A Roadmap for Road User Charging

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How do we get from ineffective and distorting taxes to fair road tolling where people pay for the roads they use? Skymeter, a Toronto-based company, offers a solution.

Text of A Roadmap for Road User Charging

  • 1. A Roadmap from Gas Tax to Time Distance and Place Road User Charging Bern Grush, Chief Scientist, Skymeter Corporation

2. Systems Thinking

  • Measurement
  • Billing
  • Enforcement
  • etc
  • Privacy
  • Access
  • Tax
  • Spending
  • etc
  • Zones
  • Prices
  • Parking
  • Enforcement
  • etc

Technology TDM Policy PublicPolicy How do we bring it alltogether ? 3. Today

  • History
  • VMT vs TDP
  • TDP uses GPS
  • Four Challenges
  • How it works
  • A Roadmap
  • Discussion

4. 15 years ago Europe Congestion 5. Five years ago World Congestion Global Warming 6. Two years ago U.S. Funding National Security Congestion Global Warming 7. Now U.S. Funding National Security Congestion Global Warming 8. Going forward U.S. Funding National Security Congestion Global Warming GAS-TAX vs VMT 9. Vehicle Miles Traveled Odometer reading (suggested) Use GPS to check which state you are in (Oregon 2005-7) Use GPS (TDP) to cover all roads in an entire country (Netherlands 2011-16) Use GPS to check if you are on a certain road (PSRC study 2005-8) Gas tax (1932) VMT TDP Replace gas tax in US with VMT tax (AASHTO 2022-2025) 10. AASHTOs Proposal AASHTOs Funding and Finance team is preparing a draft Legislative Recommendations Summary. From the 3 June 2008 draft: In 2022, begin to replace the motor fuel tax with a vehicle miles travelled user tax; lower the federal gasoline tax to 27 cents and replace with revenue from a VMT tax of one-half cent per mile;in 2025, increase the VMT tax to just over 2.0 cents per mile and phase out motor fuel taxes completely ;in 2030, increase the VMT tax to about 2.2 cents per mile . 11. Time, Distance and Place T D P Pay more duringpeak periods Pay for actual use Pay varyingrates on differentroads 12. Time, Distance and Place Its thefairestway to pay Just like we do for electricity and water 13. Time, Distance and Place How street space isallocated,priced , and managedtells people how to travel Michael Replogle Transportation Director,Environmental Defense Fund Washington, DC 14. Existingtollingtechnologies can tollhighways 15. can charge forenteringa zone Existingtollingtechnologies 16. 340 Gantries $$$ But they cant do Time Distance Place charging 17. GPS does TDP best A GPS road pricing system isScalable 18. GPS does TDP best A GPS road pricing system isFLEXIBLE 19. and it enables a Road-Use Financing (remove the gas tax) Congestion Pricing Parking-by-the-minute HOT lanes Meter-less Parking PAYD Insurance TDP Insurance Value Pricing Emission Charging Driver Rewards TDP Taxi Plating Courier Drop Charging Wide-Area Tolling Cordon Tolling HUGEpolicy menu HOT Streets Superoperability Vehicle-Type Charging 20. The four challenges Reliability Affordability Privacy (The Technology) Implementation (The Roadmap) 21. Reliability Buildings in urban areas reflect and block GPS signals, often resulting in position errors. We fixedThe Urban Canyon Problem 22. Reliability

  • Accuracy
  • Repeatability
  • Evidentiary weight
  • Tamper proof
  • Telcos

23. Reliability: Accuracy 24. Reliability: Repeatability 40 of the same trip over a week 25. Reliability: Evidentiary Weight Liability-Critical blue GPS Red Same Trip Same Charge in New York City 26. Urban Canyon in perspective Blue is Liability Critical GPS Navigation Signals Drift: Car stopped here for light; but we solved this for parking applications Navigation Signals Bias: Navigation-Grade GPS made a consistent error for over a kilometer, putting the vehicle on the wrong road and wrong price Reliability: Evidentiary Weight 27. Reliability: Tamper Proof

  • Broken on removal
  • Jam detection
  • Shield detection
  • Gap detection
  • Radio health signal
  • Visible Light source

