Pran gaya bihar

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2. UPDATE ON ACTIVITIES OF PRAN Topic 1 PRAN Overview 2 Bihar Overview: Target Population 3 System of Root Intensification 4 Technologies developed at PRAN 5 PRANs Accomplishments to Date 6 PRANs Partnerships: Government, NGO and Private Sector 3. PRAN PRAN is a public charitable trust formed under Indian Trust Act 1882 PRAN grew out of PRADAN, Gaya and became an independent rural development organisation in 2012 4. PRAN HISTORY Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society (BLRPS), Patna invited PRADAN to pilot and scale up SRI-Paddy in Gaya and Nalanda Districts in 2007. PRADAN, Gaya led by Anil Verma devised prototype for effective scaling up of activity 2007-2009, focusing on low cost and locally staffed organizational design.Successfully piloted SDTT-DBI project in Gaya. SRI (System of Rice Intensification) became SRI (System of Root Intensification) in Bihar with successful experiments in most of the crops Based on success of SRI in Gaya and Nalanda districts, 2011 Designated as Official Year of SRI by Government of Bihar SRI Vidhi (as SRI is known locally) is gaining widespread acceptance amongst farmers (especially marginal farmers) across Bihar. PRAN formed as an independent NGO out of PRADAN, Gaya in 2012 ATMA (Gaya and Nalanda), and Government of Bihar along with PRADAN and SDTT, Mumbai support PRANs Activities 5. PRANS SUPPORTING ORGANIZATIONS Sir Dorabji Tata Trust Professional Assistance for Development Action (PRADAN) Livolink Foundation Agriculture Technology Management Agency ITC Ltd. 6. BIHAR: SOME SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS Population 104 million Highest levels of poverty in India In 2010-2011 Lowest Net Domestic Product in India 26 Million are food insecure (many are farmers) Small and marginal farmers account for 93% of all farmers Women perform majority of farm labor Average landholding size 3 acres (significant below 1 acres) Agriculture employs 75% of the labor force 7. PROBLEMS OF SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS OF BIHAR High rates of food insecurity and no cash availability Low productivity of major food security crops (rice, wheat). Average rice yield (Gaya): 1.6t/hec Average Wheat yield (Gaya):2t/hec Poor rain-fed and flood affected agriculture Very low Irrigation availability and lack of access to electricity; high cost of diesel Poor and ineffective market infrastructure Weak agriculture supply chains especially for small and marginal farmers Poor productivity of vegetable crops and insufficient processing units Lack of support from government to poor and marginal farmers (SC 8. Executive Director Project Supervisor Project Manager Project Manager Office Assistant Accounts Manager Information Systems Manager Project Supervisor Project Supervisor Technical Resource Team Skilled Extension Workers (SEW) Skilled Extension Workers (SEW) Skilled Extension Workers (SEW) 20 -40 Village Resurce Persons (VRP) 50 Farmers per VRP 50 Farmers per VRP 50 Farmers per VRP - Total PRAN Staff: 25 -Number of VRPs: 280 20 - 40 Village Resource Persons (VRP) 20 - 40 Village Resource Persons (VRP) Project Leader / Executive 9. OPERATIONAL DISTRICTS 10. PROJECT BLOCKS IN DIFFERENT DISTRICTS Gaya Nalanda Munger 11 Blocks in Gaya, 4 Blocks in Nalanda and 2 BlockS in Munger District 11. STRATEGIES Awareness generating in communities Use of audio-visual (SRI film) and flex extension materials/manuals Campaigning in villages by old experienced SRI farmers Village meetings by PRAN staff for awareness, motivation and adoption Associating with Government Extension and Research Programs ( ATMA, KVK, Research Institutions, etc) Organizing workshops of various stakeholders: Block, district, State, Agricultural universities and others Participating in Kisan Melas 12. CAPACITY BUILDING FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT VILLAGE RESOURCE PERSONS The best practiceners identified by villagers and PRAN are trained intensively in 3-4 phases including: Motivational and Capacity Building Training Technical Skills Learning by doing Repeated Engagement and long-term partnerships 13. PRANS APPROACH Pro-poor Incentives to VRPs Weekly review and plan of operations Building on strengths in stakeholders Credit is to be given and not to be taken Collective ownership of successes and failures Giving priority to Emotional Quotient and minimal importance to Intelligence Quotient Non-Negotiable - Maintaining Integrity at all levels Maintaining 75% motivational and 25% technical Panch S (satya,Samay,Seva,Sanskar and Samanta) and Panch J (Jal,Jungle,Jameen,Janwar and Jan) (Principles of development in to practice ) 14. ADDRESSING FOOD INSECURITY THROUGH APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGIES: SYSTEM OF ROOT INTENSIFICATION (SRI) Low external inputs (seed, fertilizers, water, labor) to make this within reach of resource poor families. High productivity to provide sufficient food grains to small and marginal farmers Sustainability (maintaining soil carrying