Research Methods Qualitative and Quantitative

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Research Paper Review

Major Research MethodsAbdul Rehman and Mohammad Ramzan

Research MethodsThe Research Methods available for Information Technology and Computer Science researchers are divided into two comprehensive categories:QualitativeQualitative DataNature Of The Problem Rather Than The Extent Of The ProblemThe Methods Which Fall Into This Category Are Including Ethnography, Case Study And Action Research.


Research Methods (Cont.)Quantitative. Produce numerical data where statistics is applied on it. The methods which are under quantitative category includes survey and experimentation in which results drawn are: quantifiable data and can be counted in terms of numbers.


QualitativeCommunity of people that how the members make sense of the social interactions.ITInsight into human, social and organizational aspects of IT innovations and applications.Powerful assessment of technology users needs and allows for perceiving Information Technology innovations and applications in the eyes of the users.MeritAvoid imposing any preexisting theories Demeritparticipation, talking and doing things with participant

SurveyQualitative or QuantitativeInsurvey research, the researcher selects a sample of respondents from a population and administers a standardized questionnaire to them.ProsConvenient Data GatheringConsBiasing, or Incorrect Results

Secondary MethodData is obtained from other sources (previous studies )ProsEase of AccessTime & Cost EffectiveConsNot Specific to Researchers NeedsInaccuracy of DataNot Timely

1) Time and Cost effective :Usually time and cost required to collect secondary data is less than efforts required to collect primary data. Data is available freely or at far lesser cost through secondary sources.6

Case Studyin-depth investigation of an individual, group, institution or phenomenon within its real life For example, a firm, a specific project, a community. Aimin-depth understanding.Demeritdata collection and analysis is more open to interpretation.Important in Information Technology to evaluate the tools.

Others Research MethodsExperimentation

SummaryQualitativeQuantitativeEthnographySurveySecondary methodCase studyExperimentation


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