How To Manage Waste Water Efficiently

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<ul><li> 1. How To Manage Waste Water Efficiently </li></ul> <p> 2. The life on this world is impossible without fresh water, as all living creatures depend on it. Statistics show that only 3 percent of the water in this world is good for drinking, but major part of it is in inaccessible regions or locked in ice caps. As a result, we can use only 0.08 percent of fresh water that should meet the needs or growing population for sanitation, drinking, manufacturing, agriculture, leisure and so on. 3. Water scarcity is quite a big issue in many regions according to the recent studies. One such study made in 2007 showed that more than 1.2 billion people worldwide are affected by water scarcity. They have no enough fresh water to meet their needs. In other regions where other 1.6 billion of people reside, the authorities do not have enough investments or human capacity to meet the rising demand for water, so these people suffer by economical water scarcity. 4. More than a half of the world population lives in urban centers, which causes pollution to the nearby natural water sources. This is mainly caused by industrial and urban wastewater; that is why it is critical to develop efficient systems for wastewater treatment. The wastewater itself contains many hazardous pollutants like pathogens and heavy metals, which can seriously treat the health and even life of people, who life in or near the big cities. 5. Because of the limited quantity of the fresh water, people have directed their efforts at water management and optimization of its use. In many areas, water comes in the form of harvested rainwater, so people should learn how to manage it efficiently. The rainwater is usually collected in barrels to be used in those periods when there is little or no rain and for agricultural purposes. The groundwater needs to be utilized as well. People drill wells and use this water both for drinking and agricultural purposes. People should also revive and manage lakes that can collect the water to make it accessible to the nearby residents. 6. A large portion of 70% of freshwater is used for food production in agriculture. This is explicable, as the world population increases each and every year requiring more and more food to survive. The most part of the population is concentrated in the big cities, which deteriorates the problem with water scarcity even more. 7. The water problem should be resolved globally by taking the following six important steps. However, each and every individual should consciously contribute to the water problem to be resolved. 8. All the data related to the existing water resources should be improved. Our attitude toward our environment should be changed, so all of us know how to protect it from further pollution. Water governance should be reformed to bring results and we need to learn how to use agricultural water efficiently. The growing demand for water in industrial and urban centers should be managed and an access to fresh water should be given to the regions with poor people. 9. These steps will help us avoid the global water crisis, which treats to be devastating for our planet. The water should be used efficiently in big urban centers and by all kind of industries. This will allow people to direct more water to food production, so that there would be more food for the increasing world population. 10. </p>