Colonialism, Imperialism and the Spread of English

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2. 1763 1775 -1783 English obtain British became theCanada and east of largest colonialMississippi river by powerwar British reformed their British obtain Florida colonial systemas exchange of Cuba Lead to Americanand Philipines toRevolutionSpanish 3. Noah Webster He was born in 1758 andgraduated from Yale College. In 1828, Webster published AnAmerican Dictionary of EnglishLanguage. Contains around 70,000 entries. Websters Dictionary influencedAmerican spelling andpronounciation. 4. British in India Started by British East IndiaCompany in 1600 fortrading. British build settlements atCalcutta (Kolkata), Bombay(Mumbai) and Madras(Chennai). British ruled/Raj India from1765-1947 5. British in India English is established aslanguage of administrationand education. Universities are set up in University of KolkataCalcutta, Bombay andMadras. English was promoted toproduce bilingualspeakers to act as University of Mumbaiinterpreters. 6. British in India In the early years of British presence,some locals asked to be taught English. They want to have access to the scientificknowledge of the West English came into contact with thevarieties of other languages and dialects. This lead to a differed spoken English fromthe standard written form. 7. British in the East British became official language ofMalaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore. British colonies were also established inSouth Africa, East Africa and West Africa. Language varieties emerged - pidgins. Pidgin is a language that arises when twoor more different speech communities usetheir respective languages as the basis fora very basic language with a limited set offunctions. 8. British in Australia and New Zealand Settled by free colonies and Started when penalattracted immigrants from colony arrived at Southern England and1788 Sydney in 1788.1840 Scotland. To solve the Many were given assisted passage to help with the cost overcrowded inof the trip. English prisons. 9. British in Australia and New Zealand Immigrants dialects mixed. New pronunciations and vocabulary emerged.Australian Aboriginal A certain amount of contact made with aboriginals. Different lifestyles and racist attitudes explain the small amount of words borrowed from aboriginal Maori 10. English Until Today English had spread across the globe bythe beginning of 19th Century by theexpansion of largest empire ever. At the first half of 20th Century, Britishempire began to decline. However, the well established Englishlanguage were still used beyond BritishIsles. English continue to spread by technology,economies and politics. 11. The End