Complete guide to manual testing@uma

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<ul><li> 1. MANUAL TESTING1) Q. Why did you choose testing ?Ans: 1) Scope of getting the job is very very high. 2) No need of depend upon any technology. 3) Testing is going to be there forever. 4) I want consistence through out my life.2) Q. What exactly we need to get a job?Ans: 1) Stuff 2) Communication skills [reading+ writing + speaking+ lesion] 3) Confidence 4) Dynamism3) Q. Why explicitly the test engineers are been recruiting in to the softwarecompanies?Ans: 1) Once person cannot perform two tasks efficient at a time. 2) Sentimental attachments.4) Q. Who can get testing job?Ans: Any graduate who is creative can get testing job very easily5) Q. Why explicitly the testing engineers are been recruited into the softwarecompanies?Ans: 1) One person cant perform two task efficiently at a time. 2) Sentimental Attachment. PROJECT:- Project is something that is developed based on the particular customersrequirements and used by that particular customers only. 1 </li> <li> 2. PRODUCT:- Product is something that is developed base on the companies specification and used by the multiple customers.NOTE:- The company will decide the specification by picking the common requirements ofcustomer.6) Q.Classical definition of quality?Ans: Quality is defined has justification of all the requirements of a customer in a product.NOTE: Quality is not defined in the product it is defined in the customer mind. DEFECT: Defect is defined as deviation from the requirements.7) Q. Latest definition of quality?Ans: Quality is defined as not only the justification of the requirements but also presence ofthe value [value ..means ..user friendly]8) Q. What is testing?Ans: Testing is a process in the defects are Identified, Isolated[separately],Subject forRectification[sending] Ensure that the product is defect free in order to produce a qualityproduct in the end and hence customer satisfaction.9)Q. What is bidding the project?Ans: Bidding the project is defined as request are proposal, estimation and signingoff(official-agreement). KICK OF MEETING:- Kick off meeting is the initial meeting conducted in the software company soon after the project is signed off in order discuss the overview of the project once select project manager for that project. Us ally High level management [HLM] Project managers [PM] Quality managers [QM] Technical managers [TM] Development leads &amp; Test leadsWill be involved in this meeting Apart from them many times customer representations also 2 </li> <li> 3. Will be involved in this meeting.NOTE:- Apart from this meeting any other start up meeting in also called as kick offmeeting. PIN [ Project Initiation Note]:- PIN It is a mail prepared by the project manager and sent the CEO of software company as well as to all of his core team members in order to intimate then that they are about to start the actual project activities. CEO=Chief Executive Officer COO=Chief Of Officer SDLC [Software Development Life Cycle]:- It contains 6 Phase Initial or Requirement Phase Analysis Phase Designed Phase Coding Phase (or) Programming phase Testing Phase Deliver and maintenance PhaseInitial or Requirement Phase:- Task:-Interacting with the customer and gathering the requirements. Roles:- i) Business Analyst [BA] ii) Engagement manager [EM]Process:- First of all the Business Analyst can Appointment . from the customer, collectsthe template from the company meet the customer an the appointment date gathers therequirements with the help of the template and come back to the company with therequirement documentary. The Engagement manager will go through the requirements document. If at all hefinds any extra requirements hence he will deal with the excess cast of project. If it is anyconfession of requirements then the will ask the consult team to develop the prototype hewill demonstrates to the customer gather the clean requirements and finally hand over therequirements document to the business analyst.Proof:- Proof of this phase is Requirements Document. 3 </li> <li> 4. This document is called with different name in different companies FRS (Functional Requirements Specification) CRS (Client or Customer Requirements Specification) URS (User Requirements Specification) BDD (Business Design Document) BD (Business Document) BRS (Business Requirement Specification)NOTE:-Some companies may maintains two documents in the initial phase, one is for Highlevel business flow information and the other in for Detail function information. But some companies may maintains both the intimation in a single document. Template:- Template in a predefined format which is used for preparing the document easily and perfectly Prototype:- Prototype is a roughly and rapidly developed model which is used is for demonstration to the customer in order to gather the clear requirement and also to win his confidence of the customer.Analysis phase:-Task:- Feasibility study Tentative planning Technology selection &amp; Environment conformation Requirement analysisRoles:- System Analyst [SA] Project Manager [PM] Team &amp;Technical Manager [TM]Process:-Feasibility study:- (possibility) It is a detailed study conducted on requirement in order toconform whether all of those requirements are possible with in the given time budget andresources are not. 4 </li> <li> 5. Tentative planning (Temporary):- The resource planning as well as scheduling will betemporary planned section.Technology selection &amp; Environment conformation:- The list of all the technologies thatare required to accomplish this project successfully will be enlisted as well as the clientenvironment will be conformed here in this section.Requirement analysis:- The list of all the requirements that are required by the companylike human resource , software and hardware to accomplish that project ,successful will beenlisted and mentioned here in this section.Proof: The proof document if the analysis phase is SRS (System RequirementSpecification )Designed Phase:-Task:- i) High Level Designing [HLD] ii) Low Level Designing [LLD]Roles:- i) Chief architect (CA) : is responsible for high level designing. ii) Technical Lead (TA): is responsible for low level designing.Process:- The chief architect will divided whole project into modules ,by drawing somediagrams using a language UML(Unified Modeling Language) The technical lead will divided the modules into sub modules by drawing some diagrams using the same UML. Apart from this takes GUI design also will be done in this phase. Some time pseudo code also will be developed in this phase.Proof:- The proof document of this phase is TDD (Technical Design Document) Pseudo code:-It is set of English statement which used for developing in the actual code very easily and comfortably.Coding Phase:-Task:- coding (or) programmingRoles:-Developers (or) programmingProcess:- The developers will develop the actual source code with the support of technicaldesign document as well as by following the coding standards. 