Gender mainstreaming at ATA: Current and future directions

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Presented by Zemzem Muhammed, EATA at the Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013

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  • 1.Gender mainstreaming at ATA: Current and future directions Zemzem Muhammed Livestock and Fish Gender Working Group Workshop and Planning Meeting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 14-18 October 2013

2. Agenda 1. Mandates of ATA 2. Gender equality in ATA3. Deliverable 2013 Joint needs assessment of AGP regions Key findings Specific deliverables Status 4. Gender in Value Chain Current practices Challenges Learning 5. Future Direction 6. Conclusion1 3. The creation of the ATA is the result of a process that lasted nearly two yearsLate Prime Minster Meles meets with Melinda Gates and requests a review of Ethiopias agricultural extension systems by the Gates FoundationJan 09Seven Diagnostic reports and an integrated report on a mechanism to implement the recommendations submitted to Prime MinisterSep 09Recommendations of extension diagnostic endorsed by PM. PM requests support for additional diagnostics in seeds, soils, irrigation, agricultu ral finance, and key value chainsAug 10Council of Ministers pass federal regulation establishing Agricultural Transformation AgencyOct 10Government decision to create an independent organization modeled after Taiwan and Korean acceleration units as recommended by the Gates Foundation reportsDec 10Aug 11First Agricultural Transformation Council (Board) meeting chaired by the Prime Minister held, inaugurating ATAs program operations 2 4. The process that led to the creation of the ATA identified some key issues that needed to be addressed for Ethiopia to reach its agricultural development targets Current situation: Agriculture accounts for over 40% of national GDP the largest portion of the economy Smallholder farmers account for over 90% of agriculture production Rapid growth in the agriculture sector over the past 10 years has contributed to a reduction of poverty, from nearly 40% of population to less than 30% However, gains are uneven Ethiopias productivity levels continue to be among the lowest in Africa Many smallholder farmers continue to produce for subsistence Increasing concerns about smallholder farmers ability to mitigate the risks related to climate changeTwo high level bottlenecks were identified as key challenges in reaching the vision Lack of capacity to identifytailor-made solutions for the key systemic bottlenecks in the agriculture sector Lack of capacity to effectively coordinate and drive the implementation of a holistic set of interventions that will transform the system and bring impact at scaleATA was created to address these bottlenecksUltimate Vision: Agriculture productivity levels for all key crops above the average of African countries and rivaling Asian levels Commercialization of most smallholder farmers in key crops and geographies through effective linkage to domestic and international demand sinks Increases in smallholder farmer productivity and incomes leads to reduction of national poverty level approaching or less than 10% of the population Agriculture-led industrialization leads to national middle income status by 20253 5. The ATA was created to address the bottlenecks identified in the Gates diagnostic through a clear mandate which it aims to achieve using a three-part strategy, which is executed by a strong organization, with clear targets and a robust performance management system that tracks progress We work towards our Mandatevia a threepart Strategy...which is underpinned by a high-performing Organization, clear Target Setting, and a robust Performance Management systemThe ATA is a time-bound government organization whose mandate is to: 1) Support our partners in developing and implementing solutions to systemic bottlenecks in order to transform the agriculture sector, coupled with; 2) Support the implementation of a targeted set of integrated interventions that will make immediate impact for a large number of smallholder farmers in Ethiopia What does the ATA actually do to achieve its mandate? The ATA works with its partners on four specific types of activities: Problem Solving Implementation Support Capacity Building CoordinationHow does the ATA Where does work relative to the ATA work? others? The ATAs engagements All of the ATAs work takes take place across a place through constructive targeted set of issues partnerships with others: and geographies: Transformation Council Value chains Ministry of Agriculture Systems Regional Bureaus of Ag. Crosscutting issues Development partners Special projects Private Sector Clusters NGOs With prioritized levels Others of support ATA aims to put together a high-performing organization with a clear structure, expert staff, strong systems and processes, as well as a well-defined set of shared values to drive the agricultural transformation process ATA works with all partners to develop clear