Current and Future Directions of Internet of Things

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  • CURRENT AND FUTURE

    DIRECTIONS OF IOT

    Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO - REDtone IOT Sdn Bhd

    Email: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com 3rd Thundercloud Mini Symposium, MMU, Melaka, Dec. 14, 2015

  • @REDtoneIOT REDtoneIOT

    EMAIL: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com TWITTER: @mazlan_abbas FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/redtoneiot FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/citiactapp LINKEDIN: http://my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ SLIDESHARE: http://www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 ABOUT ME: http://about.me/mazlan.abbas

    ABOUT ME

  • WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON?

  • History of Internet of Things

  • KEVIN ASHTON FATHER OF THE IOTSo you get stuff like the smart wine

    bottle, the smart bikini, and the smart water bottle. This stuff is not the Internet of Things this stuff is all

    rubbish.

    He believed IoT could turn the world into data that could be used to

    make macro decisions on resource utilization.

    Information is a great way to reduce

    waste and increase efficiency, and thats really what the Internet of

    Things provides [Source: The Reimagination Thought Leaders Summit ,Sydney, 17 November 2015]

  • TECHNOLOGIES THAT ENABLE IOT

    Cheap sensors (50% cheaper)

    Cheap bandwidth (40x cheaper)

    Cheap processing & smarter

    (60x cheaper)

    Ubiquitous wireless coverage (free wifi)

    Big data (unstructured

    data)

    IPv6

    Smartphones (personal gateway)

    For the Past 10 Years

  • How Big is the IOT Market?

    By 2016 Gartner predicts 6.4 billion devices will be connected to the internet -- and 5.5 million new 'things' will join them each day.

    63 devices connected every second

  • IOT BASICS TO ADVANCED SERVICES

    Monitor

    Autonomous

    Optimize

    Control

  • IOT BENEFITS

    Improved Performance

    Reduced Costs

    Create Innovative Products

    New Revenue Streams

    Customer Service

  • TO OVERCOME 3 KEY CHALLENGES

    Integrating data from multiple sources

    Automating the collection of data

    Analyzing data to effectively identify actionable insights

  • FUNCTIONAL VIEW OF IOT TECHNOLOGIES

  • COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

  • BOX-LEVEL VIEW OF IOT BUILDING BLOCKS

  • Security and Privacy of data

    Managing vast amounts of data

    Fragmented industry

    Finding the right business model

    WHAT ARE THE BUSINESS CHALLENGES

  • MAKING SENSE OF DATA BUT WHAT DATA?

    THE GOLD RUSH

  • Wisdom

    Knowledge

    Information

    Data

    More Important

    Less Important

    Evaluated understanding

    Appreciation of

    Answers to questions.

    Symbols

    Understanding

    Answers to questions

    WHO

    WHY

    HOW

    WHAT

    WHERE WHEN

    VALUE IS CREATED BY MAKING SENSE OF DATA

    VALUE PYRAMID

  • Wisdom

    Knowledge

    Information

    Data

    More Important

    Less Important

    N/A

    12-inch, 8mm etc

    Understanding

    EXAMPLE FLOOD MONITORING

    What is the water level in the river? When does the river swell up?

    Where is the location of water rise? Who need emergency evacuation?

    How to control the water level? How fast is the water rising?

    Why is the water rising?

    Who Benefits? - Citizens / Emergency Centers / Environmental

  • DATA OWNERSHIPS

    Personal / Household

    Private

    Public Commercial Sensor Data Provider

  • Home Health Transport Office Waste

    WHAT-IF WE CAN DO DATA BLENDING

    Creating New Compound Applications

  • END-TO-END IOT SERVICE PROVIDER

    IOT VALUE CHAIN

  • s m a r t c i t y

    smart transport

    s m a r t a u t o m o t i v e

    END-TO-END IOT SERVICE PROVIDER

    Device Provider

    Network Provider

    Platform Provider

    Application Provider

    Customer

    Network Platform

  • BUSINESS & CONSUMERS IOT APPLICATIONS

    EXAMPLES

  • IOT APPLICATIONS - SIGNS OF FAILURE

    Power Plants

    Networks

    Social Infrastructures Manufacturing Plants

    Quality in trains and aircrafts etc

  • IOT APPLICATIONS - FORECASTING

    Churn Management Product Demand Power Demand

    Deterioration Fair Price Quality

  • IOT in Smart City Improve the quality of life overall for all residents To make a better use of the public resources Reduce the operational costs of the public administrations.