5 </li> <li> 6. Example for coding standards: Proper indentation Color coding. Proper commenting.Proof:- The proof document of the coding phase SCD (Source Code Document).Testing phase:-Task:- TestingRoles:- Test engineersProcess:- Test engineers will receive the requirement document and will start understanding the requirement. While understanding the requirement if at all the get any doubt then they will list out all the doubt in the requirements clarification note and will send it to the author of the requirement doubt BA(Business Analyst). Once the clarification are given if still more clarification are required then they will conduct a review meeting and will get all the clarification. Once all the requirement are clearly understood then they will take the Test case template and will write the test cases. Once the 1st Build is released they will execute the test cases. If at all any defects are found they will list out then in the defect profile and will send it to the development department . Once the next Build is released they will re execute the required test case. If at all any more defect are found they will update the defect profile and will send it to the development department. Once the next Build is released the same process will be continued. This process will be continued again and again till the product is defect free.Proof:- The proof the testing phase is Quality Product . Test Case:- If is an Idea of test engineer to test something based on the requirements. 6 </li> <li> 7. Delivery &amp; Maintains Phase:-Delivery:-Task:- Hand overring the application to the client .Roles:- Deployment Engineers or Installation EngineersProcess:- Deployment engineers will go to the clients place , install the application into theoriginal customer ,Environment and finally hand overs the software to the customer.Proof:- The final official argument made between the company and the customer is theproof document this phase.Maintains:- Once the customer start using the application if at all any problem occurs thenthat problem will become the task ,based on the task corresponding roles will be appointed,these roles will define the process, solves the problem and final get the Application latter. Some customer many request for continuos maintenance in that situation thecompany will send a team of member to the customer place continuously in order to take careof that software.Q. where exactly testing comes in to picture? Which sort of testing you are expecting? How many sort or testing are there?Ans:- They are two sort of testing i) Un convectional testing. ii) Convectional testing.Un convectional testing:- It is a sort of testing in which the quality assurances people. Willcheck each and every role in the organization in order to conform weather they are doingtheir work according to the companies proper guidelines are not. Right form the staring of theSDLC to the end of it.Convectional testing:- It is a sort of testing in which the test engineers will check thedeveloped application (or) its related parts are working according to the expectation or notfrom the coding phase to the end of the SDLCMethods of the testing (or) testing techniques:- Basically there are two methods of testing. i) Black Box testing. 7 </li> <li> 8. ii) White Box Testing (or) Glass Box Testing (or) Clear Box TestingBlack Box Testing:- It is a method of testing in which one will perform testing only on theFunctional part of an application with out on the having the knowledge of structural part. Usually the black box Test engineers will perform it.White Box Testing:- It is a method of testing in which one will perform testing on theStructural part of an application . Usually developers (or) White box testers will perform it.Gray Box testing:- It is a method of testing in which one will perform testing on both thefunctional part as well as the structural part of an application. Usually the test engineers who have the knowledge of structural part will perform it.Levels of Testing:- There are five levels of testing Unit level testing. Module level testing. Integration level testing. System level testing. User acceptance level testing.Unit level testing:-Unit:- Unit is defined as smallest part of an application.(program) In this stage the white box testing will test each and every developed programand also the combination of programs.Module level testing:-Module:- Module is defined as a group of related features to perform a major task in theapplication. In this stage the Black box test engineers will test the functional part of themodule.Integration level testing:- In this stage the developers of will develop someinterface(linking program) in order to integrate the modules this interface will be tested bywhite box testers. Developers will follow any one of the approaches white integration themodule. 8 </li> <li> 9. Top down approaches Bottom up approaches Hybrid approaches (or) Sand rive approached Big-Bang approaches Top down approaches:- In this approaches the parent modules will be developed first and then the corresponding child modules will be developed and integrated.STUB:- While integrating the modules in top down approach if at all any mandatorymodules are missing then that mandatory modules will be replace with a temporaryprogram. 9 </li>...</ul>