Galapagos tortoise, to the Exotic Animal Training and Management Program at Moorpark College in Moorpark CA.

The first night in his new home, Clarence wrecked it: “He just pushed one of the fence poles right over,” said Moorpark's Chuck Brinkman.

The L.A. Zoo warned that Clarence was big, and needed an enclosure for an animal that “weighs in at about 250”, so that's what the college built.

Unfortunately, they thought the zoo meant 250 pounds, so the enclosure wasn't adequate for holding a 250-kilogram (552 lbs) beast.

Clarence

Page 10: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

Why do we need a specification?There are no specifications or standards for handling units in Java.

The current solution is to use primitives, that don’t provide any Type Safety.

The errors are difficult to find using unit testing: Interface and Internationalization (e.g. radian/degree,

meters/feet);Arithmetic operations (e.g. overflow);Conversion between units (e.g. from same domain);

Page 11: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

What is JSR-363?Interfaces and abstract classes supporting unit operations including:

Checking of unit compatibility;Expression of measurement in various units; andArithmetic operations on units.

Concrete classes implementing standard unit types (base, derived) and unit conversion.

Page 12: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

CORE THEORY AND CONCEPTSSome Basic Science behind the API

Page 13: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

What is a Unit?c. (a) Any determinate quantity, dimension, or magnitude adopted as

a basis or standard of measurement for other quantities of the same kind and in terms of which their magnitude is calculated or

expressed.Oxford English Dictionary

Or … A well defined standard we all know?Unit DefinitionSecond The duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the

transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of caesium 133 atom

Kilogram The mass of the international prototype kilogram [a very special lump of metal]

metre The distance travelled by light in a vacuum in 3.3356409519815204957557671447492e-9 seconds

Page 14: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

A Standard Measurement …“The nice thing about standards is that you have so many to choose

from.”Andrew S. Tanenbaum,

Computer Networks 2nd ed., p. 254

Foot

Mile Yard Chain

FathomFurlongInchNautical Mile

Statute Mile

astronomical unit (AU)

Light yearParsec(or meter)

Passus (roman)

Hand

ångström

Scots/Welsh/English Mile

Metre fermi micron

Thou (or mil)League

rod/perch/pole

nail

Barleycorn

link

ell Cubitfinger

palm

Poppyseed

Milli Centi Kilo

Page 15: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

DimensionAllows analysis of a quantity by the rational powers of the 7

fundamental dimensions (quantities are compatible when they have the same dimensions):

length (L), mass (M), time (T), electric charge (I), absolute temperature (Θ), amount of substance (N) and luminous intensity (J)

Examples:Speed = length/time - it’s dimensions are L=1,T=-1 (rest 0) (e.g. metre/second - ms-

1)

Acceleration is speed/time (m/s/s or ms-2) L=1, T=-2

Force is mass x acceleration M x ((length/time)/time) or M=1, L=1, T=-2

Molar Entropy: M=1 L=2 T=−2 Θ=−1 N=−1 (trust me!)

Page 16: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

QuantityA physical attribute of a thing. Something that can be measured and

has units. Compatible quantities have the same dimension…

Examples:• Time• Length• Speed• Amount of Substance• Luminous Intensity• Volume• Mass• Force• Power• Electrical Current

• Magnetic Flux Density• Volumetric Flow Rate

• Fuel Economy*• Percentage

• Eggs per carton• Sheep per hour• Bits and bytes …

… ∞

Page 17: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

THE C

ODE

Page 18: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

What is the problem, in code?

int distance = 10427; //in ???float speed = airplane.getSpeed(); //in ??? System.out.println(“TTD: “ + (distance/speed) + “ hours”);

10,427 ??????A Measurement

A Unit

Page 19: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

What is JSR-363, in code?Airplane airplane = new Airplane(“A380”);QuantityFactory<Length> lengthFactory = provider.getQuantityFactory(Length.class);

Quantity<Length> distance = lengthFactory.create(10427, KILO(METRE));Quantity<Speed> airplaneSpeed = airplane.getSpeed();

Quantity<Time> timeToDest = distance.divide(airplaneSpeed) .asType(Time.class);

System.out.println(“TTD: “ + timeToDest.to(HOUR));

TTD: 11.033853606779548 h

Page 20: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

Who is going to use JSR-363?Java developers who work with physical quantities need to handle measurements in their programs.

Inadequate models of physical measurements can lead to significant programmatic errors.

Platform providers and developers can provide and use a better defined API

Embedded developers can have less error-prone, more self-documented code

Page 21: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

Demo

Page 22: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

Zulu Embedded JVM

JSR363 UoM

JSR339JAX-RS

JSR353JSON-P

Embedded (inside a V2COM Gateway)

Architecture Review

Zulu JVM

TomEE

Cassandra

jNoSQL JSR363

Server-Side (inside a VirtualBox VM)

Page 23: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

Action

!

Page 24: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

JSR-363 timelineMarch 11, 2014: SubmittedApril 7, 2014: Creation approvedDec 2014 – Jan 2015: Early Draft (approved)Nov 2015 – Jan 2016: Public Review (approved)Q3/2016 : Final DraftQ3/2016: Final Release

Page 25: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil #JSR363JavaOne

Links to JSR-363Public mailing list(s) and/or forum(s)

Units-Dev on Google GroupsUnits-Users on Google Groups

The JSR page on JCP.org…And two other “JSR project websites”:

Main project website is on GitHub (unitsofmeasurement)Java.net site is used for JIRA (deprecated, use GitHub!)

And you can get sample code at our GitHub.

Page 26: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

Q & A

Page 27: The First IoT JSR: Units of Measurement JSR-363 [BOF5981]

@YourTwitterHandle#DVXFR14{session hashtag} @leomrlima & @otaviojava & @wernerkeil#JSR363JavaOne

Than

ks!