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Bitcoins,Use of bitcoins,How bitcoin Works.

Text of Bitcoins

  • 1. Bitcoin Rishabh Dev Singh Sachin Gupta Saksham Gupta

2. Contents Bitcoin Problems faced today Proposed System Chain of Transaction Bitcoins appeal Network Reclaiming Disk Space Simplified Payment Verification Privacy Conclusion References 3. What is Bitcoin? A stateless , algorithmic currency That exists only in cyberspace Major demand is in U.S., China, and certain European countries Bitcoin / USD exchange rate: July 17, 2010 1 Bitcoin = $ 0.0495 November 21, 2013 1 Bitcoin = $740.5948 4. Bitcoins No Involvement of Third party Peer to Peer E-cash Solution to double Spending Use of Hashing Network Involvement require small structure Nodes involved in a network can leave and rejoin at will 5. Problems Faced Today System depends on 3rd party for any transaction. Trusted third party involvement is necessary. Completely non-reversible transaction are not really possible. Fraud chances are very high. Depending on 3rd party depends directly on overall cost. The cost and uncertainties can be overcome by using physical currency, but that also cannot be done without a trrusted 3rd party. 6. Proposed System The necessity of a system having cryptographic proof over trust is what is needed. Allowing any 2 parties to transact directly. This will protect the sellers from fraud and routine check would protect the buyers. We propose a solution to double spending problem using Peer to Peer transaction. 7. Chain of Transaction 8. Transaction Electronic coin is defined as a chain of digital signature. Transfer is done by digitally signing a hash of previous transaction and public key of next owner and is added to end of the coin. Mint, as a trusted authority is used to check every transaction made with the use of bitcoin to check for double spending. 9. Bitcoins appeal Bitcoins value cannot be debased by any government. The supply of Bitcoins can only grow slowly and is limited by a computer alogrithm to 21 million. Bitcoin attacts young, affluent users of eCommerce. Seigniorage revenue goes to entrepreneurs who mine new Bitcoins by solving math problems. 10. How does the government feel about Bitcoin? Bitcoin precludes monetary policy (that controls the supply of money) Bitcoin precludes money laundering and tax evasion too 11. Network New transactions are broadcast to all nodes. Each node collects new transactions into a block. Nodes accept the block only if it is valid and not already spent. Nodes express their acceptance of the block by working on creating the next block for transaction , using the hash of accepted blocks as the previous hash. Nodes always accept the blocks of the longest chain and keep on extending it. 12. Is Bitcoin really a currency? David Yermack NYU Stern School of Business November 22, 2013 13. Reclaiming Disk Space Once the latest transaction in a coin is buried under enough blocks, the spent transactions before it can be discarded to save disk space. A block header with no transactions would be about 80 bytes. If we suppose blocks are generated every 10 minutes, 80 bytes * 6 * 24 * 365 = 4.2MB per year. With computer systems typically selling with 2GB of RAM as of 2008. 14. Reclaiming Disk Space 15. Simplified Payment Verification It is possible to verify payments without running a full network node. A user only needs to keep a copy of the block headers of the longest proof-of-work chain. Which he can get by querying network nodes until he's convinced he has the longest chain 16. Simplified Payment Verification 17. Privacy The traditional banking model achieves a level of privacy by limiting access to information to the parties involved and the trusted third party. The public can see that someone is sending an amount to someone else, but without information linking the transaction to anyone. This is similar to the level of information released by stock exchanges, where the time and size of individual trades, the "tape", is made public, but without telling who the parties were. 18. Privacy 19. Conclusion We have proposed a system for electronic transactions without relying on trust. We started with the usual framework of coins made from digital signatures, which provides strong control of ownership, but is incomplete without a way to prevent double-spending. Nodes work all at once with little coordination. Nodes can leave and rejoin the network at will, accepting the proof- of-work chain as proof of what happened while they were gone. They vote with their CPU power, expressing their acceptance of valid blocks by working on extending them and rejecting invalid blocks by refusing to work on them. Any needed rules and incentives can be enforced with this consensus mechanism. 20. References [1] W. Dai, "b-money,", 1998. [2] H. Massias, X.S. Avila, and J.-J. Quisquater, "Design of a secure timestamping service with minimal trust requirements," In 20th Symposium on Information Theory in the Benelux, May 1999. [3] S. Haber, W.S. Stornetta, "How to time-stamp a digital document," In Journal of Cryptology, vol 3, no 2, pages 99-111, 1991. [4] D. Bayer, S. Haber, W.S. Stornetta, "Improving the efficiency and reliability of digital time-stamping," In Sequences II: Methods in Communication, Security and Computer Science, pages 329-334, 1993. [5] S. Haber, W.S. Stornetta, "Secure names for bit-strings," In Proceedings of the 4th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, pages 28-35, April 1997. [6] A. Back, "Hashcash - a denial of service counter-measure,", 2002. 21. Q & A