Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees

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Slides for the paper, http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1034/SolankiAndBrewster_COLD2013.pdf presented at COLD2013,/SWC2013

Text of Consuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees

  • 1.COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains: Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees http://windermere.aston.ac.uk/~monika/papers/SolankiAndBrewster_COLD2013.pdfMonika Solanki and Christopher Brewster Aston Business School Aston University, Birmingham, UKm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees

2. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyMotivation: Visibility in Supply Chainsm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 3. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyMotivation Visibility* Visibility is the ability to know exactly where things are at any point in time, or where they have been, and why. Critical to achieving visibility in the end-to-end supply chain is collaboration between trading partners. Successful collaboration largely depends on the ease and timeliness with which real-time process and product knowledge can be shared between trading partners and utilised in decision making.*http://www.gs1.org/docs/GS1_SupplyChainVisibility_ WhitePaper.pdf m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 4. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyMotivation Existing mechanisms for sharing data and information along supply chains are highly restricted and extremely complex. There is a lack of information models that facilitate the exchange of end-to-end supply chain product and process knowledge. There is a very conservative need-to-know attitude such that essentially information ows only one-up, one down. Information and knowledge need to be interlinked, shared and made available consistently along the supply chains not least for regulatory reasons but also due to increasing consumer demands of being able to track and trace commodities.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 5. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyMotivation Supply chain domains where data interlinking and sharing issues are most prevalent: The Agri-food and The Healthcare sector. Agri-food supply chains, Tracking and tracing of foods in the context of health and safety: prevent and respond to food emergencies (mad cow disease, and most recently E. Coli). Growing desire on the part of food consumers to know more about their food.Healthcare Capture and document the chain of custody and the chain of ownership of a pharmaceutical product as it moves through the supply chain.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 6. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyOutline Linked Pedigrees Reference Architecture Linked Pedigree Communication Protocol Exemplifying Linked Pedigrees Conclusionsm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 7. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyBackground: Pedigrees Most widely prevalent in the pharmaceutical industry. Pedigree(e-pedigree) is an audit trail that records the path and ownership of a drug as it moves through the supply chain. Each stakeholder involved in the manufacture or distribution of the drug adds information to the pedigree. The Pedigree standard* provides an XML schema for the description of the life history of a product. Event based Pedigree: utilises EPCglobals EPCIS specication for capturing events in the supply chain and generating pedigrees based on a relevant subset of the captured events. * http://www.gs1.org/gsmp/kc/epcglobal/pedigree m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 8. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyLinked Pedigrees Datasets described and accessed using linked data principles. Encapsulate the knowledge required to trace and track products in supply chains on a Web scale. Facilitate the interlinking of a variety of related and relevant data, i.e., product master data with event data. Based on a domain independent data model for the sharing of knowledge among Semantic Web/Linked data aware systems deployed for the tracking, tracing and data capture. Product knowledge shared among partners as products physically ow downstream or upstream in the supply chain.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 9. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyKnowledge Encapsulation in Linked Pedigrees Direct linkages in the linked pedigree generated by each supply chain trading partner URIs for product master data: product identiers, sensor based product related information, e.g., storage conditions. transaction data: invoices, order numbers, quantity. consignment information: logistics, receiver, shipper, location Data interpretation rules if any.URIs for the pedigree datasets from the stakeholders in the immediate upstream or downstream of the supply chain.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 10. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyOntoPedigree: A CO design pattern Competency questions: Who is the creator of the pedigree ? What is the supply chain creation status of a given pedigree? Which are the business transactions recorded against a particular consignment? Which products have been shipped together? Which other pedigrees are included in the received pedigree?m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 11. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyOntoPedigree: A CO design patternm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 12. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyEvent based Linked Pedigrees EPC*: Electronic Product Code A universal identier encoded on data carriers that gives a unique, serialised identity to a specic physical object. EPCIS*: Electronic Product Code Information Services A ratied(2007) EPCglobal standard for sharing EPC related information between trading partners in a supply chain. LinkedEPCIS*: an open source Java API and a reference implementation for capturing, storing and querying EPCIS events. *http://www.gs1.org/sites/default/files/docs/tds/tds_1_7-Std.pdf *http://www.gs1.org/gsmp/kc/epcglobal/epcis *http://code.google.com/p/linked-epcis/ *http://windermere.aston.ac.uk/~monika/papers/SolankiDeRiVE2013.pdf m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 13. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyGenerating Linked Pedigrees event URIs Events incorporated in pedigree creation commissioning: uniquely identifying products shipping: associating products with orders receiving: associating received products with orders Pedigree Component Product informationLinking relationship hasProductInfoConsignment informationhasConsignmentInfoTransaction informationhasTransactionInfom.solanki@aston.ac.ukResource identier Product data URIs Serialised product data URIs Commissioning events Object event/Aggregation event URIs Shipping events Transaction event URIsConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 14. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyReference Architecture An open, scalable and decentralised architecture. Every actor in the supply chain manages its own datastore. Linked pedigrees obtained via a pull model. Shared data models, vocabularies, Web based and mobile application components are provided as cloud based services.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 15. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyReference Architecture Agri-food supply chainm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 16. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyReference Architecture: Key Components Linked Pedigree Manager agent An integral component of every stakeholder participating in event based tracking and tracing. Interfaces between the EPCIS event store and external systems. RESTfully queries linked pedigrees from upstream/downstream stakeholders. Validates electronic information recorded on received physical goods against the query results. Generates the pedigree on the y from the knowledge curated in the event data stores of the stakeholder, assigns it a URI and include outgoing links to external datasets.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 17. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyReference Architecture: Key Components Integrated Linked Pedigree Store Pedigree denitions include pedigree URIs from the upstream or downstream stakeholders. They can be sequentially traversed, to eventually construct an ordered chain of pedigrees. Access control restrictions mean that it may not be possible for stakeholders themselves to obtain complete information related to products and consignments from every other stakeholder. The integrated linked pedigree store provides a service that can facilitate the end-to-end dereferencing of linked pedigrees in the supply chain.m.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 18. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyLinked Pedigree Communication Protocolm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 19. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyLinked Pedigrees: Agri-food supply chainsThe tomato supply chain involves thousands of farmers, hundreds of traders and few retail groupsm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 20. COLD/ISWC 2013, 22nd October, SydneyLinked Pedigrees: Agri-food supply chainsm.solanki@aston.ac.ukConsuming Linked data in Supply Chains Enabling data visibility via Linked Pedigrees 21. COLD/ISWC 2013