The term Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) was coined over two decades ago to designate applications of information and communication technologies to the operational management of transportation networks. The main promise of ITS has been very consistent over that period: network capacity can be freed up by optimizing traffic controls and empowering users with accurate travel information. It can be debated how much faith practitioners and policy makers have placed in technology by investing their resources, as well as the extent to which Intelligent Transportation Systems have delivered on their promise. However, there is no question that steady and sometimes spectacular advances in computing technologies and usage trickle down to transportation applications in important ways. As a result, new products and services emerge continuously. They include systems that address the direct needs of networks managers, as well as others that are developed in tangential markets (e.g. automotive) or even through non-market mechanisms (e.g. many mobile web applications). This talk presentation reviews major trends in information and communication technologies and demonstrate how each of them is driving innovative transportation services. We attempt to envision how those trends might develop in the future, so that we can finally examine some of their implications for travel demand and network management. There lie both challenges and opportunities for transportation engineers and planners, but either way, profound changes appear inevitable.
Text of Intelligent Transportation Trends chpt.1 - Introduction
1. Intelligent TransportationJ.D. Margulici Trends and Perspectives firstname.lastname@example.org www.novaviasolutions.comChapter 1: IntroductionNote to copyright owners: all third-party materials contained in this presentation were obtained frompublicly available sources. However, they are reproduced here without explicit permission from their owners. Novavia Solutions will gladly remove any such material at the owners request.
2. Introduction ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 2 3. ITS primer and brief historyIntelligent Transportation State of the artTrends and Perspectives 2011 Information technology trends Prospective and implicationsJ.D. Margulicijdm@novavia.uswww.novaviasolutions.com 4. ITS TechnologiesAlgorithmsLocationComputing Telecoms SensorsITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 4 5. ITS ApplicationsTraffic Operations (monitoring, dispatch) Advanced Traffic Management Systems Advanced Traveler Information Systems Public Transit OperationsTolling / EnforcementCommercial Vehicle Operations Intelligent VehiclesInfrastructure-side Active SafetyParking Management Mobility Services ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 5 6. ITS Prehistory First three-color, four-way traffic light Detroit, 1920First Transportation Management CenterLos Angeles, 1971First inductive loops & ramp meteringChicago, 1963ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 6 7. Birth of ITS: Intelligent Vehicle-Highway SystemsStreamline traffic operationsEnable informed route selectionEnhance system performanceHelp avoid accidentsImprove mobilityAutomatically control vehicles ATMS ATISCVO Advanced Vehicle Control 1991: ISTEA legislationMarch 1990 1991: ITS AmericaDallas 1994: 1st World Congress, Paris ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 7 8. Automated Highway System ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 8 9. ITS LegacyIm setting a national goal: to build an intelligent transportation infrastructure across the United States to savetime and lives, and improve the quality of life for Americans. I believe that what we do, we must measure . . .Let us set a very tangible target that will focus our attention . . . I want 75 of our largest metropolitan areasoutfitted with a complete intelligent transportation infrastructure in 10 years.-- Secretary Pea, 1996Freeway Management Electronic Toll CollectionIncident ManagementElectronic Fare PaymentArterial ManagementHighway-RailEmergency Management IntersectionsTransit Management Regional Multimodal Traveler Information ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 9 10. The World in 200038% of Americans have cell phonesBroadband internet use at 6%NASDAQ hits 5,000511 becomes national trafficinformation calling numberConformance to National ITSArchitecture requiredFCC allocates 5.9 GHz spectrum totransportationITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 10 11. Back to the future: ITS Deployment in 2000 41%43% 14%52%85%62%70% 4%80%43% (projected from 2000)2007 actualsITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 11 12. What have we learned 2000? Key IssuesThe number of Americans havingaccess to the Internet is growingAwareness and perception of ITS rapidly, portending increasedOnly a handful of adaptiveuse of ITS applications.control systems are deployedLong-range operations and managementnationally (SCATS, SCOOT, LAsATSC). Electronic Toll Collection is one of the fundamental and earliestRegional deploymentdeployed ITS technologies. Optimistically, there will be aHuman resourcessteady but slow increase in the use of ITS technologies for Integrating arterial traffic, transit management.Partnering emergency vehicle, transit and freeway management would allThe lack of traffic flow sensors be important and usefulOwnership and use of resourcescontinues to inhibit the growthadvances.of traveler information andimproved transportation Hope is that with the addition ofProcurement management systems. cellular phones and a national three-digit traveler information number (511), more deploymentIntellectual property The jury is still out on cellularwill occur.phone geolocation for trafficPrivacy probes.Emerging technologies includewireless Internet and automatedLiability information exchange. ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 12 13. ITS Strategic Plan 2000Conducting researchAccelerating the development of standardsBuilding professional capacityTechnologySystemCreating funding incentivesProviding guidance and technical assistanceEnsuring consistency with the National ITS Architectureand standards InstitutionsEvaluating the programShowcasing benefits ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 13 14. ITS primer and brief historyIntelligent Transportation State of the artTrends and Perspectives 2011 Information technology trends Prospective and implicationsJ.D. Margulicijdm@novavia.uswww.novaviasolutions.com 15. The World in 2010ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 15 16. A Tour of ITS Deployments and TrendsSystem ManagementTraffic MonitoringTolling / EnforcementVehicle TechnologiesMobility Services ITS Trends and Perspectives - April 2011 16 17. Intelligent Transportation J.D. MarguliciTrends and Perspectivesjdm@novavia.us 2011www.novaviasolutions.com Next isChapter 2: System Management