Chicago Chemists

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This is a presentation I gave to the Chicago Chemists Society a few years back related to world energy consumption - dated but still interesting...

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  • 1. ENERGY CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE George F. Hamstra

2. ENERGY CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE 3. ENERGY CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE WORLD CAR POPULATION United States Rest of World 100000000 200000000 300000000 400000000 500000000 600000000 700000000 800000000 900000000 Vehicles

  • Developing World - 300% Increase Between 1995 & 2020
  • Greater Demand & Less Resources
  • Accelerated Greenhouse Emissions
  • Environment & Energy Trends = Negative Economic Impacts

1930194019501960197019801990200020102020 Year 4. CO2 EMISSIONS U.S. CO 2Emissions 1997 Global Carbon Emissions 1820 to 2020 Projection History 2020 1980 1940 1900 1860 1820 5. WHATS WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE? World Population Oil Production 6. WHATS WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE? 7. WHATS WRONG WITH THIS PICTURE? 8. WORLD PETROLEUM RESERVES -700 -600 -500 -400 -300 -200 -100 0 100 200 United States Canada Mexico, CentralAmerica, & SouthAmerica Western Europe Middle East Eastern Europe, Former U.S.S.R., China Other Eastern Hemisphere Oil Recovered Since 1859 & Total Remaining as of 1990 Barrels (in Bs) Total Remaining Total Recovered 9. WORLD PETROLEUM RESERVES 10. THE ACTUAL COST OF OIL Environmental Damage Agricultural Losses Increased Health Care Expenses Higher Insurance Premiums U.S. Military Expenses for Protecting Middle East Oil Supplies $45/Barrel $15/Barrel $9/Barrel Price of a Barrel of Crude Oil (avg. since 1940) *Prices do not include transportation, processing, refining, distribution, marketing, and profits, etc. 11. THE ACTUAL COST OF OIL $45/Barrel $15/Barrel $9/Barrel 12. WHERE ARE WE AT? 13. WHERE ARE WE AT?(cont) 14. WHERE ARE WE AT?(cont) 15. WHERE ARE WE AT?(cont) 16. WHERE ARE WE AT?(cont) 17. WHERE ARE WE AT?(cont)

    • Oil provides 40% of U.S. total energy consumption
    • U.S. uses 26% of worlds total energy
    • Domestic production peaked in 1970
    • Baby Boomers (post WWII) have consumed 70% of the total U.S. oil in one generation!

18. WHERE ARE WE AT?(cont) 19. The Small Picture 20. The Bigger Picture 21. The Big Picture 22. Reality! 23. Reality! 24. WHERE ARE WE GOING? 25. Fuel Cells 26. Hope For The Future 27. Hope For The Future 28. HOW WILL WE GET THERE? 29. HOW WILL WE GET THERE? 30. HOW WILL WE GET THERE? 31. Thank You! George F. Hamstra [email_address] 32.