capacity for future generations) Root is the mouth of the plant keep that healthy Enhanced root volume and weight than normal method Assumptions behind SRI method (different from green revolution in the country) 15. PRINCIPLES OF SRI 1. Priming of seeds & planting material 2. Young age seedlings/sprouted seeds 3. Wider spacing 4. Single/Few/ seedlings/seeds 5. Use of Integrated Nutrient /organic/natural fertilizers 6. No standing water in field; keep soil moist 7. Interculture with weeders to aerate soil and improve root health 8. Surface sowing/transplanting 9. Providing space(pit) for roots to grow to maximum potential 10. Nutritional and microbial security to rhizosphere 11. Organic relationship of human with trees and plants 12. Emotional relationship of practiceners with the growth stages of 16. SRI ACTIVITIES PREVIOUS KHARIF 17. ADDITIONAL FOOD SECURITY DAYS THROUGH SRI-PADDY 18. FARMERS IN THEIR SRI-RAPESEED PLOT 19. IMPACT OF SRI IN FOOD-GRAINS AND OILSEEDS Achieving Food Security: Marginal and poor families adopting SRI in Paddy and wheat are getting secured food-grains. Earning Cash Income for Improved Livelihood Security: The families adopting SRI in Paddy, Wheat and oilseed ,Vegetables are getting surplus cash. 20. A WOMAN WITH HER SRI VIDHI VICIA FABA 21. SRI VIDHI-WHEAT (LEFT WITH HAND AND RIGHT WITH SEED DRILL) 22. PERCEPTION OF FARMERS ON YIELD ENHANCEMENT 1. SRI Paddy enhancement by 100% 2. SRI Wheat enhancement by 50% 3. SRI Green gram enhancement by 50% 4. SRI- Tomato-Yield enhancement by 55% 5. SRI-Chili-Yield enhancement by 22% 6. SRI-Brinjal-Yield enhancement by 45% 7. SRI-EFY-Yield enhancement by 80% 8. SRI-Sugarcane-Yield enhancement by 85% 9. SRI-Rapeseed-Yield enhancement by 150% 23. SRI ACTIVITIES PREVIOUS KHARIF 24. PRAN IS PILOTING SRI-ELEPHANT FOOT YAM (OL) WITH MARGINAL FARMERS IN GAYA First Sri-Elephant Foot Yam crop in 2012 Yield: 102.3 tons/ha under SRI vs. 25 tons/ha farmers practice Market price 10 RS/kg plus long storage capabilities to ensure good market price 2013: 79 Farmers planted Elephant Foot Yam 2014: Plan with 200 Families High growth of shoot and girth 25. PRAN FARMERS HIGHLIGHT SRI VIDHI IN GANDHI MAIDAN, GAYA ON REPUBLIC DAY EVERY YEAR VILLAGE RESOURCE PERSONS (VRPS) AND SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS PARTICIPATING IN JHANKI. ALL WEAR YELLOW SARI AS COLOR OF SRI VIDHI. 26. TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPED AND PRACTICED AT PRAN PROJECT 1. SRI-implements: 3 in-1 SRI dry weeder 2. Work on generations of SRI-Wheat seed drill 3. Tool for easy spacing used in SRI transplantation 4. Fertilizer (made by us and practiced by farmers): Sripranamrit 5. Bio-pesticide (made by farmers ) we learnt this from Subhash Palekar 6. Locally manufactured sugarcane eye extractor after procuring from N.Delhi PRAN works in conjunction with partners(blacksmiths,company) to develop technologies appropriate for marginal farmers in Bihar. 27. EXAMPLES: PRAN TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Local Fertilizer and Bio-Pesticide Production 3in1 SRI vidhi Weeder Tool for Spacing SRI Paddy SRI-Sugarcane Eye extractor 28. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT: SRI SEED DRILL PRAN is thrilled that after several generations of experimenting with SRI- wheat direct seeders, a highly functional and low cost seeder was finally completed in December 2013 by Kolkata based company Agro Vison. This wheat-seeder significantly decreases the labor involved in SRI-wheat. 4th Generation SRI-Wheat Seeder: 80% Satisfaction Level 5th Generation SRI-Wheat Seeder: PRAN satisfied with this version and will promote amongst farmers. Already Received 30 at cost of Rs 4,000/-per machine 29. LOCAL FUNGICIDES 30. LOCAL PESTICIDE 31. LOCAL MANURES 32. ADOPTION OF SRI-PADDY WITH PRAN 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 2009-10 2010- 11 2011- 12 2012- 13 2013- 14 No. Of Families Acre Year 2009-10 (Drought Year) 2010-11 (Drought Year) 2011-12 Irregular rainfall 2012-13 Rainfall in August 2013-14 Drought Year Families 5,994 5,217 18,764 26,142 10,249 (vs15,000 plan) Percentage Growth from Pervious Year in Number of Families N/A -12.96% 259.67% 39.32% - 60.79% Acres 761 650 3,140.49 6,921.4 3349 Acres per Family 0.13 0.12 0.17 0.26 0.33 (vs0.30 planned) Average Yield 7 t/ha 6 t/ha 6 t/ha 6.5 t/ha 5.7 t/ha 33. PROGRESS OF RABI SRI CROPS SRI CROP NO. OF FAMIL IES IN 2012- 13 AREA IN ACRE IN 2012- 13 Acrea ge/far mer in 2012- 13 NO. OF FAMIL IES IN 2013- 14 AREA IN ACRE IN 2013- 14 Acrea ge/far mer in 2013- 14 SRI- Wheat 7,368 782.98 0.11 5268 709.80 0.13 SRI- Rapese ed 3,205 336.21 0.10 1559 172.53 0.11 SRI- Vegeta bles 586 35 0.06 2212 137.45 0.06 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 SRI Wheat SRI Rapeseed SRI Vegetable Family 2012-13 Area 2012-13 Family 2013-14 Area 2013-14 SRI Other Crops Acreage 0.10 vs planned 0.15 per family 34. TRAINING DETAILS Training Head Planned Training Days Achieved Till Now Farmer Training 15000 3862 Adoption of NPM 300 527 Exposure 1000 108 VRP Training (New) 200 140 VRP Training (Old)