Skymeter hasmulti-layeredtamper protection 28. Reliability: Telco Backoffice

  • Distribution network
  • Trust:
    • financial processing
    • data handling
  • Roaming
  • Customer service
  • Collection

Skymeter usestrustedtelecom networks 29. Affordability We decimated Cost

  • No infrastructure
  • Self-install
  • Self-enforced
  • Mobile spot check
  • Multiple applications
  • Existing payment tech

30. Affordability Multiple applications We are adata servicescompany for Roads, Parking, Insurance and more 31. [ Affordability ] No Infrastructure 32. [ Affordability ] Self-install Self-enforce 33. [ Affordability ] Mobile Spot Check 34. [ Affordability ] Multiple Applications

  • Road tolling
  • Congestion Pricing
  • Parking
  • Insurance
  • Taxi Plating
  • Courier
  • Mapping
  • more

35. [ Affordability ] Existing Payment Technology

  • Telcos have everything already
    • Trust
    • Billing/collection
    • Roaming
    • etc

36. Affordability Skymeters systemminimizesoperating expenses andmaximizesyour ability to manage transportation 37. We measure privately Skymeter measures datafrom manyvehicles 38. And keep it private ...by sending ONLY thechargeable amountsto theoperators 39. Privacy

  • Encryption
  • Lag
  • Location anonymity
  • Loop-back proxy

40. Anonymous Loop-back Proxy

  • OBE output can be
  • Charge to no-board smartcard reader
  • Charge to off-board payment operator
  • Behavior data to insurer
  • Trip data to marketer
  • All at patrons choice

OBE sends billing data Administrative signals Payment Handling The Anonymous Loop-back Proxy OBE collect, compress, store journey & billing data Off-board price calculator Request to calc charge amount Return charge data to vehicle Pricemap database Calculate Bill NO STORE NO personal or vehicle ID NO location data 41. How it works

  • SET pricing policy
  • MEASURE road use
  • CALCULATE bills
  • REPORT bills to operators
  • SEND bill to users

This is what Skymeter does 42. MEASURE 43. MEASURE Again andagain We ensure Same Trip Same Charge 44. CALCULATE Calculatethe charge according to a pricemap 45. REPORT Skymeterproduces customized data feeds for billing and telematics 46. Skymeter in Action COMP1 Expected Variance Over 800 KWN Range for same drive! Skymeter Expected Variance Correct PriceCOMP1 price The Skymeter Price was derived using Skymeters Liability Critical GPS meter. Financial units are in Korean Won. COMP1 was one of the competitors for these runs. We do not have permission to disclose their name. Skymeterisconsistentlyclose to the actual price! 47. Skymeter makes managing surface transportation:Reliable.Affordable.Private. 48. Putting it all together Reliable Private Affordable Measure Calculate Report 49. What aboutpolicy ? Weve talked about technology 50. We offerThe Roadmap (A step-by-step approach to implementingfull road-user charging) 51. Phase 1: Introduction PAYD Insurance Driver Rewards TDP Taxi Plating Courier Drop Charging Introduction Expanded Application TDP Implementation Full Implementation 2009 2014 2019 2025 52. Phase 2: Expanded Application Parking-by-the-minute HOT lanes Meter-less Parking TDP Insurance Value Pricing HOT Streets Superoperability Introduction Expanded Application TDP Implementation Full Implementation 2009 2014 2019 2025 53. Phase 3: TDP Implementation Congestion Pricing Emission Charging Cordon Tolling Vehicle-Type Charging Introduction Expanded Application TDP Implementation Full Implementation 2009 2014 2019 2025 54. Phase 4: Full Implementation Road-Use Financing (remove the gas tax) Wide-Area Tolling Introduction Expanded Application TDP Implementation Full Implementation 2009 2014 2019 2025 55. The full map Introduction Expanded Application TDP Implementation Full Implementation 2009 2014 2019 2025 Road-Use Financing (remove the gas tax) Congestion Pricing Parking-by-the-minute HOT lanes Meter-less Parking PAYD Insurance TDP Insurance Value Pricing Emission Charging Driver Rewards TDP Taxi Plating Courier Drop Charging Wide-Area Tolling Cordon Tolling HOT Streets Superoperability Vehicle-Type Charging 56. Thank you! Skymeter Corporation 101 College St., Toronto, CAN +1 416 673 8406 [email_address]

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