targets for interventions that will lead to agricultural transformation ATA is developing a robust performance management system for its internal operations and is working with the Ministry of Agriculture and other partners to strengthen the performance management system of the sector 4 6. Strategy Pillar I The ATA uses four different tools to achieve its mandateHow: Rigorous data-driven and objective analysis to determine root causes of issues; examination of international and domestic best practices; and granular refinement of solutions to ensure adaptation of solutions to specific agroecologies and Ethiopias unique context When: 1. During the analytical period in Stage 1 of a program 2. During the implementation of an interventionHow: When: Capacity building by partnership as 1. During the analytics and problem ATA staff work closely with partners on solving phases in both Stage 1 & 2 deliverable execution 2. During the implementation of an Availing specific tools and expertise to intervention in both Stage 1 & 2 implementing partners Fellowship program and secondments (in future)Capacity BuildingProblem SolvingImplementation SupportStakeholder Coordination How: Workshops, working groups, and frequent engagement with partners during strategy development Implementation platforms and steering committeesWhen: 1. During the analytics and problem solving phases in both Stage 1 & 2 2. During the implementation of an intervention in both Stage 1 & 2How: Through predefined levels of support based on the prioritization of a deliverable on the national transformation agenda When: 1. During initial interventions undertaken during Stage 1 of a program 2. During implementation of interventions during Stage 2 of a program5 7. Strategy Pillar II Although the ATA is a national organization working across the entire agriculture sector, in 2013 it will focus on certain target value chains, geographies, and program areas Value Chains Integrated activites in 2013 Tef Wheat Maize High priority in 2013: 160 Tef woredas 47 Maize woredas 41 Wheat woredasTargeted activities in 2013 Sesame Barley Rotation cropsGeographiesSecondary priority in 2013: 12 Sesame woredas 58 coffee woredasLate 2013 and 2014 Coffee LivestockSystems Seed Soil Cooperatives Input & Output Markets Research & Extension Markets Household IrrigationCrosscutting IssuesSpecial Projects Public Private PartnershipsUnder review Strategic Grain Reserve Agro-processing Home-grown school feedingGender Mainstreaming Climate Change & Environment Technology Access & Adoption Information & Communication Technology Integration Monitoring, Learning & Evaluation66 8. Gender in Agricultural Transformation Agency Gender equality in ATA is part of the special initiative programGender is a cross-cutting issue which needs to be integrated in all organizational policies, strategies, programs, systems and accountability structuresThe gender program in ATA employs two major approaches with particular emphasis on mainstreaming of gender in the value chains to make sure that women farmers are proactively engaged and benefited from programs, enhancing the sensitivity of various systems to facilitate participation and benefit of women and consideration of gender dimension employed to address gender issuesThe second approach is supporting the implementation of specific or standalone projects which specifically address and empower rural women.7 9. Rational for addressing Gender in ATA ATA acknowledges the existence of social inequalities within rural Ethiopian communities due to biological differences (e.g. sex ) and socio-economic status; this determines access to opportunities, services and resources.As a transformation agency, ATA believes that achieving sustainable development is impossible without addressing the inequalities which hinder people from accessing opportunities and utilizing their potential to change their own situation.Gender based inequality cuts across all inequalities, deepens the disadvantages of individuals and communities, and reinforces poverty.ATA works to provide Ethiopias smallholder farmers with access to new and improved technologies and techniques, proven economic mechanisms, and strengthened infrastructure and systems. The aim of all ATA efforts is to help increase farmer productivity and improve livelihoods. Women represent half of smallholder farmers and therefore constitutes the key target population of ATAs engagements. 8 10. Why do we need to focus on gender equality?Justice and human rights Women represent half the world population yet their participation in different arenas is limited and their current profile is very low in many respects as compared to their male counter parts Cross-cutting nature of gender inequality Gender cuts across every inequality issue and affect groups who are disadvantaged; it also deepens their level of disadvantage Development concern Human centered development thinking acknowledges the potential of both men and women for development and by the same logic development needs to enhance the wellbeing of both Effic