  • BUILDING 3 TYPES OF CITIES

    ROI-driven

    Carbon-driven

    Vanity-driven

  • VISION OF THE CITY OF THE FUTURE

    Open source and open data

    Make visible the invisible

    Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city

    Technology may help mitigate the black hole problem.

    The goal is to make decisions in real time as events or emergencies occur, mitigating their impact on the daily lives of citys residents while making sure the citys budget is used as effectively and efficiently as possible.

  • Building Trust Citizens encounter good customer service across government channels

    Smart City Agenda

    For city leaders wanting to pursue a smart city agenda, citizen inclusion is critical

  • CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT FOR SMART CITY

  • I want to easily report and communicate to my Local Councils,

    As a Citizen

    So that they can quickly solve my complaints

  • As a Local Council

    We want to quickly resolve any issues from the Citizens,

    So that we can serve effectively and efficiently

  • LET ALL CITIZENS BE OUR EYES

  • MOBILE APPLICATION

  • CITIACT CASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

  • BETTER PLANNING BETTER RESOURCE

  • DRAINAGE ISSUES CAUSE OF FLASH FLOOD?

  • CORRELATE SEVERAL DATASETS

    Examples Relationship between Dengue Cases with drainage issues, mosquito larvae,

    weather Relationship between Leptospirosis (Penyakit Kencing Tikus) with unattended

    garbage, weather, etc

  • MOBILE APPLICATION

    Open Data

    Smartphone Users

    Social Media

    Users

    PORTAL CITISENSE.COM

    CASE MANAGEMENT

    SYSTEM

    DASHBOARD

    CITISENSE.COM YOUR SMART CITY HUB

  • The Improve Detroit app has ushered in a new era of customer service and accountability in city government, Mayor Mike Duggan said. Its never been easier for Detroiters to get their voices heard and their complaints taken care of.

    Launched in April 8, 2015 6,500 downloads within 6 months More than 10,000 complaints made on the

    app have been closed. The average time to close a case is nine days

    a vast improvement from when problems often languished for years.

    In the past six months, residents have used Improve Detroit to get: More than 3,000 illegal dumping sites

    cleaned up. 2,092 potholes repaired. 991 complaints resolved related to running

    water in an abandoned structure. 565 abandoned vehicles removed. 506 water main breaks taken care of. 277 traffic signal issues fixed.

  • Smart Parking Smart Waste Management Smart Street Light

    Smart Transportation

    Open Data Parking Garbage Collection

    Lighting Public Transport

    Smartphone Users

    Smart City Hub

    Social Media

    IOT Applications

    Sensor Data

    Users

    CitiAct

  • Single Infrastructure Multiple Usage

    BENEFITS OF SENSING-AS-A-SERVICE

    Harnessing the Creativity

    Rapid Deployment

    Sustainable Business Model

    Assisting Scientific Community

    IOT Cloud

  • THE FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF IOT

    CONSUMER IOT

  • WHEN THINGS HAVE THEIR OWN FACEBOOK

  • HOW IOT HELP QUANTIFIED-SELF

  • HOW MANY STEPSHAVE YOUWALKED TODAY?

  • CLASSIFICATION OF PEDOMETER-DETERMINED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

    < 5000 steps/day - "sedentary lifestyle index 5,000-7,499 steps/day - "low active" 7,500-9,999 steps/day - "somewhat active 10,000 steps/day - "active > 12,500 steps/day - "highly active"

    The recommended 10,000 steps a day originated in Japan in the early 1965. Japanese researchers led by Dr Yoshiro Hatano determined the average person took 3,500 to 5,000 steps per day, and that if they were to increase their steps to 10,000 steps per day, the result would be healthier, thinner people! Dr. Hatanos calculations also showed that we should walk 10,000 steps a day to burn about 20% of our caloric intake through activity.

  • LIFELOGGING TAKE A STROLL DOWN A VIRTUAL MEMORY LANE

    How much more IOT can do is only left to your imagination and to your budget. You can do as little or as much with IoT as you want.

  • Digital memories can do more than simply assist the recollection of past events, conversations and projects.

  • BENEFITS OF LIFELOGGINGIt will take quite some time for people to feel comfortable with always

    connected devices that can discreetly take photos or videos.

    One question is if the benefits outweigh the negatives.

  • BENEFITS OF LIFELOGGING PRECIOUS MOMENTS

    In Total Recall (no relation to the movie)GordenBell (of Microsoft acclaim) found that by digitizing everything in his life he was able to reduce stress by a massive amount. Need a receipt of something you bought years ago? No problem, just do a quick search an